IB World US History- The New Deal

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Huey Long
Louisiana governer elected in 1928 who protested the New Deal, claiming it did not do enough to help those in need. Long had a "Share our Wealth" scheme, promising to redistribute wealth. Was assassinated in 1935
President FDR
Came into office in 1932, promised the US a New Deal, a chance to create jobs and put money back in the economy.
Charles Coughlin
Protested the New Deal, a priest from Detroit who built the National Union for Social justice. He believed the New Deal did not provide social justice, called the new deal the "Jew Deal"
Francis Townsend
Protested the New Deal- authored the Townsend Plan, a scheme by which all those over sixty would receive a monthly pension in return for a promise to retire and to spend the pension, influenced govt. to pass Social Security act of 1935.
The Emergency Banking Act
forced all banks to stay closed for four days. Those whose finances were completely hopeless were ordered to close permanently
The First New Deal
FDR's first hundred days in office, which consisted of several acts to relieve the nation of its economic stress.
Tennessee Valley Act
set up to regenerate the area by encouraging industry and helping agriculture after the flood in Tennessee River.
Packing the Court
FDR increased the number of judges from nine to fifteen and included more of his allies in order to gain votes. This plan was one fo FDR's biggest mistakes.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
established to put the government in power of influencing prices by destroying surplus produce and giving farmers compensation for lost production.
Civilian Conservation Corps
the govt. provided work for unemployed young men ona whole range of environ. projects in the countryside.
public works admins-, aimed to use unemployed, skilled industrial workers on large scale public construction projects.
Federal Emergency Relief Admins.
made grants of federal money to state and local govts. to help them give relief to the unemployed. Only an emergency measure.
A Hundred Days
FDR's first hundred days in office. This is esp. significant because FDR began his New Deal even before his inauguration.
Fireside Chats
FDR would speak to the nation in laymen's terms on the radio, explaining the situation with the banks and the economy.
Wagner Act
tried to restore some protection to workers by confirming their right to join trade unions, forbidding employers from preventing the organization of unions
Works Progress Administration
aim was to find emergency short term employment for unskilled workers, mainly in construction. However, it also sponsored arts projects, existed for eight years, put eight million to work.
Resettlement Admins
helped poor farmers by purchasing equipment for them, and even resettled some of the poorest on land purchased by the RA
Dust Bowl
term used for the central and southern great plains during the 1930s when the region suffered from drought and dust storms
National Recovery Admins.
tried to create a partnership between the govt. and insustry that would do away with employment evils like child labor, long hours, and low pay. The idea was that each industry would agree an employment code with the government. Code guaranteed workers fair wages adn conditions in return for fair prices for goods.
Social Security Act of 1935
thanks to pressure from critics, FDR introduced this act to set up a national insurance scheme, which provided old age pensions, unemployment benefits, and financial support for the handicapped. It was funded by contributions paid by workers, employers, and the govt.
John Collier
Head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs who introduced the Indian New Deal and pushed congress to pass Indian Reorganization Act