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Government Test 2
Terms in this set (52)
The candidate who wins a particular state receives all of the state's Electoral College votes
The percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballotinna given election
Veto (presidential veto)
The power of a president to preventna bill passed by both house of congress from becoming law. Presidential vetoed can only be overridden by a two-thirds vote of both chambers, which is rare
The right of all adult citizens to vote
Latin for "let the decision stand"; the process of deciding case based largely on previous judicial decisions
Agencies that indirectly serve the public by providing support and advice to line agencies.
An important criterion in selecting committee leadership; the longer members of congress have been in office, the more senior they are, and the greater likelihood that they will be selected to chair a committee
The process by which agencies create regulations that have the force of law
Rule of Four
If four or more Supreme Court justices want to hear a case, it is put on the court's docket
Agencies established to issue regulations or rule that have the force of law
Election in which voters go to the polls to choose the nominee for a political party
Police-patrol versus fire-alarm oversight
A distinction between two forms of congressional oversight of the bureaucracy. In police-patrol oversight, Congress patrols for violations of congressional preferences in setting like hearings. In fire-alarm oversight, legislators respond to complaints from groups and individuals about agency actions.
This phrase refers to the notion that in order to govern successfully, modern presidents must campaign continually while in office
The practice of handing out governments jobs on the basis of political loyalty rather than objective measures of expertise or experience
A formal written statement of political party's position on those key issued that it deems most important.
Elections in which all registered voters can decide on the day of the election in which party's election they will participate.
Election that occur midway through a president's term (nonpresidential election years).
A system in which an individual must show competence to be hired and under which they can only be fired for cause (not political party affiliation).
The process of amending or changing a bill
Judicial findings that reflect the view of the majority of the justice on the outcome of the appeal.
A bargaining strategy in which one member of Congress agrees to support another member's bill in exchange for their support on some other piece of legislation.
The authority of a court to hear and decide a case.
The authority of a court to invalidate actions of other governmental actors, if these actions are in violation of the nation's constitution.
Role adopted by a judge who see his or her job as limited to making only those decision that are essential to a resolution of the conflict before the court.
Role adopted by a judge who is willing to use his or her authority to influence public policy, especially to protect rights established in the U.S. constitution.
A candidate for office who currently holds the seat. Elected government official currently holding the seat.
Article II, section 4, gives this power to the House of Representatives. The power to impeach is analogous to the power of indictment exercised by a grand jury. In order to be removed from office, the president must be convicted by the Senate.
A process by which Cabinet appointees' sympathies and identification over time flow more to the agency they manage than to the president who appointed them.
Refers to the way house districts across the country are drawn in such a way that a disproportionate number of voters in the district are registered voters in the incumbent's party.
A delaying tactic employed to tie up the Senate until the majority decides to pull a bill from consideration on the Senate floor.
A lawsuit related to federal law, the U.S. Constitution, or treaties.
Administrative directives drawn from the president's formal discretionary powers, which have the force of law and can direct the actions of executive branch officials. In some cases, these orders may serve to implement legislation passed by congress.
Executive Office of the President
A conglomeration of offices meant to directly assist the president in managing the executive branch.
A slate of electors within each of the 50 state and the District of Columbia that cast the ultimate vote for president on behalf of voters.
The process by which voters select people to represent them in office.
An opinion written by a judge who differs with his or her colleagues on the outcome.
The largest units of bureaucratic organization.
a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes
The people whom elected officials represent.
Ad hoc committees created to reconcile differing versions of a single piece of legislation that has been passed on the floor of each chamber.
An opinion written by a justice that agree with the outcome but whose reasoning differs.
Commander in chief
The president is the ultimate civilian commander of all the U.S. armed forces, and thus he is able to authorize use and deployment of military forces in combat or peacemaking roles.
A vote in the Senate that brings an end to debate. Senate rules require three-fifth of the Senate (60 members) to invoke cloture.
Elections in which only party members can participate.
An agency that serves a particular industry, group, or constituency.
A system of government employment based on merit in which employees cannot be fired without legitimate cause related to job performance. Also, government employees (except those in the military).
An attempt by a candidate to gain the support of backers and voters to help win election to political office.
The various administrative departments of the federal government.
The informal designation of the group who are the head of the major departments in the federal government.
A complex system of origination that employs standardized rules, procedures, communication, and organizational controls for achieving public good.
Courts in the middle tier of the federal court system. These courts have jurisdiction to hear any case appealed from the lower federal (or district) courts.
Amicus curiae (friend of the court) brief-
Brief filed with an appellate court by a person or organization that is not a party to the case but that wishes to bring information on the conflict to the court's attention.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
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