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137 terms

Pharm II chpt 20-23

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Any substance yielding hydroxide ions. Has a pH of <7.
ALKALINE SUBSTANCE
Any substance with a hydrogen ion that is released and reacts with metal. Has a pH of >7.
ACIDIC SUBSTANCE
Compound that contains carbon.
ORGANIC COMPOUND
Compound that does NOT contain carbon.
INORGANIC COMPOUND
Alternative medicine that has been proved effective by scientific research.
COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE
Remedies for illnesses passed down from generation to generation.
FOLK MEDICINE
A substance with a hydrogen ion that is released in a solution and reacts with metals to form a salt or is a solution which has a pH below 7.
ACID
An inorganic solid substance which is usually a component of the Earth's crust
MINERAL
Lack of Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
PELLAGRA
Causes skin eruptions, stomatitis, GI disturbances, and seizures as a result of poor diet, alcoholism, or any other disease which impairs nutrition (commonly seen in a corn maize diet)
PELLAGRA
A liquid in which substance are dissolved
SOLVENT
Substance dissolved in a solution or body fluids
SOLUTE
Chemical compound resulting from the interaction and a base of NaCl
SALT
Organic substance necessary in trace amount for normal growth, development, metabolism, and for the release of energy from food.
VITAMIN
Aids with eyesight and visual adaptation to light, also needed for functional integrity of skin, mucous membranes, and normal growth of teeth and bones.
VITAMIN A
What vitamin helps the absorption of calcium
VITAMIN D
What vitamin is an Antioxidant, and protects RBCs from hemolysis
VITAMIN E
what vitamin synthesis of blood clotting factor.
VITAMIN K
The vitamin which is highly teratogenic in large doses.
VITAMIN A
The vitamin which require sunlight to be effective.
VITAMIN D
Deficiency in the vitamin leads to rickets.
VITAMIN D
Another term for Vitamin A (remember, a deficiency leads to night blindness)
RETINOL
Water Soluble Vitamins
B1, B3, B9, B12, and C
Fat Soluble Vitamins
A, D, E, and K
Herb used to treat respiratory tract infection
ECHINACEA
Herb used for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
SAW PALMETTO
Herb used or Nausea and Vomiting
GINGER
Herb used for digestive, lowers cholesterol, decreases Blood Pressure
GARLIC
Herb used to Enhances memory
GINGKO
Herbs that helps with migraines
FEVERFEW
Herbs that helps with depression
ST JOHNS WART
Plant that helps with Burns and insect bites
ALOE
Herb that helps to Boost energy, increase circulation.
CAYENNE
Is thought to hide illicit drugs, and help with diarrhea.
GOLDEN SEEAL
Herbs that helps with fatigue, stress, depression
GINSENG
Herbs that helps hyperglycemia and is antioxidant
CINNAMON
Electrolytes are....
1. Potassium
2. Chloride
3. Iron
4. Calcium
5. Fluoride
6. Zinc
7. Phosphorous
8. Sodium
An electrolyte that is Intracellular fluid (Circle K)
POTASSIUM
An electrolyte that is a component of gastric acid (HCL hydrochloric acid)
CHLORIDE
An electrolyte component of blood hemoglobin
IRON
An electrolyte that helps builds Bone formation and heart muscle muscle function
CALCIUM
An electrolyte that protects against dental caries/cavities
FLUORIDE
An electrolyte component of DNA/RNA and needed for taste/smell
ZINC
An electrolyte For cellular energy (ATP)
PHOSPHOROUS
Originates outside of an organ
EXOGENOUS
Originates within a cell or organ
ENDOGENOUS
Enlargement of thyroid gland
GOITER
Increased blood sugar
HYPERGLYCEMIA
Decreased blood sugar
HYPOGLYCEMIA
Defective metabolism of fat
LIPODYSTROPHY
Substance that originates in an organ or a gland then secreats into the body
HORMONE
GH, TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH
ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES
ADN, Oxytocin
POSTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES
Deficiency of growth hormone results in what?
DWARFISM
Excessive growth hormone results in what for an adult is called?
ACROMEGALLY
Excessive growth hormone results in what for a child is call what?
GIANTISM
Drug given to children with growth hormone deficiency.
PROTROPIN
Growth hormone inhibitor drug.
SANDOSTATIN
Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland and causes hyperthyroidism.
GRAVES
Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid and is most common cause of hypothyroidism
HASHIMOTO DISEASE
Alpha cells
GLUCAGON
Beta cells
INSULIN
A childhood onset. Attacks the beta cells of the pancreas.
TYPE I INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS
Insulant resistant disorder
TYPE II NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS
This gland has iodine
THYROID
The medication used for Type II Diabetees
GLUCOTROL, GLYBURIDE/GLUCOPHAGE
A quick acting Insulin is...
LISPRO-HUMALOG
Short acting insulin is...
REGULAR INSULIN
Intermediate action insulin
NPH Insulin
Long acting Insulin
LANTUS
A hormone that stimulates the growth of almost all tissues and organs.
