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Psych Quiz #5
Terms in this set (50)
The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on
When an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happened, which measure of memory is being used?
Which measure of memory is used on a test that requires matching glossary terms with their correct definitions?
Ebbinghaus' use of nonsense syllables to study memory led to the discovery that
the amount remembered depends on the time spent learning.
The three steps in memory information processing are
encoding, storage, retrieval.
The process of encoding refers to
getting information into memory.
The retention of encoded information over time refers to
The process of getting information out of memory is called
The original Atkinson-Schiffrin three-stage information-processing model introduced distinctions among
sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
Shelly was able to remember the names of three new class members for only a minute or two after they had been introduced to her. The new class members' names were briefly stored in her ________ memory.
According to Allen Baddeley, we consciously process incoming auditory and visual-spatial information in our ________ memory.
The integration of new incoming information with knowledge retrieved from long-term memory involves the activity of
In Alan Baddeley's model of working memory, the hypothetical central executive engages in
Consciously repeating the name of a new classmate you want to remember illustrates
We encode implicit memories by means of
Retention of skills and classically conditioned associations without conscious recollection is known as ________ memory.
A conscious memory of the name of the first president of the United States is a(n) ________ memory.
Implicit memory is to explicit memory as ________ is to ________.
A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called ________ memory.
Chunking refers to
the organization of information into meaningful units.
We are more likely to remember the words "bicycle, cigarette, and fire" than the words "void, process, and inherent." This best illustrates the value of
Jamille is taking French in school. She gets her best grades on vocabulary tests if she studies for 15 minutes every day for 8 days than if she crams for 2 hours the night before the test. This illustrates what is known as
the spacing effect.
Encoding a written word semantically rather than on the basis of the word's written appearance illustrates a distinction between
deep and shallow processing.
Which of the following questions would best enable you to remember that you saw the word PEACH on today's test?
Is the word a type of fruit?
To remember the information presented in her psychology textbook, Susan often relates it to her own life experiences. Susan's strategy is an effective memory aid because it facilitates
Which type of memory has an essentially limitless capacity?
Which neural center in the limbic system helps process explicit memories for storage?
Damage to the hippocampus would most likely interfere with a person's ability to learn
the names of newly introduced people.
After recovering from a stroke, Farina was able to learn how to hit a tennis ball. She is unable, however, to learn and remember the name of the rehabilitation therapist who has been working with her each day to develop her tennis swing. Farina is most likely to have suffered damage to her
A good night's sleep improves recall of the previous day's events by facilitating the transfer of memories from the
hippocampus to the cortex.
Cerebellum is to ________ memory as hippocampus is to ________ memory.
Long-term potentiation refers to
By activating the amygdala, stress hormones facilitate
Words, images, and other bits of information used to access a stored memory are called
Hearing the word "rabbit" may lead people to spell the spoken word "hair" as "h-a-r-e." This best illustrates the outcome of a process known as
After learning that kicking would move a crib mobile, infants showed that they recalled this learning best if they were tested in the same crib. This best illustrates
After his last drinking spree, Fakim hid a half-empty liquor bottle. He couldn't remember where he hid it until he started drinking again. Fakim's pattern of recall best illustrates
Whenever he feels sexually jealous, David is flooded with painful memories of instances when he thought his girlfriend was flirting with other men. David's experience best illustrates
The tendency to recall the first and last items in a list better than the middle items is known as
the serial position effect.
After having brain surgery to stop severe seizures, Henry Molaison could recall events he experienced prior to the surgery but was unable to form new conscious memories. Molaison's memory difficulty most clearly illustrates
We are unable to consciously attend to most of the sights and sounds that are continually bombarding us. This fact most clearly contributes to
Hermann Ebbinghaus discovered that the rate at which we forget newly learned information is initially
rapid and subsequently slows down.
Proactive interference refers to the
disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information.
Retroactive interference involves the disruption of
After learning the combination for his new locker at school, Milton is unable to remember the combination for his year-old bicycle lock. Milton is experiencing the effects of
Compulsive gamblers frequently recall losing less money than is actually the case. Their memory failure best illustrates
Research on memory construction indicates that memories of past experiences are likely to be
distorted by our current expectations.
In the study led by Elizabeth Loftus, two groups of observers were asked how fast two cars had been going in a filmed traffic accident. Observers who heard the vividly descriptive word "smashed" in relation to the accident later recalled
broken glass at the scene of the accident.
The psychologist Jean Piaget constructed a vivid, detailed memory of a nursemaid's thwarting his kidnapping after hearing false reports of such an event. His experience best illustrates
Which of the following poses the greatest threat to the credibility of children's recollections of sexual abuse?
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