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In which country are more Bibles sold than any other book?


Which does not describe the meaning of the word "Torah"?


Which book is found in the Torah?


In what way does the New Testament mediate God's presence?

It is truth

What is the clearest example of the way the New Testament is of personal significance?

It provides answers for the searching souls of human beings

Which best describes the New Testament


The apocryphal books were written between the years

430 B.C. and A.D. 100

In what way is the study of the New Testament of least significance to cultural literacy?

It provides a basis for comparison with Mohammed, who was a major influence in Eastern culture

How many of the New Testament books are personal letters?


Under which ruler did Christ enter history?


Who is responsible for identifying the person before Christ as a praeparatio evangelium?

early Church Fathers

The length of Palestine from north to south is approximately

145 miles

What region of Palestine is the farthest west?

coastal plain

From north to south Palestine is almost impassable except for

the Plain of Esdraelon

How many districts were in the Decapolis?


In which district of Palestine did Jesus grow up?


Fresh produce can be grown all year long in

the Plain of Gennesaret

Between Galilee and Judea is


What is the major city of Judea?


Where does the Jordan River end?

Dead Sea

Who built a community in the wilderness area of the Dead Sea?


The Dead Sea is the lowest natural place on earth, being below sea level by

1,290 feet

The Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden when the Romans attacked in A.D.


Which was not part of the territory that Herod Philip ruled from 4 B.C. to A.D. 34?


Jesus healed the outcast demoniac in

the Decapolis

Who was the most noted Jewish historian of the first century?


In which area was Machaerus a major fortress city?


In which year did Cyrus become king of Persia?

559 B.C.

The "time of restoration" is best defined as

series of emigrations to Palestine

Who first brought European might to the Middle East?

Alexander the Great

The military leaders who followed Alexander were called

the Diadochi

After which battle did Antiochus III annex Palestine to his territory?


The Greek god Zeus was the Roman god


Which Old Testament prophet prophesied that swine's flesh would be offered at a pagan altar in the temple at Jerusalem?


The Hasmoneans were members of the family of


The Hasidim were

pious warriors

Which term is not appropriate to use in describing the celebration that followed the cleansing and rededicating of the Temple Mount?

Feast of Tabernacles

Who was responsible for establishing and maintaining peace in Palestine?


Who was the first Hasmonean priest?


Under whose reign were thousands of Jews massacred?

Alexander Jannaeus

Which Roman general conquered Jerusalem in 63 B.C.?


An ethnarch is

the local governor of an area

In 44 B.C. the Middle East was thrust into turmoil because of

the struggle between Cassius and Octavian

Whom did Josephus describe as "a man of great barbarity towards all equally and a slave to his passion"?

Herod the Great

Which land was not given to Philip by Caesar Augustus?


Who was responsible for making Mary and Joseph take Jesus to Nazareth rather than Bethlehem?


Under the rule of Philip, Bethsaida was rebuilt and renamed


For personal reasons who was responsible for John the Baptist being beheaded?


In what place did Herod Antipas and his wife die?


What was Agrippa's position toward the Jews?

He considered their feelings in his decision making

Which procurator of Judea and Samaria was the most corrupt and ruthless?


Which Roman completed the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70?


After the final devastation of Jerusalem, Christians directed their efforts at


Which best describes Judaism?

way of lifestyle

Which was not a primary unifying factor for the Jews?

doctrinal position

The diaspora refers to

the scattered Jews

Which was not a function of the synagogue?


How many laws did the Jews live by?


Who was not a Pharisee?

Judas the Galilean

Who put the traditions in a book called the Mishnah?

Rabbi Judah the Patriarch

Which religious group was the most influential in Jesus' day?


When were the first scrolls found at Qumran?


Which religious group was most likely to use violence to advance their cause?


Apocalyptic emphases can be found in

all of the above

The small box of black leather worn on the forehead of Jewish men is called

a tephillin

Which group had the least political significance in Palestine?

Am ha-Aretz

The phrase "it is written" as used as a reference to the Old Testament Scriptures means it

comes directly from God

Samaritans differed most from Jews in respect to

the designated place of worship

By Jesus' time the parts of the Old Testament that were acknowledged as Scripture were

law, prophets, and writings

LXX is the abbreviation for

the Septuagint

Greek translation of the Old Testament


Fourteen Greek books about religion and history of the Jews


These various works were classified by J. H. Charlesworth


A Latin Bible that separated canonical and noncanonical

Dead Sea Scrolls

The targums were written in


The Midrash is basically

an explanation of the Old Testament

Who was the author of the History of the Jewish War?


What is meant by the term kerygma

preached message

Approximately how many Old Testament prophecies about Jesus are recorded in the New Testament


The special material that Luke wanted to include in his Gospel had been obtained from

Mary, the mother of Jesus

To whom did Luke say, "Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us"?


Whose work includes the earliest description of the Gospels?

Justin Martyr

What is the date of Justin Martyr's description?

A.D. 155

At what time did critics seriously question the validity of biography in the Gospels?

a. 1920s

Which best describes the Gospels

biographical sermons

The primary purpose of the Gospels is to

call people to faith

Which does not provide an adequate reason for why the Gospels were written?

