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Basic principle that government is limited in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away
System of government in which public policies are made by officials who are selected by the voters and held accountable to them in periodic elections
Basic principle that the people are the only source of any and all governmental power, that government must be conducted with the consent of the governed
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
The Great Charter establishing the principle that the power of the monarchy was not absolute in England; protecting such fundamental rights as trial by jury
English Bill of Rights
Drawn up by parliament in 1689 to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs; forms the basis for much in American government and politics
A system of government in which a small group of persons chosen by the people act as their representatives expresses the popular will
Articles of Confederation
Document by which the first U.S. government was established after the American Revolution; allowed few important powers to the central government
Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which the States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based upon a State's population
New Jersey plan
An alternative to the Virginia Plan offered at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, differing chiefly in the matter of how states should be represented in Congress
Offered at the Constitutional Convention; called for a bicameral legislature in which representation in both houses would be based on population or financial support for the central government
Three fifths compromise
An agreement at the Constitutional Convention that slaves should be counted as three-fifths of a person for purposes of determining the population of a state
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting the interests of slaveholders by forbidding Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State, and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade
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