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In the late 19th century, the way Americans thought was transformed by _____________


The Morrill Act land-grant university system was _____ from the start.

focused on social activities, fraternities, and organized athletics with winning teams

Because of the increase in both the number of college graduates and the influence of alumni, in the late 19th century American higher education was increasingly

John Dewey

The educator ____ insisted that education was the fundamental method of social progress.


The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was

mere animals in a merciless Darwinian world.

The late nineteenth-century naturalist writers, such as Stephen Crane, portrayed humans as

William James

The most influential philosopher of his times and the main exponent of pragmatism was

the ends justified the means.

One of the problems with pragmatism was that it seemed to suggest that

serious, conservative articles.

Harper's, The Century, and Atlantic Monthly were all magazines specializing in

largely unchallenged even today.

According to the "Debating the Past: Did the Frontier Engender Individualism and Democracy?" section of the textbook, Turner's frontier thesis remains

post-Civil War sectional tensions.

The "bloody shirt" issue of the Gilded Age refers to

destroy the political parties.

Politicians responded to the demand for civil service reform in this way: both Democrats and Republicans insisted it would

sought civil service reform

The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who

Plessy v. Ferguson.

The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in

Big-city bosses

___________ inadvertently played a major part in Americanizing the immigrants.

Farmers Alliance

The earlier group from which the Populist movement emerged was the

victimized majority betrayed by the establishment

The Populist Party members saw themselves as a

Jacob Coxey

The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D. C. in 1894 was

William Jennings Bryan

_________ discarded tradition in 1896 by traveling throughout the country giving hundreds of speeches.

Marcus Hanna

McKinley's campaign manager, ________ blanketed the country with campaign literature.


According to the textbook, the ________ were never a single group seeking a single objective.

change faulty institutions

Progressive reformers tended to believe that the solution to social problems was to


The banner "progressive" state during the early years of the twentieth century was

the South.

According to the map "Woman Suffrage", most states that did not have woman suffrage by 1914 and opposed the Nineteenth Amendment in the House of Representatives were in

Seventeenth Amendment

An example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the___________ which required the popular election of senators.

Theodore Roosevelt.

The first progressive president and advocate of the "Square Deal" was

lack of physical and mental stamina.

William Howard Taft's major liability as president was his

the Progressives

In 1912 the breakup of the Republican Party produced an independent third party, _________, led by Theodore Roosevelt.

W. E. B. DuBois.

One of the most prominent black militants of the progressive era was


This statement about the Progressives' reaction to black militancy is correct/incorrect: "Wilson was actively hostile to blacks."

The topic was Alaska.

"His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias agrees to cede to the United States, . . . all the territory and dominion now possessed by his said Majesty on the continent of America and in the adjacent islands . . ."

Alfred Thayer Mahan

_______ argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful navy.

annex the Hawaiian Islands.

From 1893 to 1898, American expansionists tried to

independence of Cuba.

The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the

reluctantly and hesitantly sent Congress a war message.

Faced with public clamor for war with Spain, McKinley refused to panic, but

devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines.

In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey

The "Open Door" policy

________ attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of China.

prevent Colombia from subduing the revolution.

When Panama revolted against Colombia, Roosevelt ordered the cruiser Nashville to Panama to

"dollar diplomacy".

President William Howard Taft called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them

self-defeating because it was not supported by the local people.

The textbook described the American foreign policy of trying to penetrate underdeveloped areas economically without the problems of governing them as

invaded Mexico to capture "Pancho" Villa.

In 1916, United States troops, commanded by General John J. Pershing,

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The Great War was precipitated by the assassination of the _________, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.

shocked and outraged

Most Americans were ____________ when the British liner Lusitania was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.

the country was poorly prepared.

When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view,

rose dramatically.

Farm income during the Great War

George Creel.

The head of the Committee on Public Information, which portrayed Germany as determined to dominate the world, was

southern blacks to northern cities.

The Great War triggered a major movement of

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