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the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.


a fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city


a government in which power is in the hands of a single person


a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields


in ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support


in the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land

Persian Wars

a series of wars in the fifth century B.C., in which Greek city-states battled the Persian Empire


a government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives


a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility


a government in which power is in the hands of a few people—especially one in which rule is based upon wealth

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