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Chapter 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (18)
One of the first civilizations
Mesopotamia, settled in 3500 BC
What kind of land was Mesopotamia?
the area was a plain(flat land) and desert like, bordered by two rivers
Why did people settle in Southern Mesopotamia?
people settled in southern Mesopotamia because it was located on a plateau (high flat land) between the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers, which provided a permanent source of fresh water, essential for human settlement. The rivers were full of fish and the soil was rich for growing crops.
What does Mesopotamia mean?
"the land between two rivers"
What did Mesopotamians do?
they were farmers of animals (goats, cattle, sheep) and crops (barley, millet, wheat, onions, garlic, apples). they built irrigation systems and good tools.
What made farming a possibility in the desert of Mesopotamia?
They irrigated their crops through irrigation systems they created from the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
Who advanced civilization by developing writing, religion, and technology?
What advantage did cuneiform writing have over picture writing?
It was simpler and easier to learn
Who ruled the kingdom of Babylonia and created a code of law?
Which Babylonian ruler brought Babylon to a status of "great and glorious?"
Assyrians placed a great deal of value on what and what?
War and Conquest
What kingdom did King David form that united the Hebrew tribes?
Why was Solomon's temple built?
To house the Torah and serve as a place of worship
Phoenicians were know as merchant sailor. What effect did their trading have on the world?
their trading promoted the exchange of ideas and the exchange of goods to various parts of the ancient world
What did the Lydian's invent that still exist today?
How did successful farming practices and food surplus affect growth in Mesopotamia?
The people of southern Mesopotamia were good farmers. They built irrigation systems to control when and how much they watered their crops. As a result they had a surplus of food crops. Because their was enough food it was not necessary for everyone to work as a farmer. People worked in other areas, governing the city, some were crafts people, some were traders. These traders packed their goods on donkeys and on boat up along the rivers and into the Persian Gulf. Through this trade, the spread Mesopotamians culture to other parts of the world.
How did the Sumerians link religion and government?
Their religion and government were closely linked because they believed that their city was under the protect of a particular god who looked after them. The Sumerians believed that the Kings were chosen by the gods to carry out the gods wishes. This was divine kingship that the right to rule was god given. There ideas about kingship, including the right to rule could be past to father to son, would have a huge impact on later civilization.
What is the difference between the Ten Commandments and other codes of laws?
The Ten Commandments were unlike any other code of law. The Ten Commandments were sent down to Moses form god. Hammurabi's codes were ma made. Codes such as Hammurabi's listed a series of crimes and punishments. But the Ten Commandments gave guidance for the worship of God and set down rules for morel behavior.