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AP World History 15th Century

Terms in this set (45)

Ottoman: 14th to early 20th cent. Turkic warriors extended its control to much of middle east, coastal n. Africa, lands around black sea, and farther into e. Europe. huge territory, long duration, incorporation of diverse peoples, cultural sophistication. Turks dominated Islamic world ruling over many Arabs who had initiated the new faith more than 800 yrs earlier. wanted to bring unity to Islamic world. Ottoman empire seized Constantinople marked demise of christian Byzantium. politically and militarily expanding.

Safavid:To the E. of ottoman empire. Also Turkic but emerged from a Sufi religious order. long-term significance was its decision to impose a Shia version of Islam as the official religion of state. this form of Islam over time gained support and came to define Persia (Iran). Also created sharp divide in political/religious life of heartland islam b/c most neighbours practiced sunni form of islam. conflict between ottoman/safavid. Sunni/shia hostility continues to divide islamic world into 21st c.

Songhay: West African Savannas. 2nd half of 15th c. most recent and largest in a series of impressive states that operated at a crucial intersection of the trans-saharan trade routes and that derived much of their revenue from taxing that commerce. Islam limited to elites. major centre of islamic learning and commerce although monarch practiced magic as well as proper islam tradition.

Mughal: Early 16th c. Also governed largely non-muslim population. Continued an ongoing encounter between Islamic and Hindu civilizations. Also result of islamized Turkic group that invaded India. Remarkable effort to blend Hindu and Muslim into partnership. Inclusive policies to accomodate Hindu population.