144 terms

Honors English II Review-Peters

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STUDY
PLAY
Novel
A work of prose fiction of at least 50,000 words; 180pgs. = Novel; 100pgs = Novelette or Novella;
Genre
French word; type or Category of literature; Ex - Play, Mystery, Sci. Fiction, Romance
Flat Character
One dimensional character, often stereotypical, useful for minor roles; Ex - The Nerd, Bully, athlete, preppy, Goth, outcast; The Villian; The Stern Nun; The Jock
Gaston in Beauty and the Beast, Scar in the Lion King, Ginger in Gilligan
Flat Character Examples
Round Characters
3 dimensional characters, capable of surprising the reader, complex and complicated
Round Character Examples
Romeo, Juliet, Scout from to Kill a Mockingbird
Static Characters
Characters that don't change, Flat characters, thus, are also static, Round characters may or may not be static
Cinderella's Step Mother
Static Character Examples
Dynamic Characters
Characters that change throughout the novel
Jem and Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird; Darth Vader over the course of the first three movies which are now 4-6
Dynamic Character Examples
Plot
The sequence of events in a story with an emphasis on cause and effect
Plot asks why, Story asks what next; Plot links events with causality; Story just events in a sequence
Plot vs. Story
Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Denouement or Resolution
Elements of Plot
Exposition
Introduction of the protagonist and antagonist, Introduction of the conflict, Setting, Background information presented
Protagonist
Main Character, may or may not be a hero
Child who becomes dart Vader; Harry in Harry Potter;
Protagonist Examples
Antagonist
Character or force in opposition to the protagonist
Voldemort or Snape in Harry Potter; The Wicked Witch of the West;
Antagonist Examples
Foils
Contrasting characters; ex - Montague and Capulet; Nurse and Fryer Laurence (Romeo & Juliet); Jacob and Edward (Twilight)
Conflict
The Problem;
Human vs. Human, Human vs. Self, Human vs. Nature, Human vs. God, Human vs. Technology
Examples of Common Conflicts
Settings
Time, Place, Mood (atmosphere)
Rising Action
The conflict is developing and moving towards the climax
Climax
The turning point
Falling Action
Conflict begins to wind down
Denouement
Resolution, Conflict Resolved
Theme
Main implied insight of a literary work; Analogous to the thesis in an essay
Motif or Rhythm
Recurring word, phrase, image, or symbol that helps unify the work and often helps develop the theme
Motif Examples
In Romeo and Juliet, the constant talk of poison and daggers, often metaphor, becomes literal in Act 5 when the loves kill them;
Pattern
§ The motif becomes constant or forms the structure of the work
Examples of Patterns
§ The dead teenager movie pattern; The fairy tale pattern (happy ending); Horror movies - people trip and are stabbed
Bildungsroman
A growing-up story; ex - Star Wars, Cheaper By The Dozen, The Brady Bunch, Jar Head, Forest Gump, Marley & Me
Point of View
Choice of narrator in a story or literary work
1st Person - I
Can't see what others characters are truly thinking; Unreliable narrator; The Uninvited: The Narrator is the murderer; Flight Club: Edward Norton thinks he is fighting Brad Pitt, but the Brad Pitt Character in his head
2nd Person - You
Point of view that's not used often
3rd Person - He, She
Omniscient - All knowing, We have the potential to know what all characters are thinking; Objective - What everyone was doing but not what characters thinking; Limited - One character all the through, not using "I" (Ex - killer angles)
Shifting Points of View
Different Narrators, Ex - ABC Murders, Twilight
Frame Story
Story within the story; ex - 1,001 Tales of the Arabian Nights - Frame - live or die?; Stories she tells never end; The notebook - Frame - being in nursing home; Flash backs to the past; Olivia - Frame - she wants her stories to read; Them actually reading the stories
Symbol
§ Something concrete (physical) the represents something more abstract
Journeys - Life; Seasons - Time passing and life; Roses - Love, Life being short; Dove - Peace; Hawk - War; Birds - Soul - fly (earth and Heavens); Rain - Sad; Light - Thought, Knowledge; Darkness - Evil, Confusion
Symbol Examples
Gold, God & Glory
Colonial Period Buzz Words
1607
founding of Jamestown
1765
Stamp Act
Historical accounts, sermons, diaries, religious poetry
Colonial Lit Genres
Colonial Lit Time Period
1607-1765
3 Main Colonial Areas
New England, Southern & Middle
Irony
unexpected twist
Oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence'); (form of paradox)
William Bradford (Historical Account)
"Of Plymouth Plantation"
Edwards (Sermon)
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
Olaudah Equino
The Interesting Narrative of the Life Olaudah Equiano
Anne Bradstreet
"To My Dear and Loving Husband"
Rhyme
back end of words at the end of line that sound the same
Metonymy
characteristic represents the whole thing; (ex - Red Coats = British Soldiers)
Anne Bradstreet
"Upon the Burning of our Home, July 10th, 1666"
Edward Taylor
"Huswifery"
Edward Taylor
"Upon What Base"
Cotton Mather
The Trial of Martha Carrier (1691-1692)
Arthur Miller
"The Crucible"
crucible
vessel to withstand heat
allegory
