AP World: Chapter 6: Commonalities and Variations: Africa and the Americas, 500 BCE - 1200 CE
Terms in this set (13)
Wari and Tiwanaku
Two states that flourished between 400 and 1000 CE in the highlands of modern Bolivia and Peru. At their height, they possessed urban capitals with populations in the tens of thousands and productive agricultural systems
The largest city of pre-Columbian America, with a population between 100,000 and 200,000; seemingly built to a plan in the Valley of Mexico, it flourished between 300 and 600 CE, during which time it governed or influenced much of the surrounding region. The name is an Aztec term meaning "city of the gods."
Ruler of Kush (r. 752 to 721 BCE) who conquered Egypt, reuniting it under his rule
Niger Valley civilization
Distinctive city-based civilization that flourished from about 300 BCE to about 900 CE in the floodplain of the middle Niger and that included major cities like Jenne-jeno; the Niger Valley civilization is particularly noteworthy for its apparent lack of centralized state structures, having been organized instead in clusteres of economically specialized settlements.
Members of any of a number of cultures that developed east of the Mississippi River in what is now the United States and that are distinguished by their large earthen mounds, built during the period 2000 BCE - 1250 CE
An important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests; flourished from around 100 to 800 CE
City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization between 300 BCE and 100 CE
A major civilization of Mesoamerica; flourished from 250 to 900 CE
Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement from around 900 to 250 BCE
Name given to a major process of settlement and societal organization that occurred in the period 860 - 1130 CE among the peoples of Chaco canyon, in what is now northwestern New Mexico; the society formed is notable for its settlement in large pueblos and for the building of hundreds of miles of roads (the purpose of which is not known)
The dominant center of an important Mississippi valley mound-building culture, located near present-day St. Louis, Missouri; flourished from about 900 to 1250 CE
Gradual migration of Bantu-speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now southern Nigeria and the Cameroons into most of eastern and southern Africa, a process that began around 3000 BCE and continued for several millennia. The agricultural techniques and ironworking technology of Bantu-speaking farmers gave them an advantage over the gathering and hunting peoples they encountered
Second-wave era kingdom of East Africa, in present-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia; flourished from 100 to 600 CE
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