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Chapter 12: Blood

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circulatory system
drop off supplies
pick up waste from cells
protection against invaders
made of plasma and formed elements
blood plasma
liquid part with formed elements
food and salts are dissolved in the plasma
oxygen in small amounts
plasma proteins
plasma proteins
albumins
globulins
fibrinogen
albumins
thicken blood
injected into blood fro hemorrhages, severe burns, or kidney disease to increase its volume
globulins
antibodies for infections
fibrinogen
blood clotting
blood
4-6 L of blood depending on size of person
7-9% of body weight
pH of 7.35 to 7.45
acidosis
acidosis
blood pH decreases too much towards neutral pH
formed elements
RBC
WBC
platelets
erythrocytes
RBC
leukocytes
WBC
granular leukocytes
nongranular leukocytes
granular leukocytes
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
nongranular leukocytes
lymphocytes
monocytes
thrombocytes
platelets
myeloid tissue
red bone marrow
hemopoiesis
the creating of new red blood cells
hemoglobin
rid pigment in RBC that unites with oxygen to form oxyhemoglobin
red blood cell disorders
anemia
polycythemia
anemias
aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
folate
acute loss anemia
chronic blood loss
iron deficiency
aplastic anemia
bone marrow destruction by cancer
pernicious anemia
dietary deficiency of vitamin B12
folate-deficiency anemia
deficient levels of folic acid (B9)
acute loss anemia
hemorrhages with trauma, extensive surgery
chronic blood loss anemia
long term losses due to cancer or slow bleeding ulcers
hemoglobin changes
hyperchromic
hypochromic
hemolytic anemia
iron deficiency anemia
lack of iron in blood stream
hemolytic anemia
any inherited blood disorder affecting hemoglobin
sickle-cel anemia
thalasemia
thalasemia
affects two chains of hemoglobin
hyperchromic
high hemoglobin content
hypochromic
low hemoglobin content
phagocytes
white blood cells that use phagocytosis to kill organisms
neutrophils
monocytes
eosinophils
eosinophils
allergy irritants
lymphocytes
immune response
T cells
B cells
basophils
function to prevent allergic reactions, they also secrete heparin
heparin
prevents blood clotting in the flowing blood
white blood cells disorders
leucopenia
leukocytosis
leukemia
leucopenia
low WBC count
under 5000
leukocytosis
high WBC count
over 10,000
leukemia
blood cancer
over 30,000 WBC count
mononucleosis
increased monocytes or lymphocytes
normal WBC count
7500
clotting factors
prothrombin
prothrombin acticator
calcum
thrombin
thrombin
fibrinogen
platelets and blooding clotting
clotting factors
thrombin
fibrin