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Terms in this set (17)
One of two Spartan kings. He led 300 of his personal body guards to fight the Persians at Thermopylae.
Leader of the Athenian military. He is given credit for organizing the Greek victories at Salamis and Platea
Son of Darius and emperor of the Persians. He invades Greece seeking to avenge his father's loss at Marathon 10 years earlier.
Emperor of the Persians during the 1st Persian war. He is embarrassed by the loss at Marathon. He later dies before he can get his revenge.
Persian emperor that helps rebuild the temple of Jerusalem, grows his empire to to be the largest the world has ever seen, and build a system of roads that connected the vast empire.
Narrow mountain pass where the 300 Spartans and 7,000 Greek troops fought the much larger Persian army. The Greeks were able to stall the Persians here for 2 days before being annihilated.
Location of the Athenian victory in the 1st Persian War. It was from her that Pheidippides started his epic 25 miles run to Athens
Location of a great naval battle, where the united Greek forces defeated the Persians. Between the narrow shores the smaller, lighter ships of the Greeks were able to out maneuver the larger, heavier Persian ships
Famous runner who ran from Athen s to Sparta then back. He is most famous for his 25 mile run from marathon to Athens where he collapsed and died from extreme exhaustion
Narrow water passage connecting the Aegean and Black Seas. It was here that Xerxes had his soldiers whip the sea after Poseidon destroyed his pontoon bridge (floating bridge made of ships).
The brief alliance of Greek city-states, lead by Athens, for the purpose of continuing to fight Persia and defend all of Greece.
The number of Spartans that defended the mountain pass at Thermopylae. They were the King Leonidas' personal body guard.
Fortune tellers, the givers of prophecy who communicated with the gods...Sparta received a message saying this was not the right time for a war.
Destruction of Athens
After the 300 Spartans were defeated the Persians marched to Athens to find it was abandoned and they destroyed the temples, & statues, then burned the city to the ground.
A satyr and Greek god. As legend says he aided the Athenians at the battle of Marathon by giving them a plan to defeat the larger Persian army and helping to create panic and pandemonium.
2 Persian Messengers
Sent to Athens and Sparta to collect symbols of their surrender. One was thrown into a pit and the other a well.
Not the running shoe...bu the the Greek goddess of victory. Pheidippides ran to Athens after the battle of Marathon and proclaimed victory in honor of Nike before dying of exhaustion.
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Ancient Greek Theater
Ancient Greek Philosophers
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