a work in which the characters and events are to be understood as representing other things and symbolically expressing a deeper, often spiritual, moral, or political meaning
Revolutionary Period
1765-1830; logic & reason (using mind, reason, faith, logic)
Speeches (Henry), Pamphlet (Paine), Secular Poetry (Wheatly), Documents (Declaration of Independence)
Revolutionary Period Non-Fiction Genres
Tabula Rasa
Locke - "blank slates" - God understood via Nature & Reason
Deism
informal religion of the intellectual upper class (Jefferson, Franklin)
Ben Franklin
1st Newspaper - Boston Newsletter
Thomas Paine
Crisis Papers, Common Sense
Phillis Wheatley
1st African American Poet - To His Excellency General Washington, To S.M., A Young African Painter on Seeing His Works
Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
Speech in the Virgina Convention
Philip Freneau
The Wild Honeysuckle
Analogy
a comparison between 2 things that are similar in soem way, often used to help explain something or make it easier to understand
Aphorism
statement expressing an opinion or a general truth
Cumulative Sentence (loose)
when you start with the main clause followed by subordinate clause
Periodic Sentence
when you start with the subordinate clause followed by the main clause
Epigram
short, witty statement
Heroic Couplet
a two-line unit of verse consisting of rhyming iambic pentameters, usually part of a series of rhyming pairs
Hyperbole
deliberate and obvious exaggeration used for effect, e.g. "I could eat a million of these"
Paradox
a statement, proposition, or situation that seems to be absurd or contradictory, but in fact is or may be true; form of irony
Rhetorical Question
a question asked for effect that neither expects nor requires an answer
Tone
writer's attitude
Iambic-Tetrameter
It refers to a line consisting of four iambic feet per line; Iambi - foot (2); Tetra - meter (4); 4 groups of 2 (8)
Romantic Period
1830-1865
Irving and Poe
brought us the Short Story
Poe
brought us the detective story
Cooper
brougth us the novel
Irving
The Devil and Tom Walker
Instinct, Intuition, Imagination
Romantic Period Buzz Words
Washington Irving
The Devil & Tom Walker
Nathanial Hawthorne
Dr. Heidegger's Experiment
Hawthorne
Young Goodman Brown
Hawthorne
"The Black Vail"
Poe
To Helen
Poe
The Fall of the House of Usher
Jame Fennimore Cooper
The Deer Slayer
Apostrophe
figure of speech which the narrator directly addresses an abatement object (a rhetorical passage in which an absent or imaginary person or an abstract or inanimate entity is addressed directly)
Elegy
poem or song about someone dead or about death itself
Ode
poem of celebration or commemoration
Blank Verse
unrhymed poetry that has a regular rhythm and line length, especially iambic pentameter
Synecdoche
part for whole, whole for part
Symbol
something concrete (physical) the represents something more abstract
Metaphor
comparison without using like or as
Simile
comparison using like or as
Anastrophe
changing the normal word order
Personification
giving human traits to something that is not human
Onomatopoeia
the formation or use of words that imitate the sound associated with something, e.g. "hiss" and "buzz"
Allusion
indirect reference to somebody or something from history (reference to person, place or event from history, movies, art, literature, Bible)
Alliteration
using several words that begin with the same or similar consonants
Parity
music or short story about love
Psalm
a song or hymn of praise; poetic prayer
Sonnet
a short poem with 14 lines (usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections; usually written in iambic pentameter)
Conceit
exaggerated comparison
Foot
smallest unit of measurement in poetry; 1 stressed or accented syllable (1 beat)
Meter
number of feet in a line
Rhythm
arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllable
Trochaic Tetrameter
Stressed - unstressed -Stressed - unstressed
Iambic Pentameter
the most common rhythm in English poetry (consisting of five iambs in each line; "The quality of mercy is not strained" is an iambic pentameter; Iambi - foot (2); Panta - meter (5); 5 groups of 2 (10) )
Carpe diem
"seize the day"
Parallelism
in writing, the deliberate repetition of words or sentence structures for effect
Ballad
song or poem telling a story
Holmes
The Ballad Of The Oysterman
Longfellow
The Children's Hour
Bryant
To a Waterfowl
Bryant
Thanatopsis
Longfellow
A Psalm of Life
Longfellow
Nature
Longfellow
The Arrow and the Song
Holmes
Old Ironsides
Holmes
The Chambered Nautilus
Sleeping
Death =
Longfellow, Holmes, Whittier, Lowell, Bryant
Fireside Poets
Transcendentalism
a system of philosophy that emphasizes intuition as a means of knowing a spiritual reality and believes that divinity pervades nature and humanity. It is especially associated with Ralph Waldo Emerson and other New England writers.
Emerson
From Walden From Where I Lived, What I Lived For
Walt Witman
Song of Myself
Walt Witman
One Self I Sing
Walt Witman
I Hear America Singing
Walt Witman
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
Walt Witman
Noiseless Patient Spider
Emily Dickinson
I Never Saw a Moor
Emily Dickinson
Exultation Is the Going
Emily Dickinson
I tasted the Liquor Never Brewed
Emily Dickinson
Some Keep the Sabath by Singing
Emily Dickinson
Much Madness is Devinest Sense
Emily Dickinson
The Narrow Fellow in the Grass