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comes from march structure and is forerunner to jazz
each letter(strain) 16 bars unlike song form
harmonic unit composed of three to seven pitches, each spaced a third apart from the next one
the propulsive rhythmic intensity in a jazz performance defined, in part, by accented upbeats and an alternating eighth note
James P Johnson
"father of stride" "Harlem Strict"
wrote head arrangements
Carolina Shout and Charleston
thought to be the founder of Latin Jazz
played clarinet, trumpet, sac and was arranger and composer
music director for the Afro-Cubans band
wrote "Tanga" first Latin jazz tune
rhythmic section of Latin jazz band
Tumbadoras(Congas), Timbales, Maracas, Bongos, Guiro, Claves, cowbells, piano, bass
band leader that began mixing Jazz w/ Latin music beginning in 1947
His 1966 recording of "Latin Fire" is excellent
Fusion of Latin Jazz
Cuban Music and New Orl. music and cuban with early ragtime(influenced by Joplin
included coronet, trombode, tube(not only brass) and also wind(clarinet) and drums and behind was 2nd line of Dance (Mardi Gras)
trumpet as tune
every beat equal to a flat four
Frontline of Brass Band
primary instrument was the coronet
clarinet playing extras(embellishment
baseline was the trombone
best known musician in New Orleans
had a string and wind group
Replaced by Fred Kepler
Jazz in Chicago
prominence of saxophone
interest in trumpet and bango
use of susaphone(String base)\
first lady of blues(first record made by a African American singer which was Crazy Blues
Tricky Sam Nanton
Trombone player in Ellington's band who used special mutes and used growling technique
Not typical song form(AABA)
Popular with ellington
improvisation featuring soloists and head arrangements
Ellington as a composer
-played with tambors and ranges
-wrote for players -extended harmony -non traditional instrument
-messed with modes(major and minor) and clashing pitches
Joe King Oliver
coronet player, cornet player, used mutes, Louis Armstrong's mentor, formed theCreole Jazz Band (N.O style)
Jelly Roll Morton
piano, singer and dancer(Ragtime style w/blues feel)
first player to write tunes on paper "invented jazz"
Big Band Swing/Chicago Style?
block voicing(melody on top),use of riffs,
contrast of reed and brass
divided sections up
was an Kansas City jazz pianist, organist, bandleader(Kansas City 6), and composer.
-comping-doing the minimum
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