Ten percent plan
a plan made by Lincoln where a southern state could form a new government after ten percent of its voters swore an oath to the United States. The new government had do abolish slavery and after voters could elect members of congress and take part in the national government again.
- a rival plan for reconstruction made by republicans. It required a majority of white men in each southern state to swear loyalty to the United States. It denied the right to vote or hold office to anyone who had volunteered to fight for the confederacy. Lincoln refused to sign this bill because he thought it was too harsh.
Lincoln's vice president that had stayed loyal to the union even after his home state seceded
An amendment to the constitution that banned slavery in the United States, which was approved by congress January 1865.
A group led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner that had mail goals of breaking the power of wealthy planters and ensuring that freedmen could vote
A man from Pennsylvania who led the Radical Republicans. His main goals were breaking the power of wealthy planters and ensuring that freedmen could vote
A leader of the Radical republicans along with Thaddeus Stevens. He was from Massachusetts and was in the senate. His two main goals were breaking the power of wealthy planters and ensuring that freedmen could vote
The amendment that states that all people born or naturalized in the USA were citizens. It guaranteed citizens equal protection of the laws and forbade states to deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. States could not legally discriminate a citizen on unreasonable grounds.
A period in 1867 where congress prepared to take charge of Reconstruction. Congress could easily override a veto because Republicans had huge majorities in both houses
An act passed by congress that threw out the state governments that had refused to pass the fourteenth amendment- all the former confederate states except Tennessee. It also divided the south into five military districts. Army commanders were given broad powers to enforce the Reconstruction. Many southerners bitterly opposed this new rule. It also said that to rejoin the union, former confederate states had to right new constitutions and ratify the fourteenth amendment. It also required southern states to allow African Americans to vote.
This amendment was proposed by congress in 1869. It forbade any state to deny any citizen the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
- A clergyman and teacher who became the nation's first black senator in 1870. He completed the term of Jefferson Davis.
White southerners who held power before the Civil War. These people resisted the reconstruction.
Ku Klux Klan
- A secret society to help white southerners regain power. These groups tried to keep blacks and white republicans out of office.
Rutherford B Hayes
An Ohio governor chose by Republicans to run in the presidential election of 1876. Hayes became president and ended reconstruction.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws in the south that kept blacks from using the same things as whites such as restaurants, schools, playgrounds, and cemeteries.
Plessy v. Ferguson
- A lawsuit filed by blacks that went to the Supreme Court in which segregation was declared legal if the two separate things were equal, which they usually were not.
A vision described by Henry Grady that would make a new southern economy that would use its vast resources to build up its own economy.
A North Carolina man who used new machinery to revolutionize the manufacture of tobacco products.
Freedmen and poor whites who worked in large plantations. These people rented and farmed on a plot of land. Planters provided seed, fertilizer and tools in return for a share of the crop at harvest time.
A law that stated that if a voter's father or grandfather had been eligible to vote on January 1, 1867, the voter did not need to take the test.