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46 terms

English II Poetry Terms

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tone
emotional spin a poet puts on his words; the edge or attitude in the voice of the poem
octave
an eight line stanza
villanelle
a poetic form with 19 lines, consisting of 5 tercets and a quatrain
ars poetica
a poem that explores or presents the poet's views of what poetry is or how one should write it
caesura
a pause or break in the middle of a line
meter
rythmic measure of a line or verse
narrative poem
poem that tells a story
foot
unit of measure in a metrical line
haiku
japanese poetic form consisting of 3 short lines in which the first and last have 5 syllables and the middle has 7
image
mental picture
couplet
a pair of rhymed lines
lament/elegy
poem for someone who has died
theme
a poem's attitude towards its subject
stanza
group of lines gathered together as a unit
quatrain
4-line stanza
sensory language
language that appeals to the 5 senses
slant rhyme
also called approximate rhyme: rhyme that neither looks nor sounds exact
prosody
the study of sound and rhythm in poetry
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
cadence
rising and falling of spoken language
iambic pentameter
a line containing 5 feet in which an unstressed syllable is always followed by a stress
free verse
unmetrical verse: lines that are not measured or counted for the number of accents or syllables; lines that are free of meter
metonymy
figure of speech in which a thing is represented by something closely associated with it like "the White House" to represent the president of the US
epigram
a short pithy comic or satirical poem
cinquain
a 5-line stanza
anaphora
rhetorical device in which several successive lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences begin with the same word or phrase
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds
denotation
dictionary definition of the words
connotation
suggested meaning of the words
enjambment
a line whose sense and rythmic movement continues to the next line
figurative language
language that uses figures of speech such as simile and metaphor to compare one thing to another
found poem
text discovered in some nonpoetic setting (such as ads), removed from its contexts and presented as a poem
voice
speaker of the poem: not necessarily the poet
stichic
poetry in a single block of lines, not divided into stanzas
onomatopoeia
the use of a words that imitates the sound of what the word means like splat, sizzle, and buzz
simile
a comparison that uses a linking word (such as: like or as) to make the likeness clear. similar to metaphor, but a metaphor does not use linking words
tercet
any stanza of 3 lines
symbol
an image that radiates meanings which may be hard to express in other words but can be felt
emblematic verse
also called calligramme or concrete poem: a poem in which the words or letters form a typographical picture, either imitating how something looks or suggesting what the subject does
epic
a long narrative poem that tells a story central to the myths and beliefs of a people (Homer's "The Odyssey")
synechdoche
figure of speech in which a part of something indicates the whole (think "nech" as part of the body) such as "talking head" for television commentator ir "mouthpiece" for lawyer
sonnet
14 line poem (about) usually rhymed, usually iambic pentameter, often presenting an argument and perhaps a romantic plea
oxymoron
an expression that combines opposite and contradictory qualities, seemingly nonsensical but capturing some psychological or emotional extreme of ambivalence
epitaph
(think what's written on one's grave) verses that commemorate a person or group of people who have died
scansion
the marking of a poem to note stressed/unstressed syllables, feet, and pauses
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter