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137 terms

MUSC 145 Exam 1

intro to jazz
STUDY
PLAY
Charlie Patton
Delta Blues
Lestor Young
tenor Sax played with Basie
repesated the same note and was a model improviser
Jerry Mulligan
barry sax
Don Cheaton
trumpet
Colman Hawkins
tenor sax
stop time
section stops except the solo
Roy Eldridge
trumpet player
Bin Webster
tenor sax
Joe Williams
Jazz singer
Classic Blues Structure
12 bar
AAB
I IV I V I
Song form structure
AABA
32 bars to a chorus
(4 beats per bar)
Ragtime Structure
AABBACCDD(additive structure)
Duple meter
can be "divided" in two" bar structure
coda
concluding section of somg
3 big areas w/improvisation
chords
blues
song form
scales(modes)
ragtime
not improvisation
comes from march structure and is forerunner to jazz
each letter(strain) 16 bars unlike song form
Jelly Roll Morton's Band
Red Hot Peppers
Sidney Biche
Soprano Sax
Armstrong's Band
Hot 5(7)
Fatz Waller
1st house organ in Jazz
Marie Lou Williams
first jazz musician(piano) to play with a symphony orchestra
Art Tatum
Called Boogie
-great improviser
call-and-response
an alternating dialogue between individuals or groups
decrescendo
gradually softer
chord
harmonic unit composed of three to seven pitches, each spaced a third apart from the next one
measure or bar
the regular grouping of beats in a given meter (16 beats adds up to four measures)
syncopation
the accentuation of rhythms that ordinarily go unaccented
pitch
the "highness" or "lowness" of a sound sometimes called a note
swing
the propulsive rhythmic intensity in a jazz performance defined, in part, by accented upbeats and an alternating eighth note
melody
a linear succession of pitches that we hear as a coherent unit
scale
collection of pitches from which musicians draw to create melodies
octave
the interval of an eighth
harmony
simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches
key
central pitch
modulation
process of changing from one key another
mode
minor/major harmonic quality
consonance
state of harmonic rest
dissonance
a state of harmonic tension
tone color or timbre
distiguishing element of instruments
instrumentation
instruments chosen for a given performance
Hebie Jebies
first recording of skat
Paul Whiteman
viola player
mixed jazz and clasical together(symphonic jazz)
Gershwin
wrote rhapsody blues
Austen High Gang
began to see Chicago style and less improv
Vickies Spaldecca
coronet player
Cotton Club
segregated club that had a night radio broadcast
Stride
Left hand technique
Willie the Lion Smith
stride player
James P Johnson
"father of stride" "Harlem Strict"
wrote head arrangements
Swing
Carolina Shout and Charleston
piano roll
Jimmie Nancy
Most influential person in Boogie
Luxe Louis
boogie
Joe Tourene
shout singer
Latin Jazz
combines harmonic language of bebop and Latin Rhythms
Son music
Mixes African and Spanish Music
Juan Tizol
trombone player from Puerto Rico that wrote Ellinton
Bauza
thought to be the founder of Latin Jazz
played clarinet, trumpet, sac and was arranger and composer
music director for the Afro-Cubans band
wrote "Tanga" first Latin jazz tune
Machito
singer whose group Afro-Cubans were fisrt succesful Latin Jazz Band
rhythmic section of Latin jazz band
Tumbadoras(Congas), Timbales, Maracas, Bongos, Guiro, Claves, cowbells, piano, bass
Modal Jazz
based on one chord seen in Bauza's Tanga
Gillespie
wrote Afro-Cuban piece Manteca w/Pozo
fused w/Bauza
founder of Bebop
Stan Kenton
band leader that began mixing Jazz w/ Latin music beginning in 1947
His 1966 recording of "Latin Fire" is excellent
Cal Tjader
one of must successful West-Coast Latin Jazz musicians. (Drums, later vibes)
Fusion of Latin Jazz
Cuban Music and New Orl. music and cuban with early ragtime(influenced by Joplin
Alberto Socarras
first Jazz flute solo recorded
Clide
important in Latin Jazz
Chano Pozo
Cuban percussionist and first percussionist to record w/Jazz band
Brass band
included coronet, trombode, tube(not only brass) and also wind(clarinet) and drums and behind was 2nd line of Dance (Mardi Gras)
