- Eustress, Strength, and Hope: Positive Organizational Behavior - Positive energy, Fully engagement, Translating what was learned from high-performance athletes for the use of Fortune 500 executives and managers.
What is Eustress?
Healthy, normal stress
What is the motivational force in Equity Theory?
internal motivation, equity theory is concerned with the social processes that influence motivation and behavior.
What are the factors in Expectancy Theory? How do they work?
- People expect certain outcomes of behavior and performance. - People believe that the effort they put forth is related to the performance they achieve and the outcomes they receive.
What were the factors in Pavlov's animal learning research?
What is the foundation of operant conditioning?
Modifying behavior by following specific behaviors with positive or negative consequences.
What are: punishment, negative reinforcement, positive reinforcement and extinction and how do they work?
What is the basis for social learning theory?
Learning from the behavior from other people
What is self- efficacy and how is it developed?
an individual's internal expectancy to perform a specific task effectively
What facilitates performance feedback?
- Performance Appraisals
What roles does participation in goal setting play?
- Increases work motivation and task performance - Reduce role stree associated with conflicting or confusing situations - Improve accuracy and validity of performance evaluation
What is the MBO process? What is the first step?
- a goal-setting program based on interaction and negotiation between employees and managers - The employee writing an "employee's letter" to the manager
What increases the likelihood that performance feedback will lead to improved performance?
What increases the reliability of an effective performance appraisal system?
Situational factors affecting the evaluator, such as mood or timing of the evaluation
What are the various reinforcement schedules and which appears to be the most powerful n stimulating desired behavior?