To have factual material to be used for the instruction of converts

What is the most important argument for believing that the Gospels are true?

They are supported by God's guidance

Until recent times the only question that had not been raised about the Gospel of Matthew was

whether Matthew was the author

The titles of the Gospels cannot be dated any later than

A.D. 125

The reasons some New Testament scholars give for Matthew not being the author of the Gospel of Matthew can best be said to be


New Testament critics suggest that the author of the Gospel of Matthew might be

Hellenistic Christian

Which is the least likely date for the writing of the Gospel of Matthew?

A.D. 110

Where is the Gospel of Matthew most likely to have been written?


What is the purpose of the Gospel of Matthew?

to present a life of Christ

To which place for the writing of the Gospel of Matthew does the Didache lend support?

Syrian Antioch

If a Sunday school teacher wanted to emphasize the kingdom using what Jesus himself had taught, which reference would he or she use?

Matthew 13:1-53

Matthew introduces Jesus as the son of


A major theme of the Gospel of Matthew is that

Jesus added Gentiles to the people of God

By including accounts about disease, demons, and destiny, Matthew was making a case for Jesus being

the supreme authority

Matthew recorded Jesus' teaching everywhere except

on highways

The Gospel of Matthew is the only Gospel that

mentions a church by name

The Gospel of Mark can best be described as

long short story

Why has the Gospel of Mark become the favorite Gospel today?

It is a valuable source of information about the life of Jesus

Whose testimony is of greatest importance in establishing the authorship of the Gospel of Mark?


What is the name of the bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia at the beginning of the second century


Mark's writing can be termed episodic because he

wrote down single points

The presbyter to whom Mark refers is most likely


Mark had to be dependent on other eyewitnesses for his information since he himself was personally not there to witness the events he recorded in his Gospel. Who is most likely to be the person on whom he relied?


Mark disappointed Paul because he

left and went back to Jerusalem on the first missionary journey

On what type of grounds is the denial of Mark's authorship of the Gospel of Mark by contemporary scholars based?


Which date is too late for the writing of the Gospel of Mark?

A.D. 70

What characteristic of the Gospel of Mark least points to Rome as the place where Mark wrote it?

There is a "Jewishness" about the Gospel of Mark

What is the central theme of the Gospel of Mark?

Jesus has a supernatural nature

Which prophet does Mark quote at the beginning of his Gospel


At which event in the life of Christ does the Gospel of Mark begin?

foretelling of Christ's coming

Where did Jesus say, "Your sins are forgiven"?


How did Peter respond after seeing the miracles Jesus performed

"You are the Son of God"

What was the emotional reaction of the disciples when Jesus calmed the storm in Mark 4:41?


When Jesus was transfigured, he talked with


Who did not recognize that Jesus was supernatural?

religious leaders

Mark demonstrates the importance of the death and resurrection of Jesus in the attention he gives it. Out of sixteen chapters, how many did he write that were devoted to the last week of Jesus' life?


Who made the statement at the Last Supper: "The Son of Man will go, just as it is written about him"?


What is the practice called when Jesus commanded those whom he healed not to disclose it?

messianic secret

Why did Jesus tell the disciples to be quiet about his messiahship?

because they didn't understand it

Luke wrote the Gospel of Luke to answers questions posed by a government official from


Which was not included in Luke's procedure for writing his Gospel?

evaluation of the materials by a group of early Christians

Whom does Luke address in Luke 1:3?


Which person of those who affirmed Luke's authorship of the Gospel of Luke was actually an opponent of the church?


Which is not one of the arguments critics use to support their case that the Gospel of Luke was written by someone other than Luke?

Luke's close friend, Paul, gives evidence that Luke did not write the Gospel of Luke

By profession Luke was

a physician

In which Prison Letter was Luke mentioned?


What other New Testament book was written as a joint project with the Gospel of Luke?


The Gospel of Luke was most likely written between

A.D. 50 and 60

In treating the topics about Jesus proclaiming salvation, calling his disciples, and fulfilling his destiny in Jerusalem, Luke is emphasizing

the work of Jesus

Luke traces Jesus' ancestry as far back as


Jesus' birth took place when Quirinius was governor of


Who said that Jesus was a light of revelation to the Gentiles?


When Jesus began his ministry in Nazareth, he read the passage that says:

The spirit of the Lord is on me

Luke's record of Jesus' treatment of women indicates that Jesus

acted as if women were of value

Luke made the point that Jesus' treatment of women was superior to the treatment given to them by

the rabbis

What warning did Jesus give about the Holy Spirit?

Consequences were grave if someone blasphemed the Holy Spirit

Matthew, Mark, and Luke contain similar stories, chronologies, and teachings. For this reason they are called


Approximately what percentage of the content of the Gospel of John is parallel to Matthew, Mark, and Luke


The geographical focus of Jesus' ministry as recorded in the Gospel of John is in and around


How does the content of John's Gospel relate to the content of Matthew, Mark, and Luke?

It supplements the content

While the Synoptic Gospels focus on a one-year ministry of Jesus, the Gospel of John focuses on a ministry of

three years

Who said that if everything Jesus did was recorded the world could not contain the volumes of books


Which critical scholar demonstrated his belief that John was not the author of the Gospel of John by not discussing the subject of authorship?


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