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Hagia Sophia, Byzantine; Nika riots; largest church in world; pendatives
1st burned down by____, significance, critical invention
Head of Collosal Statue of Constantine, Late Roman Empire; 1. Edict of Milan legalized Christianity 2. Established capital of Constantinople 3. Patronage of Christian Art; stylized, hair patterned, large starry eyes
Significance of ruler (3), characteristics
Basilicia Plan Church, Early Christian; shape symbolizes cross; clerestory (windows) and atrium (peristyle courtyard)
Symbolism, significant architectural characteristics
Theodora Mosaic, Byzantine; San Vitale in Ravenna Italy; mosaic; purple, court officials, imperial shoes
location, material, shows power how?
Four tetrarchs, Late Roman Empire; more stylized, huge starring eyes, armor and hand on sword, hand on shoulders
Byzantine; holds book of Judgement one hand, other hand raised in blessing, crucible nimbus, stylized clothes
Christ the Pantocrator; characteristics
Chin dynasty, near Xian near Mount Li; Chi Shi Huang Di; life size soldiers in parade formation
Terracotta Army; location, emperor, characteristics
Sarcophagus of Cerverteri; Etruscan; cinerary, holds ashes not flesh and ceramic not stone; very animated, archaic smile, patterned hair
Really a _____ because..., characteristics
Necropolis; Etruscan; tufa because soft below surface but hardens when touches air
material and benefits
Capitoline Wolf; Etruscan; brothers Romulus and Remus; founding of Rome
Depicts, represents which event?
Etruscan temple; Etruscan; mud brick, columns not fluted with Truscan order, portico, relatively larger interior space
different from Greek how?
Apollo of Veii; Etruscan; Archaic; stylized drapery, Archaic smile, clothed, patterned hair; made out of clay, movement, realism
Similar to Greek ______, characteristics, different from greek how?
Aulus Metellus; Republic; not idealized or heroic, simple toga, life size, Patrician family, bronze; position in society
characteristics; hand symbolizes
Temple of Portunus; Republic; Roman=Etruscan + Greek; portico, emphasize on entrance, more interior space, concrete, engaged columns
Typical ____ =____; characteristics
Veristic Portrait Bust; Republic; Greek naturalism with Hellenistic Realism; Roman Patricians; ancestor worship and funerary purpose
characteristics, depicts, use,
Villa of the Mysteries; Republic/Pompaii; two bacholer brothers devoted to cult; Dionysus; woman going through initiation
purpose; god; depicts
Augustus of Prima Porta; Empire; 1st emperor; pointing to give directions, wears armor, barefoot, idealized, weeping women on breastplate, holding septer; aeneas
significance; characteristics; reference to
Ara Pacis; Empire; show Augustus brings peace and make sacrifices; abundance, everyday life; no roof for smoke from sacrifices to rise
purpose, sculptures show ____ and depict ____, unique
Flavian Amphitheater; Empire; Domition of Flavian Family; 1. Arch and Arcades 2. rounded forms 3. concrete 4. public building 5. Greek columns 6. large interior space 7. Pilasters; 1. Win favor 2. Etruscan tradition 3. show power of roman empire through animal hunt, executions, and reenactment of battle
built by, typical of Roman Architecture (7), purposes (3)
Roman Empire; Egypt of Greeks; encaustic (painting with wax); coffin lids
Fayum Portraits; found in ____ of _____. technique; purpose
Roman Empire; stoic philosophy; Good Emperors; 1st equestrian statue
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius; philosophy, last of _____; Significance
Good Shepard; grapes and vines; doves; ornate figures; Noah and Jonah as types of Christs
Characteristics of Early Christian Art
Leo III; Iconoclasts vs Iconodules; Icons can be 2D and strongly conservative
Iconoclastic Controversy; caused by, two parties, final result
Roman Empire; dome and portico; huge interior space, concrete, oculus, walls thinner as go up, coffers reduce weight, lighter material higher up; Pediment with sculpture of Gods, huge bronze door, top of dome gilded, peristyle courtyard, marble on drum; Hadrian; oculus= eye of Jupiter, interior dome= heaven
Pantheon; style, characteristics, originally had, designed by; symbolism
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