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5 federal agencies

Commerce, Defense, Interior, EPA, and USDA

US Forest Service (USFS)

USDA; administers national forests and grasslands and wildlife thereon

Wildlife Services (APHIS)

USDA; "Resolve wildlife conflicts and create a balance that allows people and wildlife to coexist peacefully"

National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC)

USDA; research arm of wildlife service

Natural Resources Conservation Services (NRCS)

USDA; assists with habitat development on private and public lands

US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)

DI; Conservation of migratory birds, certain mammals, endangered species, sport fishes

Nat'l Parks Service (NPS)

DI; to "conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations"

US Geological Survey (USGS)

DI; provide scientific understanding and technologies to support management and conservation of Nation's biological resources

Bureau of Land Mgmt (BLM)

DI; 55% of all fed lands, supervises multiple uses

Bureau of Reclamation

DI; water development and reclamation

Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

DI; Native American lands and resource managment

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

reviews proposals from other federal agencies, maintains filing systems, and assures its own actions comply with NEPA; pollution control and monitoring; establishes and enforces laws

Nat'l Environment Policy Act

required for "federal activities significantly affecting quality of human environment"; environmental assessment (EA) FONSI; environmental impact statement (EIS)- purpose of action, impact, and alternatives; litigations and consulting firms

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)

DC; Research and management of marine fish, mammals, and invertebrates; administers ESA for marine species (NOAA)

Army Core of Engineers

DE; Dredging, stream stabilization on navigable rivers and coastal wetlands, issues dredge and fill permits through CWA






environmental agency




Army Corps

Lacey Act

prohibited shipment, transport, and commerce of wildlife taken or possessed in violation of state, federal, or foreign laws; eliminated market hunting; federal permits required for importation of exotics

Migratory Bird Act

US, G. Brit., Canada, Mexico, Japan, and USSR; defined migratory birds, prohibited sale of game birds, daily bag limits; nongame migratory birds protected; NA exempted

Black Bass Act

Lacey Act for fish, prohibited transport or commerce in violation of state or federal laws, protection for black bass and all game fish

Section 7 of ESA

fed agencies consult with Interior about actions that might jeopardize T&E species

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

Protection for endangered species, import/export procedure, 120+ nations and 675+ species, 3 lists (endangered by trade, species that may or may not be threatened, species that should be regulated in trade)

Nat'l Forest Mgmt Act

USFS lands comply with NEPA, multiple use panning and mgmt of timber on fed lands, viable populations of native vertebrates on federal lands

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