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201 terms

New Testament Survey McLean MidTerm

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In which country are more Bibles sold than any other book?
Canada
Which does not describe the meaning of the word "Torah"?
writing
Which book is found in the Torah?
Leviticus
In what way does the New Testament mediate God's presence?
It is truth
What is the clearest example of the way the New Testament is of personal significance?
It provides answers for the searching souls of human beings
Which best describes the New Testament
fulfillment
The apocryphal books were written between the years
430 B.C. and A.D. 100
In what way is the study of the New Testament of least significance to cultural literacy?
It provides a basis for comparison with Mohammed, who was a major influence in Eastern culture
How many of the New Testament books are personal letters?
twenty-four
Under which ruler did Christ enter history?
Augustus
Who is responsible for identifying the person before Christ as a praeparatio evangelium?
early Church Fathers
The length of Palestine from north to south is approximately
145 miles
What region of Palestine is the farthest west?
coastal plain
From north to south Palestine is almost impassable except for
the Plain of Esdraelon
How many districts were in the Decapolis?
ten
In which district of Palestine did Jesus grow up?
Galilee
Fresh produce can be grown all year long in
the Plain of Gennesaret
Between Galilee and Judea is
Samaria
What is the major city of Judea?
Jerusalem
Where does the Jordan River end?
Dead Sea
Who built a community in the wilderness area of the Dead Sea?
Essenes
The Dead Sea is the lowest natural place on earth, being below sea level by
1,290 feet
The Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden when the Romans attacked in A.D.
66
Which was not part of the territory that Herod Philip ruled from 4 B.C. to A.D. 34?
Jericho
Jesus healed the outcast demoniac in
the Decapolis
Who was the most noted Jewish historian of the first century?
Josephus
In which area was Machaerus a major fortress city?
Perea
In which year did Cyrus become king of Persia?
559 B.C.
The "time of restoration" is best defined as
series of emigrations to Palestine
Who first brought European might to the Middle East?
Alexander the Great
The military leaders who followed Alexander were called
the Diadochi
After which battle did Antiochus III annex Palestine to his territory?
Panias
The Greek god Zeus was the Roman god
Jupiter
Which Old Testament prophet prophesied that swine's flesh would be offered at a pagan altar in the temple at Jerusalem?
Daniel
The Hasmoneans were members of the family of
Mattathias
The Hasidim were
pious warriors
Which term is not appropriate to use in describing the celebration that followed the cleansing and rededicating of the Temple Mount?
Feast of Tabernacles
Who was responsible for establishing and maintaining peace in Palestine?
Simon
Who was the first Hasmonean priest?
Simon
Under whose reign were thousands of Jews massacred?
Alexander Jannaeus
Which Roman general conquered Jerusalem in 63 B.C.?
Pompey
An ethnarch is
the local governor of an area
In 44 B.C. the Middle East was thrust into turmoil because of
the struggle between Cassius and Octavian
Whom did Josephus describe as "a man of great barbarity towards all equally and a slave to his passion"?
Herod the Great
Which land was not given to Philip by Caesar Augustus?
Judea
Who was responsible for making Mary and Joseph take Jesus to Nazareth rather than Bethlehem?
Archelaus
Under the rule of Philip, Bethsaida was rebuilt and renamed
Julias
For personal reasons who was responsible for John the Baptist being beheaded?
Herodias
In what place did Herod Antipas and his wife die?
Spain
What was Agrippa's position toward the Jews?
He considered their feelings in his decision making
Which procurator of Judea and Samaria was the most corrupt and ruthless?
Albinus
Which Roman completed the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70?
Vespasian
After the final devastation of Jerusalem, Christians directed their efforts at
Gentiles
Which best describes Judaism?
way of lifestyle
Which was not a primary unifying factor for the Jews?
doctrinal position
The diaspora refers to
the scattered Jews
Which was not a function of the synagogue?
commerce
How many laws did the Jews live by?
1,000s
Who was not a Pharisee?
Judas the Galilean
Who put the traditions in a book called the Mishnah?
Rabbi Judah the Patriarch
Which religious group was the most influential in Jesus' day?
Pharisees
When were the first scrolls found at Qumran?
1947
Which religious group was most likely to use violence to advance their cause?
Zealots
Apocalyptic emphases can be found in
all of the above
The small box of black leather worn on the forehead of Jewish men is called
a tephillin
Which group had the least political significance in Palestine?
Am ha-Aretz
The phrase "it is written" as used as a reference to the Old Testament Scriptures means it
comes directly from God
Samaritans differed most from Jews in respect to
the designated place of worship
By Jesus' time the parts of the Old Testament that were acknowledged as Scripture were
law, prophets, and writings
LXX is the abbreviation for
the Septuagint
Greek translation of the Old Testament
Septuagint
Fourteen Greek books about religion and history of the Jews
Apocrypha
These various works were classified by J. H. Charlesworth
pseudepigrapha
A Latin Bible that separated canonical and noncanonical
Dead Sea Scrolls
books
The targums were written in
Aramaic
The Midrash is basically
an explanation of the Old Testament
Who was the author of the History of the Jewish War?
