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President Lincoln's decision on what to do about the situation at Fort Sumter in the first weeks of his administration can be best characterized as
a middle of the road solution.
Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort.
In return for support from the Plains Indians during the Civil War, the Union
allowed them to send delegates to Congress.
Much of the hunger experienced by Confederate soldiers in the Civil War was due to
the South's rickety transportation system.
A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was
intervention from Britain and France.
The South believed that the British would come to its aid because
Britain was dependent on Southern cotton.
The problems that Abraham Lincoln experienced as president were less prostrating than those experienced by Jefferson Davis partly because the North
had a long-established and fully organized government.
Border States that have remained loyal to the Union included:
Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, and Delaware.
Northern advantages at the outset of the Civil War included:
control of the seas, and more banks, factories, railroads, and people.
King Cotton failed at the South as a tool of wartime diplomacy because
Britain held surpluses of cotton when the war began, textile workers in Britain favored the North, the North sent captured cotton to Britain, and Britain developed alternative supplies of cotton in Egypt and India.
President Lincoln's loose interpretation of civil liberties during the Civil War
resulted in the suspension of the privilege of habeas corpus, led to the arrest of several critical newspaper editors, and was defended by him as necessary to save the Union.
Order in chronological order these events: A) The Battle of Bull Run, B) the Battle of Gettysburg, C) Lee's surrender at Appomattox, D) the Battle of Antietam.
After the Peninsula Campaign, Union strategy included all of the following except
bypassing the Confederate capital at Richmond.
One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the Confederate thrust into the North at Antietam was
the Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans.
When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves in
states still in rebellion against the United States.
All of the following occurred as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation except
the disappearance of European working-class support for the Union.
One consequence of General William T. Sherman's style of warfare was
a shorter war that saved lives.
Clement L. Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war, was derisively labeled a
General Ulysses S. Grant's basic strategy in the Civil War involved
assailing the enemy's armies simultaneously and directly.
The fate of the defeated Confederate leaders was that
after brief jail terms all were pardoned in 1868.
The white South viewed the Freedmen's Bureau as
a meddlesome federal agency that threatened to upset white racial dominance.
Andrew Johnson was named Lincoln's second-term vice president because
he would politically attract War Democrats and pro-Union southerners.
The controversy surrounding the Wade-Davis Bill and the readmission of the Confederate states to the Union demonstrated
the deep differences between President Lincoln and Congress.
In his 10 percent plan for Reconstruction, President Lincoln promised
rapid readmission of Southern states into the Union.
That the Southern states were "conquered provinces" that had completely left the Union and were therefore at the mercy of Congress for readmission was the view of
President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction
aimed at swift restoration of the southern states after a few basic conditions were met.
To many Northerners, the Black Codes seemed to indicate that
the arrogant South was acting as if the North had not really won the Civil War.
The first and only ex-Confederate state to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment in 1866 and thus be immediately readmitted to the Union under congressional Reconstruction was
Radical congressional Reconstruction of the South finally ended when
the last federal troops were removed in 1877.
Many feminist leaders were especially disappointed with the Fourteenth Amendment because it
specified for the first time in the Constitution that only males could vote.
A primary motive for the formation of the Ku Klux Klan was
white resentment of the ability and success of black legislators.
Even though the Force Acts and the Union Army helped suppress the Klu Klux Klan, the secret organization largely achieved its central goal of
intimidating blacks and undermining them politically.
The official charge that the House of Reps used to impeach President Johnson was his
dismissal of Secretary of War Stanton contrary to the Tenure of Office Act.
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