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10 terms

Chapter 5 Section 2

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Polis
the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.
Acropolis
a fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Monarchy
a government in which power is in the hands of a single person
Phalanx
a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Tyrant
in ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support
Helot
in the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land
Persian Wars
a series of wars in the fifth century B.C., in which Greek city-states battled the Persian Empire
Democracy
a government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives
Aritocracy
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Oligarchy
a government in which power is in the hands of a few people—especially one in which rule is based upon wealth