Social Studies: Ancient Egypt
Terms in this set (31)
rapids along a river, such as those along the Nile in Egypt
a triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river
a series of rulers from the same family
life after death
specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth for preservation
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
the ancient Egyptian writing system that used picture and symbols
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and demotic script that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
a tall, pointed, four-sided pillar in ancient Egypt
items sent to other regions for trade
goods brought from other regions
a long lasting paper-like material made from reeds that the ancient Egyptians used to write on.
Besides crops, what food did the Nile provide?
duck, fish, and geese
Why did Menes wear a double crown?
in order to symbolize his leadership over the two kingdoms
What do you think happened in the years when the Nile River did not flood?
The land became very dry so people couldn't grow food which lead to famine.
In what type of structure were pharaohs buried?
What items did people place in tombs?
furniture, clothing, tools, jewelry, and weapons
Why were items put in the tombs?
people believed that a person's sprit, ka, had needs like the person did when they were once alive
Why did nobles and commoners alike obeyed the king?
they believed that the pharaoh was a god
What factors contributed to the Egypt's wealth during the New Kingdom?
conquest and trade
How might a young Egyptian rise in social status?
by becoming a soldier
What caused the New Kingdom to fall?
the invasion of the Sea People and the Hitties
Why is a sphinx?
is an imaginary creature with the body of a lion and the head of other animals or humans.
Had does hieroglyphics differ from our system of writing?
It has 600 symbols instead of 26 letters, it can be written horizontally or vertically instead of just horizontally, and it cans be written from left to right or right to left instead of just left to right.
Why is the temple at Karnak so famous?
because it's the largest temple in all of Egypt and had an abundant amount of decorations
Where did Kushite civilization develop?
Nubia, south of Egypt along the Nile
Why did Egypt want to gain control of Kush?
they feared that Kush was becoming very powerful and could eventually attack them
Why was the 25th Dynasty so important for both Kush and Egypt?
Kush gained control of Egypt and Shabaka, the pharaoh at that time, was able to restore Egyptian tradition and practices
Do you think that societies like those in Egypt and Kush could have grown up in anywhere besides the Nile River?
No because the Nile is unique and they wouldn't have been able to survive without the rich soil for farming and water for drinking
How did religious beliefs shape both Egyptian and Kushite culture?
because religion was such a big part of their culture, religion influence their government, art, architecture, and almost every aspect of their daily life.
What lead to the creation of Africa's first industry in Kush
deposits of iron ore and forests to fuel furnaces.