trumpet as tune
repetitive structure
every beat equal to a flat four
Frontline of Brass Band
primary instrument was the coronet
clarinet playing extras(embellishment
baseline was the trombone
Buddie Bolden
best known musician in New Orleans
coronet player
had a string and wind group
Replaced by Fred Kepler
Jazz in Chicago
swing
larger groups
prominence of saxophone
interest in trumpet and bango
use of susaphone(String base)\
solo improv
faster tempo
Ma Rainy
mother of blues
Mamie Smith
first lady of blues(first record made by a African American singer which was Crazy Blues
Bessie Smith
Empress of the blues
biggest name in blues recording and movies
First Jazz Record
One Step and Livery Stable Blues
Ervin Mills
music contractor
Buber Miley
Ellington's Growling trumpeter
Tricky Sam Nanton
Trombone player in Ellington's band who used special mutes and used growling technique
Hot Swing
Not typical song form(AABA)
Popular with ellington
improvisation featuring soloists and head arrangements
for listening
Sweet Swing
for dancing and social functions(riffs)
Ellington as a composer
-played with tambors and ranges
-wrote for players -extended harmony -non traditional instrument
-messed with modes(major and minor) and clashing pitches
Joe King Oliver
coronet player, cornet player, used mutes, Louis Armstrong's mentor, formed theCreole Jazz Band (N.O style)
Lil' Hardin
Creole Jazz Band's pianist; married Armstrong, composer as well
Clarence Williams
soprano sax (N.O style)
Sidney Biche
clarinet and soprano sax...shot somebody
Jelly Roll Morton
piano, singer and dancer(Ragtime style w/blues feel)
first player to write tunes on paper "invented jazz"
rhondo form
ABACA
Fletcher Henderson
Big Band Swing/Chicago Style?
block voicing(melody on top),use of riffs,
contrast of reed and brass
divided sections up
Kansas City Swing
good improv
-blues structure lots of choruses
-riffs
Count Basie
was an Kansas City jazz pianist, organist, bandleader(Kansas City 6), and composer.
-comping-doing the minimum
-riffs
Roso ballroom
Kansas City Six
Count Basie's recording unit
Freddie Green
rhythm guitar(replaced banjo) player
Buc Clayton
trumpet player who wrote out head arrangements for Count Basie.(songform)
Herschel Evans
Tenor saxoponist played old style with Lester Young
Head
tune at the beginning
sweet
INDIVIDUAL collection of tunes with a subject
Shiwasaree
used to describe complex art work
Pentatonic scale
scale with five notes (traditional chinese scale)
diduadoo
involved circular breathing and was a wood instrument
Benny Goodman
clarinet played jazz and classical
"king of swing" for a while
Arnie Shaw
new king of jazz and was a clarinet
Krupa
drummer in "China Boys"
Ray noble
piano and successful english band leader
Glen Miller
trombone player in Ray Noble's band. Sweet band leader
Claude Thornhill
Piano Player
Charlie Barnet
tenor sax played a tune written by Ray
I Got rhythym
rhythm "chord" changes from Gershwin's piece
Mississippi Fred McDowell
Soon One Mornin
J.Rushing
Brussels Blues
Billie Holiday
Fine and Mellow
Joe Williams
Goin to Chicago
Ernie Andrews
She's Gotta Go
Joe Williams
Sawmill Blues
Wynonie Harris
Good Rockin' Tonight
Goodman
Body and Soul
Jimmy Rushing
Some of these days
bunk Johnson
Didnt He Ramble
Bessie Smith
Back Water Blues
Oliver
Chimes
Clarence Williams
WIld Cat Blues
Morton
Wolverine Blues
James P Johnson
You've got to be Modernistic
Fats Waller
After You're Gone
Luxe Lewis
Honky Tonk Train
Big Joe Turner
Rebecca
Marie Lou Williams
Roll 'Em
Henderson
Sugar Foot Stomp
Henderson
Hotter than Ell
Jimmy Lunceford
For Dancers Only
Moten
Moten Swing
Basie
Jumpin' at the Woodside
Basie
Corner Pocket
April in Paris
Young
D.b. Blues
I've Found a New Baby
Drum Boogie
Goodman
King Porter Stomp
Sing, Sing, Sing
Rose Room
Miller
In the mood
Krupa
Drum Boogie
Krupa/Eldridge
After you're Gone
christian
i found a new baby

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