10 terms

the ancient greeks pgs. 142 to 146

more people lived in Athens then any other city state, 100,000 enslaved people. Some slaves were household servants and other worked in the fields, in industry, and in artisan shops.
role of men
Worked in the morning, later exercised or attended assembly meetings. The upper-class men went to all male gatherings where they drank, dined, and discussed politics and philosophy.
role of women
Life revolved around home and family,married at 14 0r 15, had children and took care of the household duties. Poor women would work in the fields with their husbands or sell goods. Upper-class women stayed at home while supervising the servants, worked wool into cloth, and rarely went out unless it was for a funeral or festival and only with a male relative. They could not attend school zoo they learned to play music and read.
Depended on farming for a living. Herders raised sheep and goats. Some farmers grew grains, vegetables, and fruit for local use. Other farmers grew grapes and olives for wine and olive oil. There was not enough farmland to grow crops for all its people so they had to import grains from other places. The merchants and the artisans grew very wealthy from pottery and other products.
Even educated women were not considered equal to the men. Women had no political rights and could not own property. The fathers took charge of the unmarried daughters and the husbands looked after their wives. Sons or male relatives looked after the widows.
Aspasia's writings
Helped to shape Plato's, a famous Greek philosopher, ideas. Consulted with many Athenian leaders about her writings including Pericles. Helped her to become influential in politics even though she could not vote or hold office.
wealthy homes
Had a wool room, family room, dining room, bedroom, kitchen, and an altar and courtyard.
The most famous women when it comes to not moving freely in public life. She was not a native Athenian, well educated and taught public speaking. Often consulted with Pericles.
Peloponnesian War
The Spartans and the Athenians went to war for the control of Greece. Athenian empire became rich and powerful making other city states suspicious. Sparta joined forces with other city states to fight against Athens. Both had different societies and neither understood or trusted the other. It was called the Peloponnesian War because Sparta was located in the Peloponnesus.
Pericles' Funeral
Held in the first winter of the war and its purpose was to honor those who died in battle. The leading Athenian addressed the crowd and Pericles spoke about the greatness of Athens and how the people strengthened the government. This famous speech called the Funeral Oration said that the Athenians belonged to a community. They obeyed rules, accepted duties, and gained rights. Reminded them of the power of democracy and gave them courage to fight.