Josephus
What is meant by the term kerygma
preached message
Approximately how many Old Testament prophecies about Jesus are recorded in the New Testament
eighty
The special material that Luke wanted to include in his Gospel had been obtained from
Mary, the mother of Jesus
To whom did Luke say, "Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us"?
Theophilus
Whose work includes the earliest description of the Gospels?
Justin Martyr
What is the date of Justin Martyr's description?
A.D. 155
At what time did critics seriously question the validity of biography in the Gospels?
a. 1920s
Which best describes the Gospels
biographical sermons
The primary purpose of the Gospels is to
call people to faith
Which does not provide an adequate reason for why the Gospels were written?
To have factual material to be used for the instruction of converts
What is the most important argument for believing that the Gospels are true?
They are supported by God's guidance
Until recent times the only question that had not been raised about the Gospel of Matthew was
whether Matthew was the author
The titles of the Gospels cannot be dated any later than
A.D. 125
The reasons some New Testament scholars give for Matthew not being the author of the Gospel of Matthew can best be said to be
speculative
New Testament critics suggest that the author of the Gospel of Matthew might be
Hellenistic Christian
Which is the least likely date for the writing of the Gospel of Matthew?
A.D. 110
Where is the Gospel of Matthew most likely to have been written?
Syria
What is the purpose of the Gospel of Matthew?
to present a life of Christ
To which place for the writing of the Gospel of Matthew does the Didache lend support?
Syrian Antioch
If a Sunday school teacher wanted to emphasize the kingdom using what Jesus himself had taught, which reference would he or she use?
Matthew 13:1-53
Matthew introduces Jesus as the son of
David
A major theme of the Gospel of Matthew is that
Jesus added Gentiles to the people of God
By including accounts about disease, demons, and destiny, Matthew was making a case for Jesus being
the supreme authority
Matthew recorded Jesus' teaching everywhere except
on highways
The Gospel of Matthew is the only Gospel that
mentions a church by name
The Gospel of Mark can best be described as
long short story
Why has the Gospel of Mark become the favorite Gospel today?
It is a valuable source of information about the life of Jesus
Whose testimony is of greatest importance in establishing the authorship of the Gospel of Mark?
Papias
What is the name of the bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia at the beginning of the second century
Papias
Mark's writing can be termed episodic because he
wrote down single points
The presbyter to whom Mark refers is most likely
Peter
Mark had to be dependent on other eyewitnesses for his information since he himself was personally not there to witness the events he recorded in his Gospel. Who is most likely to be the person on whom he relied?
Peter
Mark disappointed Paul because he
left and went back to Jerusalem on the first missionary journey
On what type of grounds is the denial of Mark's authorship of the Gospel of Mark by contemporary scholars based?
dogmatic
Which date is too late for the writing of the Gospel of Mark?
A.D. 70
What characteristic of the Gospel of Mark least points to Rome as the place where Mark wrote it?
There is a "Jewishness" about the Gospel of Mark
What is the central theme of the Gospel of Mark?
Jesus has a supernatural nature
Which prophet does Mark quote at the beginning of his Gospel
Jeremiah
At which event in the life of Christ does the Gospel of Mark begin?
foretelling of Christ's coming
Where did Jesus say, "Your sins are forgiven"?
Capernaum
How did Peter respond after seeing the miracles Jesus performed
"You are the Son of God"
What was the emotional reaction of the disciples when Jesus calmed the storm in Mark 4:41?
fear
When Jesus was transfigured, he talked with
Moses
Who did not recognize that Jesus was supernatural?
religious leaders
Mark demonstrates the importance of the death and resurrection of Jesus in the attention he gives it. Out of sixteen chapters, how many did he write that were devoted to the last week of Jesus' life?
ten
Who made the statement at the Last Supper: "The Son of Man will go, just as it is written about him"?
Jesus
What is the practice called when Jesus commanded those whom he healed not to disclose it?
messianic secret
Why did Jesus tell the disciples to be quiet about his messiahship?
because they didn't understand it
Luke wrote the Gospel of Luke to answers questions posed by a government official from
Rome
Which was not included in Luke's procedure for writing his Gospel?
evaluation of the materials by a group of early Christians
Whom does Luke address in Luke 1:3?
Theophilus
Which person of those who affirmed Luke's authorship of the Gospel of Luke was actually an opponent of the church?
Marcion
Which is not one of the arguments critics use to support their case that the Gospel of Luke was written by someone other than Luke?
Luke's close friend, Paul, gives evidence that Luke did not write the Gospel of Luke
By profession Luke was
a physician
In which Prison Letter was Luke mentioned?
Philemon
What other New Testament book was written as a joint project with the Gospel of Luke?
