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83 terms

A&P Exam 2

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Which is true about bone? A. bone tissue is one of the 4 basic tissue types B. bone tissue is a type of connective tissue C. all bones in the body begin as cartilage models D. the bones in the body usually are made completely of spongy bone or completely of compact bone
B. bone tissue is a type of connective tissue
Which is true when the activity of osteoblasts predominates over osteoclast activity during bone remodeling? A. the bone becomes stronger and more massive B. the bone becomes weaker and less dense C. bone deposit is equal to bone resorption
A. the bone becomes stronger and more massive
Which is true about the roofing bones of the skull? A. only the parietal bones are considered roofing bones B. are joined together at joints known as symphyses C. all the cranial bones are considered roofing bones D. are formed by intramembranous ossification
D. are formed by intramembranous ossification
The thin beams of bone that give structural support in spongy bone are A. canaliculi B. trabeculae C. lacunae D. osteons
B. trabeculae
The medullary cavity of a long bone A. may be filled with bone marrow B. is filled with spongy bone C. remains the same width as the bone lengthens D. is located in the epiphyses
A. may be filled with bone marrow
The epiphyseal plates in a child's long bones are made of A. hyaline cartilage B. elastic cartilage C. fibrocartilage
A. hyaline cartilage
Osteoclasts A. produce the cartilage models from which bones form B. are mature bone cells embedded in lacunae C. secrete enzymes that break down the protein matrix of bone D. become osteoblasts when bone repair and growth is needed
C. secrete enzymes that break down the protein matrix of bone
Which is true about osteons? A. are tiny pillars made of concentric cylinders of bone matrix B. are found in compact bone but not in spongy bone C. each osteon has a central (Haversian) canal down its center that carries blood vessels D. all of the above
D. all of the above
The pectoral and pelvic girdles are A. part of the appendicular skeleton B. part of the axial skeleton C. none of the above
A. part of the appendicular skeleton
The sphenoid bone A. forms the posterior part of the hard palate B. has the cribriform plates through which the olfactory nerves pass C. has the sella turcica which supports the pituitary gland D. articulates with all of the cranial and facial bones in the skull
C. has the sella turcica which supports the pituitary gland
Which is a feature of the temporal bone? A. external acoustic meatus B. zygomatic process C. mastoid process D. all of the above E. only A and B are correct
D. all of the above
carpals and tarsals are which type of bone
short bone
this type of bone is made of 2 layers of spongy bone sandwiched in between
flat bone
has a diaphysis and epiphysis
long bone
the parietal bones are this type of bone
flat bone
the vertebrae are this type of bone
irregular bone
true or false osteoid is the organic matrix of bone and has abundant collagen fibers
true
true or false tilting the head down so the chin moves toward the ches is a hyperextension of the neck
false
true or false the hyoid bone attaches to several muscles but does not articulate with any other bones
true
true or false rib pairs 1-7 are considered "true" ribs because they articulate with the thoracic vertebrae
false
true or false the ulna is the medial bone of the forearm when you are in the anatomical position
true
the foramen magnum appears on which bone
occipital bone
the manubrium appears on which bone
sternum
the glenoid cavity relates to which bone
scapula
the acetabulum appears on which bone
pelvic (coxal) bone
the olecranon fossa appears on which bone
humerus
an opening through which blood vessels pass is a
foramen
shallow depression in bone
fossa
blunt process for muscle attachment
tuberosity
rounded articular projection
condyle
feature located on the temporal bone that helps form the temporomandibular joint
fossa
feature located on the occipital bone that helps form the atlanto-occipital joint
condyle
A joint that only allows flexion and extension is most likely to be a A. hinge joint B. condyloid joint C. gliding joint D. ball and socket joint
A. hinge joint
Which is true about the articulations between vertebrae? A. the joint formed by an intervertebral disc and the bodies of adjacent vertebrae is a symphysis B. the joint formed by the articular processes of adjacent vertebrae is a synovial joint C. the articular processes of adjacent vertebrae move past each other via gliding movements D. all of the above
all of the above
Which is true about synovial joints? A. they are usually immovable or only slightly movable B. the outermost fibrous capsule is composed of hyaline cartilage C. the synovial membrane produces a lubricating fluid that fills the joint cavity D. the only synovial joints in the body are the shoulder and hip joints
C. the synovial membrane produces a lubricating fluid that fills the joint cavity
joint that is movement between the dens and the atlas
rotation
movement that increases the angle at a joint
extension
upward movement of the foot so the toes approach the shin
dorsiflexion
movement of the upper limb away from the midline of the body
abduction
movement of the thumb that allows it to touch the other fingers
opposition
Which movements are possible for the knuckle joints of the hand? A. flexion B. circumduction C. adduction D. all of the above
D. all of the above
When the radius and ulna are parallel to each other, then the forearm is A. supinated B. pronated
A. supinated
Which is a synovial joint? A. knee joint B. a suture C. pubic symphysis D. all of the above
A. knee joint
Which movements are possible at the temporomandibular joint? A. elevation and depression B. protraction and retraction C. angular movements D. all of the above
D. all of the above
Each of the following bones is part of the pelvic girdle, except the:

femur.
pubis.
ilium.
ischium.
coxa.
femur
Mary fractured her pisiform bone in a fall. What part of her body was injured?

Forearm
Wrist
Shoulder
Hand
Upper arm
wrist
Sinuses are found in all of the following bones, except the:

maxillary.
mandible.
ethmoid.
mastoid.
fronta
mandible
The eleventh and twelfth ribs are called floating ribs because they lack:

a vertebral attachment anteriorly.
a posterior attachment to thoracic vertebrae.
a vertebral attachment posteriorly.
an anterior attachment to lumbar vertebrae.
an anterior attachment to the sternum.
an anterior attachment to the sternum.
The foramen magnum would be found in the ______ bone.

frontal
temporal
sphenoid
occipital
parietal
occipital
The olecranon process would be found on the:

humerus.
tibia.
femur.
ulna.
radius.
ulna
What would you find located in the lacrimal fossa?

