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Mus 103-003 Exam 1 flashcards

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Consonance
the property of sounding harmonious
Dissonance
disagreeable sounds
Timbre
(music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)
Interval
the difference in pitch between two notes
Octave
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
Accompaniment
a subordinate musical part, Music that goes along with a more important part, often harmony or rythmic patterns accompanying a melody
Meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
Syncopation
a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat
Polyrhythm
Two or more rhythms performed at the same time
Monophony
music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment), single line texture or melody without accompaniment
Polyphony
musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously
Homophony
part music with one dominant voice (in a homophonic style)
Monody
music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment), A single line of sung melody
Heterophony
multiple voices elaborating the same melody at the same time
Aerophone
Instrument who's sound is generated by a vibrating column of air (flute)
Chordophone
a stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers
Idiophone
Instrument who's sound is generated by an instument's own material (xylophone)
Membranophone
a musical percussion instrument
Electrophone
An electronic instrument.
Merriam's Three Part Model
Music transmission, history and change in nettle chapter one outlines all but the following:
Alap
can refer to the entire opening of a North Indian classical piece; consists of alap, jor, and jhela
Jhala
third phrase of a raga
Alapana
C. solo veena improvisational section that serves as a free flowing introduction and melodic exploration of the raga.
Kriti
a song in South India with some improvisation in various sections. Karnatic
Anupallavi
contrasting section of a kriti
Caranam
Final and longest verse that wraps up the pallavi
Tabla
a set of two drums
Mridangam
two headed barrel drum popular in south India (Karnatak) played with open hands and fingers. The right drum head is tuned to the tonic note and the left hand is the bass.
Harmonium
a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
Vedic Period
the period in which the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Aryans were being composed
Indian Independence
1947
Svara
The seven pitches of a raga pitch set
Solfege syllables
pitch names using: do,re,mi,fa,sol,la,ti,do,etc
Ornamentation
note or notes added to the original melodic line for embellishment and added interest
Tala
metric cycle in indian music
Niraval
A type of Kriti improvisation. The articulation of the melody, derived from the text, is maintained while the pitch content is varied within the prescriptions of the ragam.
Svara Kalpana
"invented" or "created" svaras, improvisation based on solfege syllables
Ghazal
Rhyming couplets & refrain, expression pain of loss/separating & beauty of love
Filmigit
(india) film songs
Shona
people who immigrated onto the plateau of land of what is today Zimbabwe and asserted control over local peoples and mining activities, built fortresses, and attained great power
Bira
a Shona religious ceremony involving spirit posession
Mbira
a metal-keyed idiophone, distributed widely throughout sub-Saharan Africa, especially Zimbabwe; a.k.a. thumb piano
Kushaura
the main part in a two-part arrangement of mbira music
Kutsinhira
the interwoven second part in a two-part arrangement of mbira music
Hosho
rattle with beads inside, gourd, zimbabwe, shono music, accompany mbira
Mande
a group of African languages in the Niger-Congo group spoken from Senegal east as far as the Ivory Coast
Jali
wordsmith = musician oral historian genealogist, bard, and preaise singer, griot -- french duragatory term
Kora
type of chordophone. 21 string gourd harp. Played by jeli's in West Africa.
Kumbengo
The accompaniment style of instrumental performance used on instruments like the kora, bala, and koni in Mande jeliya music.
Birmintingo
Improvised instrumental interludes
Gankogui
ghana double bell-idiophone
Axatse
(shakara) shaker, hit hand to it, has beads around it
Yoruba Dundun
Talking drum*
Syncretism
The blending traits from two different cultures to form a new trait.