33 terms

Unit 3 Final Set AP Art History

Hagia Sophia, Byzantine; Nika riots; largest church in world; pendatives
1st burned down by____, significance, critical invention
Head of Collosal Statue of Constantine, Late Roman Empire; 1. Edict of Milan legalized Christianity 2. Established capital of Constantinople 3. Patronage of Christian Art; stylized, hair patterned, large starry eyes
Significance of ruler (3), characteristics
Central Plan Church; Early Christian, dome symbolized heavens
Basilicia Plan Church, Early Christian; shape symbolizes cross; clerestory (windows) and atrium (peristyle courtyard)
Symbolism, significant architectural characteristics
Theodora Mosaic, Byzantine; San Vitale in Ravenna Italy; mosaic; purple, court officials, imperial shoes
location, material, shows power how?
San Vitale, Byzantine; Justinian and Theadora Mosaics
Four tetrarchs, Late Roman Empire; more stylized, huge starring eyes, armor and hand on sword, hand on shoulders
Byzantine; holds book of Judgement one hand, other hand raised in blessing, crucible nimbus, stylized clothes
Christ the Pantocrator; characteristics
Chin dynasty, near Xian near Mount Li; Chi Shi Huang Di; life size soldiers in parade formation
Terracotta Army; location, emperor, characteristics
Sarcophagus of Cerverteri; Etruscan; cinerary, holds ashes not flesh and ceramic not stone; very animated, archaic smile, patterned hair
Really a _____ because..., characteristics
Necropolis; Etruscan; tufa because soft below surface but hardens when touches air
material and benefits
Capitoline Wolf; Etruscan; brothers Romulus and Remus; founding of Rome
Depicts, represents which event?
Chimera; Etruscan; bronze; lion body, snake tail, goat head
material, animals depicted
Etruscan temple; Etruscan; mud brick, columns not fluted with Truscan order, portico, relatively larger interior space
different from Greek how?
Apollo of Veii; Etruscan; Archaic; stylized drapery, Archaic smile, clothed, patterned hair; made out of clay, movement, realism
Similar to Greek ______, characteristics, different from greek how?
Aulus Metellus; Republic; not idealized or heroic, simple toga, life size, Patrician family, bronze; position in society
characteristics; hand symbolizes
Temple of Portunus; Republic; Roman=Etruscan + Greek; portico, emphasize on entrance, more interior space, concrete, engaged columns
Typical ____ =____; characteristics
Veristic Portrait Bust; Republic; Greek naturalism with Hellenistic Realism; Roman Patricians; ancestor worship and funerary purpose
characteristics, depicts, use,
Villa of the Mysteries; Republic/Pompaii; two bacholer brothers devoted to cult; Dionysus; woman going through initiation
purpose; god; depicts
Augustus of Prima Porta; Empire; 1st emperor; pointing to give directions, wears armor, barefoot, idealized, weeping women on breastplate, holding septer; aeneas
significance; characteristics; reference to
Ara Pacis; Empire; show Augustus brings peace and make sacrifices; abundance, everyday life; no roof for smoke from sacrifices to rise
purpose, sculptures show ____ and depict ____, unique
Flavian Amphitheater; Empire; Domition of Flavian Family; 1. Arch and Arcades 2. rounded forms 3. concrete 4. public building 5. Greek columns 6. large interior space 7. Pilasters; 1. Win favor 2. Etruscan tradition 3. show power of roman empire through animal hunt, executions, and reenactment of battle
built by, typical of Roman Architecture (7), purposes (3)
Arch of Titus; Empire; Titus; crushing of the Jewish rebellion in Judea
built by, commemorates
Roman Empire/Pompeii; mosaic
Portrait of Julia Domilla; material
Roman Empire/Pompeii; most lifelike ever
Portrait of Terentius Neo; significance
Roman Empire; Egypt of Greeks; encaustic (painting with wax); coffin lids
Fayum Portraits; found in ____ of _____. technique; purpose
Roman Empire; stoic philosophy; Good Emperors; 1st equestrian statue
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius; philosophy, last of _____; Significance
Good Shepard; grapes and vines; doves; ornate figures; Noah and Jonah as types of Christs
Characteristics of Early Christian Art
Christian persecutions
Bust of Galarius; Galarius led
Leo III; Iconoclasts vs Iconodules; Icons can be 2D and strongly conservative
Iconoclastic Controversy; caused by, two parties, final result
Roman Empire/ Pompeii; mosaic
Battle of Issus, material
Roman Empire; dome and portico; huge interior space, concrete, oculus, walls thinner as go up, coffers reduce weight, lighter material higher up; Pediment with sculpture of Gods, huge bronze door, top of dome gilded, peristyle courtyard, marble on drum; Hadrian; oculus= eye of Jupiter, interior dome= heaven
Pantheon; style, characteristics, originally had, designed by; symbolism
Roman Empire; specific person, bleary eyed, detailed, wears lion skin cap and club
Bust of Commodus as Hercules; characteristics