GROWTH HORMONE (GH)
A hormone that acts on the Thyroid gland to promote the synthesis and release of thyroid hormone
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)
Stimulates milk production and secretion after birth.
PROLACTIN
A hormone that promotes follicular growth in the ovaries and spermatogenesis in the testes.
FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH)
A hormone that promotes ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum in the female, and acts on the testes to promote androgen (testosterone) production in the male.
LUTEINING HORMONE (LH)
A hormone that acts on the adrenal cortex to promote the synthesis and release of adrenocortical hormones.
ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ADH)
This Vitamin is essential to normal functioning of the nervous system.
VITAMIN B1(Thiamine)
A B1 deficiency
Beri-Beri
A vitamin the promotes the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and the synthesis of DNA.
VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)
Which Vitamin B deficiency causes changes in the cornea causing visual disturbance and photophobia.
VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)
Which Vitamin B deficiency causes Pellagra.
VITAMIN B3
Which Vitamin deficiency leads to Scurvy?
Vitamin C
Which Vitamin B deficiency causes Pernicious anemia?
Vitamin B12
Which Vitamin b deficiency causes Macrocytic Anemia?
Vitamin B9
What acts as an antibiotic?
Tobrex
What is given to newborns to prevent ocular gonorrhea?
Silver nitrate
What is givin for glaucoma and is a beta blocker?
Betaxolol
What is used to treat Herpes Simplex?
Herplex
What is used for midriasis (pupil dilation- remember fight or flight)?
Epinephrine
What does Cataracts mean?
Opacity (loss of transparency)
What is Hordeolum?
Localized, purulent, inflammatory bacterial infection "stye"
What is vertigo?
the sensation of spinning or rotating
What is Keratits
Inflammation of the cornea
What is Tinnitus?
Ringing in the ears
What is Glaucoma?
Increased intraocular pressure with the eye
What is Midriasis?
Dilation of the pupil
What is Nystagmus?
Constant involuntary movement of the eye in any direction
What is Miosis?
Constriction of the pupil
What is Conjunctivitis?
Acute inflammation of the conjustive of the eye "pink eye"
What is Tetracaine?
Opthalmic anesthetic
Whati is Cortisporin Otic?
Otic anti-infective
What is Tympagesic?
Ear analgesic
What is Meclizine, Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) used for ?
Vertigo
When you have inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands resulting in pustular papules is known as?
Seborrheic dermatitis
What is a bacterial infection resulting in honey colored crusts?
Impetigo
What is a Chronic disease of the skin resulting in silvery, white scales forming plaques?
psoriasis
Why do you not want to use Accutane in pregnancy?
Teratogenic malformations or dealth
What are some topical antibiotics?
Bactroban, Bacitracan, Neosporin
What are some of the oral antivirals to treat Herpes Simplex?
Acyclovir, Zovirax
What are some of the Acne medications?
Benzoyl Peroxide, Retin A, Doxycycline
What is Seborrheic dermatitis?
Chronic inflammatory skin condition from overproduction of sebum (other wise known as dandruff)
What is a Carbuncle?
Connected, or group of boils or furuncles, joined together to form a mass
What is a Comedone?
Lesion seen with acne (whitehead) closed comedone, open comedone is a blackhead
What is Furuncle?
also known as a boil
What is a Hive?
Raised lesion known as a wheal
What is a Keratalytic agent?
an agent that causes or promotes the shedding of skin
What is Nits?
lice eggs that adhere, known as pediculosis
What is Scabies?
Contagious skiin disorder caused by an itch mite spread by direct contact from an infected person
What medications are used to treat warts (verruca)?
Salicylic acid
What medications are used to treat burns?
Silvadene cream 2%
What is Medication are used to treat topical fungal infections? (ringworm)
Lamisil
What is the Medication used to treat oral candidiasis (thrush) or vaginal yeast infections?
Diflucan
What medication is used to treat scabies?
Permethrin Cream
What is Home remedy?
Treeatment device and applied at home without professional device
What is Growth Hormone GH?
Stimulates the growth of almost all tissues and organs
What is Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)?
Acts on the Thyroid gland to promote the synthesis and release of thryoid hormones
What is Prolactin?
Stimulates milk production and secretion after birth
What is Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)?
Promotes follicular growth in the ovaries and spermatogenesis in the testes
What is Luteining hormone (LH)?
Promotes ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum in the female
What is Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)?
Acts on the adrenal cortex to promote the synthesisand release of adrenocortical hormones
What is Tinea Capitis?
Fungal infection involving the scalp (baldness)
What is Tinea Corporis?
Fungal infection of the body trunk
What is Tinea Cruris?
Fungal infection of the groin "jock itch"
What is Tinea Pedis?
Fungal infection of the feet "Athlete's foot"
What is Tinea Unguium?
Fungal infection of the nails "Onychomycosis"
What is Tinea Versicolor?
Skin condition caused by a microscopic "Pityriaisis Versicolor"
What is Psoriasis?
Chronic inflammatory condition characterized by bright red plaques covered with dry scales