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Vocabulary for Chapter 1 Quiz (Magruder's American Government Text 2007)


The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies

public policy

All those things a government decides to do

legislative power

The power to make law and frame public policy

executive power

The power to execute, enforce, and administer law

judicial power

The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society


The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government


A form of government in which a single person or a small group has absolute power and authority


A form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people


A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without consent of any higher authority


Having supreme power within its own territory; neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority


A government in which a single person holds unlimited political power


A government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite


All powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency


A form of government in which the powers are divided between a central government and several local governments


An alliance of independent states


A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate, independent, and coequal


A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of a prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet


An adjustment of opposing principles or systems by modifying some aspect of each

mixed economy

An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion

free enterprise

An economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; and determined in a free market

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