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24 terms

Blood Vessels

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The common Illiac arteries supply blood to the:
Lower limbs, and pelvic wall
Arteriole
A small artery that empties into a capillary
Chemicals given off by the capillary blood:
Amino acids, hormones, glucose, and oxygen
Systemic Circulation
The flow of blood through the whole body
Hydrostatic Pressure
The physical force exerted by a liquid against a surface
Flow of Blood through the Pulmonary Circuit
Pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, lobar arteries, alveolar capillaries, pulmonary veins, left atrium
Brachiocephalic trunk
Branches into the right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery
Anastomosis
A collateral route of blood supply to a tissue
Autoregulation
The ability of tissues to regulate their own blood supply.
Hypercapnia
Excess of carbon dioxide in the blood
Venous Return
The flow of blood back to the heart
3 Branches of Celiac Trunk
Spleanic artery, common hepatic artery, and left gastric artery
Veins
Are the type of blood vessel regarded as capacitance vessels
Middle Cerebral Artery
A branch of the internal carotid artery, travels in the lateral sulcus of the cerebrum and supplies the insula
Posterior Cerebral Arteries
Supply the posterior part of the brain and the temporal and occipital lobes as well as the midbrain and thalamus
Orthostatic Hypotension
Results from a decrease in blood pressure that results when one stands
Pulsatile
A pattern of blood flow in the arteries where it surges with the heart beat
pH
The main chemical stimulus for cerebral autoregulation
Pericytes
Contribute to vessel growth and repair by retaining the ability to differentiate into endothelial and smooth muscle cells
Medullary Ischemic Reflex
An autonomic response to a drop in perfusion of the brain
Flow of a blood cell from the pulmonary circuit from the right atrium
Pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, lobar arteries, alveolar capillaries, pulmonary veins, left antrium
Filtration
A process in which hydrostatic pressure forces a fluid through a selectively permeable membrane
Blood flow from the Heart pertaining to the Aorta
Ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta
List the arteries in order as they descend and supply blood to the lower limbs
External Illac arch, femoral artery, popillital artery, anterior tibial artery, dorsal pedal artery