Acts
The Gospel of Luke was most likely written between
A.D. 50 and 60
In treating the topics about Jesus proclaiming salvation, calling his disciples, and fulfilling his destiny in Jerusalem, Luke is emphasizing
the work of Jesus
Luke traces Jesus' ancestry as far back as
Adam
Jesus' birth took place when Quirinius was governor of
Syria
Who said that Jesus was a light of revelation to the Gentiles?
Simeon
When Jesus began his ministry in Nazareth, he read the passage that says:
The spirit of the Lord is on me
Luke's record of Jesus' treatment of women indicates that Jesus
acted as if women were of value
Luke made the point that Jesus' treatment of women was superior to the treatment given to them by
the rabbis
What warning did Jesus give about the Holy Spirit?
Consequences were grave if someone blasphemed the Holy Spirit
Matthew, Mark, and Luke contain similar stories, chronologies, and teachings. For this reason they are called
Synoptic
Approximately what percentage of the content of the Gospel of John is parallel to Matthew, Mark, and Luke
10
The geographical focus of Jesus' ministry as recorded in the Gospel of John is in and around
Jerusalem
How does the content of John's Gospel relate to the content of Matthew, Mark, and Luke?
It supplements the content
While the Synoptic Gospels focus on a one-year ministry of Jesus, the Gospel of John focuses on a ministry of
three years
Who said that if everything Jesus did was recorded the world could not contain the volumes of books
John
Which critical scholar demonstrated his belief that John was not the author of the Gospel of John by not discussing the subject of authorship?
Bultmann
The earliest source where the Gospel of John was clearly used was in the work of
Ignatius of Antioch
Which early writer recorded that John wrote the Gospel of John when John was in Ephesus?
Irenaeus
John wrote his Gospel in the city of
Ephesus
The Gospel of John was written in the
90s
The first thing about Jesus that was questioned was his
humanity
in his incarnation Jesus became
human
For John, the theological impact of Jesus' incarnation was that only one who was truly human could be a true
redeemer
The Gospel of John is explicit in identifying what believers should
believe
What is the primary source of information about Jesus?
Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Who traced Jesus back to a point before time was recorded?
John
Which is not significant in determining a chronology for the life of Jesus
date of Herod's death
The authors of this textbook date the birth of Jesus at
6 B.C.
Who was Gabriel
an angel
Who was the first to receive the news that Jesus was to be born
Zechariah
The magi who brought gifts to the baby Jesus were most likely
astrologers
The magi most likely were from
Mesopotamia
Who told Joseph to take Jesus to Egypt?
God
When did Mary and Joseph leave Egypt to return to Nazareth
4 B.C.
How many incidents were recorded about the early years of Jesus' life
one
How old was Jesus when he first was taken to Jerusalem?
twelve
John the Baptist was somewhat like
Elijah
What did John the Baptist preach against?
antinationalism
For which activity of Herod Antipas did John the Baptist's preaching cause his arrest?
marrying the wife of his brother
At which place was John the Baptist imprisoned?
Machaerus
Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River near a place called
Bethany
Jesus was baptized in order to
fulfill all righteousness
When Jesus was tempted in the wilderness, he found his strength and guidance primarily from
the Scriptures
What place became the center of Christ's ministry during his Galilean ministry?
Capernaum
If modern-day believers are to follow the example Christ set during his ministry in Galilee, they would do all except
build elaborate church buildings
The most criticism Jesus received was from
religious leaders
By selecting the apostles, Jesus was
establishing an organization for ministry
At what place did Jesus clarify himself and his mission to his disciples?
Caesarea Philippi
The center of the worship of Pan was at
Caesarea Philippi
Which apostle began to rebuke Jesus?
Peter
Jesus told his disciples that if they were to really be great in the kingdom they would have to be like
children
Jesus ended his ministry in Galilee in about
A.D. 29
During which Jewish festival did Jesus heal a blind person at Jerusalem
Feast of Tabernacles
In which Gospel do we find the most extensive coverage of Jesus' ministry in Judea during the winter of A.D. 29-30?
Luke
What highlighted Jesus' ministry at Bethany?
preaching to large crowds
On the Sunday before Passover, Jesus presented himself in Jerusalem as
Messiah
How did Judas identify Jesus to the temple police in the Garden of Gethsemane?
He greeted Jesus with a kiss
Jesus was interrogated first by
Annas
How long did it take Jesus to die
six hours
Which two individuals prepared the body of Jesus for burial?
Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemas
Which of Jesus' disciples did not believe Jesus had risen
Thomas
From the life of Christ, what lesson about death is most clearly taught
Death is the beginning of a new life for believers
Jesus came primarily as
a preacher-teacher
The words Jesus spoke were primarily meant to
teach
What kind of language was Jesus using when he said, "Many who are first will be last and the last first"?
paradoxical
What was Jesus' favorite teaching device?
parables
The most striking feature of Jesus' teaching was
the manner with which he related himself to his teaching
Jesus did not teach everything about God because
The people would not be able to understand