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53 terms

psyc 435 exam one

STUDY
PLAY
personality
characteristics of a person that account for consistent patterns of behavior over time
theory
an integrated set of principals that attempt to explain and predict observed events
structure
concept that refers to more enduring and stable aspect of personality
process
what motivates us
growth and development
nature vs. nurture
nature
the environment that we grown in
pathology
psychological disease
how to acquire pathology?
many ways,
oral stages of development is an example
trait theory
doesnt have a model for change
issues
philosophical view, role of the unconscious, and psyco-analytic theory
internal
the person
external
the situation
what makes a good theory?
a good theory is comprehensiveness in that it encompasses and accounts for a variety of data.
A good theory is 3 things
parsimonious, comprehensiveness, relevance
comprehensiveness
band wide phenomenon
parsimonious
succinct, which means simple
LOTS
life records data, observed data, test data, and self-report
if research is reliable
the results can be replicated over time.
3 approaches to case study or research
clinical, experimental, correlational
correlational study
relationships between variables and associations
freud
emphasized the unconscious, conflict between the id and the super ego
id
pleasure seeker
ego
realist
super ego
moral conscious
goal of pyschoanalysis
to enhance the ego and relief of anxiety
motivation by freud
we are motivated by sexual drives and aggressions according to Freud
defense mechanism
represents waves of distorting reality, and excluding feeling from awareness, so that one doesnt feel anxious
types of defense mechanisms
repression, denial, and rationalization
repression
thoughts, ideas, or wishes dismissed from consciousness
denial
painful internal or external reality is denied
rationalization
acceptable reason is given for unacceptable action or motive
psychosexual stages
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
little hans
worked with freud, had castration anxiety due to oedipus complex in phallic stage of development
erickson's psycho social stages
basic trust vs. mistrust
autonomy vs shame and doubt
guilt vs. initiative
basic trust vs. mistrust
child gains trust and mistrust issues at this stage
autonomy vs shame
autonomy gives child snese of choice, feels important
initiative vs guilt
know they can achieve something feels guilt if labeled negatively
projective test
ink blot
thematic aptitude test
projective tests can be graded 2 different ways
subjectively and objectively
definition of projective tests
test that generally involve vague ambiguous stimuli that allow subject to reveal personality in terms of their distinctive responses
transference
important part of the healing process because you transfer emotion to the psycho-analyst
carl roger
client center therapy
felt that people should be free to make their own decision and choices
carl roger's theory
we come into the world good, striving to find our potentional
studied healthy people
believed we are all unique
theory of change
everyone is capable of changing. our personalities are dynamic
congruent
the closer our ideal self and our actual self are aligned (being true to yourself)
incongruence
roger's concept of the existence of a discrepancy between the ideal and actual self.
self-concept
the perceptions and meanings associated with the self
ideal self
self concept that individuals would most like to possess
self esteem
the person's evaluative regard for self or personal judgement (how we evaluate our self-worth)
measures of self concept
q-sort technique, adjective check list, semantic differential
self actualization
the fundamental tendency of an individual to actualize, maintain, and enhance one's self to fulfill one's potential
synonym for congruence
genuineness
existentialism
an approach to understanding people. and conducting therapy associated with human potential movement. emphasizes concerns inherent in existing as a person.