The frontal sinus
The ramus of the mandible
The lacrimal sac
The inner ear
The pituitary gland
the lacrimal sac
When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the:

cuboid and cuneiforms.
talus and cuneiforms.
calcaneus and cuneiforms.
talus and calcaneus.
calcaneus and cuboid
talus and calcaneus
Which of the following bones would most likely be involved in surgery to remove a tumor on the pituitary gland?

The styloid process of the temporal bone
The parietal bone
The zygomatic process of the temporal bone
The sella turcica of the sphenoid bone
The cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone
The sella turcica of the sphenoid bone
Which of the following is NOT a part of the axial division of the skeletal system?

Hyoid bone
Vertebral column
Skull
Pectoral girdle
Auditory ossicles
Pectoral girdle
Which of the following is the heel bone?

Navicular
Calcaneus
Patella
Cuboid
Talus
Calcaneus
The crista galli is a projection from which bone?

Sphenoid
Temporal
Frontal
Ethmoid
Ethmoid
At its distal end the femur articulates with the:

fibula.
tibia and fibula.
tibia.
acetabulum.
tibia.
A common injury in the winter is a fall in which someone hits the back of his or her head on the ice. What bone is most likely to be involved in this type of fall?

Zygomatic
Temporal
Occipital
Fronta
Occipital
How many regions of the vertebral column are there?

Three
Four
Six
Five
five
Sutures connect all the bones of the skull, except the:

vomer.
mandible.
nasal bone.
maxilla
mandible.
The "calvaria" of the skull is another name for the:

cranial vault.
anterior cranial fossa.
cranial cavity.
cranial base
cranial vault.
The frontal sinuses are located:

above the frontal squama.
below the supraorbital margins.
medial to the nasal bone.
lateral to the glabella.
lateral to the glabella
Which of the following cranial bones receive the condyle of the mandible?

The sphenoid bone
The maxilla
The zygomatic bone
the temporal bone
the temporal bone
Which of the following sinuses is in high risk of infection spreading from the middle ear?

The mastoid sinuses
The frontal sinuses
The sphenoid sinuses
The ethmoid sinuses
The mastoid sinuses
Which of the following sutures is most likely to contain sutural bones?

The coronal suture
The sagittal suture
The lambdoid suture
The squamosal suture
The lambdoid suture
Where would a dentist inject lidocaine to prevent pain in the lower teeth?

The mandibular foramen
The mental formina
The temporomandibular joint
The mandibular condyle
The mandibular foramen
In a(n) ____________ the vertebral column is formed from 33 separate bones.

teenager
Adult
child over the age of six
fetus
fetus
Which of the following spinal deformities is quite common during late childhood in females?

Scoliosis
Spinal fusion
Lordosis
spina bifida
Scoliosis
C7 is referred to as the "vertebra prominens" because:

it has no intervertebral disc between it and the next vertebra.
its spine is not bifid.
it is larger than the other cervical vertebrae.
its spinous process can be seen through the skin.
its spinous process can be seen through the skin.
The pectoral girdle does not quite satisfy the features of a true girdle because:

the socket of the shoulder joint is shallow.
anteriorly the medial ends of the clavicle join the sternum.
laterally the clavicle articulates with the scapula.
posteriorly the medial ends of the scapulae do not join each other.
posteriorly the medial ends of the scapulae do not join each other.
The jugular notch on the sternum is:

opposite the ninth thoracic vertebra.
a handy point for finding the second rib; this is useful when counting the ribs during clinical procedures.
in line with the second and third thoracic vertebra where the left common carotid artery is issued from the aorta.
a cartilaginous joint that acts as a hinge during respiration.
in line with the second and third thoracic vertebra where the left common carotid
artery is issued from the aorta.
When a person attempts to break their fall with an outstretched hand, they often wind up with ________.

a Colles' fracture.
carpal tunnel syndrome.
a dislocated shoulder.
a greenstick fracture.
a Colles' fracture
All of the following could lead to "flat feet," except:

wearing shoes with arch support.
running on hard surfaces.
obesity.
standing for long periods of time
wearing shoes with arch support.
Which of the following is the most common congenital abnormality of the appendicular skeleton?

Dislocation of the shoulder
Cleft Palate
Dysplasia of the hip
Abnormal curvature of the spine
Dysplasia of the hip
Which of the following is classified as a fibrous joint?

Pivot
Gomphosis
Synchondrosis
Symphysis
Gomphosis
All joints of the limbs are classified as _________ joints.

synovial
cartilaginous
fibrous
immovable
synovial
Muscle tone is a natural contributor to joint stability.
True
False
t
The role of synovial fluid is to:

lubricate joints.
reinforce the ligaments of a joint.
strengthen joints.
form the synovial membrane.
lubricate joints.
lattened fibrous sacs that reduce friction between adjacent structures are called:

tendon sheaths.
bursae.
fatty pads.
ligamen
bursae.
The term "nonaxial movement" means:

slipping movements only.
no movement.
movement in one plane.
movement in or around three planes.
slipping movements only.
Extension is the reverse of flexion.
True
False
True
__________refers to movement of the radius around the ulna when the palms of the hands are rotated so that the palms are facing upward.

Supination
Pronation
Circumduction
Abduction
Supination
Shrugging one's shoulders primarily involves:

elevation and depression.
inversion and eversion.
oppositional movements.
dorsifexion and plantar flexion.
protraction and retraction.
elevation and depression