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How did FDR reassure Americans?
He gave speeches through the radio; He was a confident, inspiring speaker
Why did some people believe women shouldn't work for the war effort?
They can't learn to work machines and were a distraction to the men at work
Why did so many women begin to work for the war? How many women worked?
Men were off at war; 19 million
What are some ways all Americans (not just soldiers) contributed to the war effort?
Donating material and rationing; buying war bonds
How did the government use propaganda to their benefit? What did they make everyone believe?
They used posters, radios, and war movies; they made everyone believe the Japanese were evil spies
What happened to Japanese-Americans after Pearl Harbor? Why?
They were removed and relocated; they were thought to be spies
How did families/citizens first view the war?
They thought it was going great; they didn't take it seriously
Why was the invasion of Normandy so critical to the war?
It was the beginning of the end of the war with Germany
Why was his death so devastating to the American people?
He helped rebuild America; he led us through the 2 greatest crises in American history
How would you describe America before our entrance into WWII and once it was over?
We were excited about the war at first, but then we realized how bad it really was; We lost our pre-war naivete
What did the minorities in America have to say about fighting in the war?
"Why fight for a foreign country to have democracy when we don't even have it here?"
What was the WPA and what did it do?
War Protection Board; shut down all industry to produce tanks, planes, boats, and command cars
What happened in the work force when WWII started?
Women and minorities were hired for the work force
What were some of the economic gains during WWII?
The war effort allowed workers to save money and invest in war bonds, and crop production increased by 50%
Name some social adjustments caused by WWII?
Families were restructured, marriage licenses went up 300%, and the "Baby Boomers" generation was born
What 3 minorities were mainly discriminated against?
African and Mexican Americans, and the Japanese
How did FDR justify the sending of Japanese to internment camps?
He said it was "necessary for national security"
Which war was the turning point for the Allies? Why?
Battle of Stalingrad; Soviets defeat the Germans and move Westward
How was Dwight D. Eisenhower involved the the war in Europe?
He was the general of the United States Army
Why was it called the Battle of the Bulge?
Hitler attempted to break through American defenses with tanks, forming a bulge in the lines
What did the Germans think would happen during the Invasion of Normandy?
They expected an attack on the port of Calais
What is the Invasion of Normandy known for?
The Largest land/sea/air operation in American army history
Why did we succeed at the Invasion of Normandy?
Because of the military's ability to deliver so many men to the invasion point at the same time through ships across the English channel
What did Hitler say about the war?
He blamed the Jews for starting it and his generals for not winning it
What was distinctive about the Battle of Coral Sea?
It was the first time since Pearl Harbor that a Japanese invasion had been stopped
What did the Japanese say about the Battle of Midway?
It was the "avenge of Pearl Harbor" (this was before the atomic bomb)
What were the American losses in Iwo Jima?
Greatest number of losses in the Pacific until Okinawa (6,000 marines)
What did Truman tell Japan before the atomic bomb was dropped?
They faced "prompt and utter destruction" if they didn't surrender (he didn't actually tell them about the atomic bomb)
August 6: the atomic bomb was dropped on _____________. The bomb was nicknamed what?
Hiroshima; "Little Boy"
August 9: the atomic bomb was dropped on ___________. The bomb was nicknamed what?
Nagasaki; "Fat Man'
What was the Yalta Conference?
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin (The Big Three) met in the Soviet Union for 8 days
What was agreed upon at the Yalta Conference?
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin would temporarily divide Germany into 4 parts
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