How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

38 terms

endocrine system symptoms, signs, diseases and disorders

STUDY
PLAY
acidosis
abnormal accumulation of waste materials that are acidic; often a symptom of diabetes mellitus; acidosis may also be caused by a respiratory or kidney
exophthalmos
abnormal protrusion of the eyes
hypersecretion
abnormal increase in hormone production; often the results of an inherited disease or a tumor
hyporsecretion
abnormal decrease in hormone production; often occurs when an endocrine gland suffers trauma due to an injury or infection; also may be caused by an inherited disorder or a tumor
ketosis
excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine, which is a symptom of an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation; also known as ketoacidosis
polydipsia
abnormal state excessive thirst
polyuria
excretion of abnormally large volumes of urine
acromegaly
an enlargement of bone structure most prominent in the face and hands, resulting in disfigurement; caused by the hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland after puberty
addision's disease
chronic syndrome caused by hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex; characterized by darkening of the skin, loss of appetite, mental deppression, and muscle weakness
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenosis
abnormal condition of a gland
adrenal virilism
excessive production of androgen by the adrenal cortex; usually caused by adrenal hyperplasia or a tumor in adult woman; symptoms include masculinization
adrenalitis
inflammation of the adrenal gland
adrenocorticohyperplasia
abnormal development of the adrenal cortex, resulting in its excessive size and the hypersecretion of it hormone
adrenomegaly
abnormal enlagement of the adrena glands
adrenopathy
general disease of the adrenal gland
calcipenia
deficiency of calcium; also called hypocalcemia
cretinism
condition of hyposecrtion from thyroid gland in children that results in a lack of mental development and dwarfed physical stature
cushing's syndrome
a syndrome that results from hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex; characterized by obesity, moon face, hyperglycemia, and muscle weakness
diabetes insipidus
caused by hyposecreation of ADH by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; symptoms include polydipsia and ployuria
diabetes mellitus
chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism; includes type 1, which requires hormone replacement therapy with insulin, and type 2, which can usually be managed with diet and an execrise program
endocrinopathy
general disease of the endocrine system
hirsutism
presence of excessive body hair; in women, it is caused by the hypersecretion of androgens by the adrenal cortex
hypercalcemia
abnormally high calsium levels in the blood
hyperglycemia
abnormally high glucose leves in the blood
hyperinsulinism
excessive amounts of insulin in the blood, which pulls sugar from the blood, fainting, and convulsions
hyperkalemia
abnormally high potassium levels in the blood
hyperparathroidism
hypersecretion of the parathyroid glands, usually due to a tumor
hyperthyroidism
hypersecretion of the thyroid gland; characterized by exophthalmos, goiter, rapid heart rate, and weight loss; also called Graves' disease, or throtoxicosis
myxedema
advanced hyothyroidism in adults; characterized by low energy, swollen hands and face, and dry skin
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancrease
parathyroidoma
tumor of the parathyroid gland
pituitary dwarfism
caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland at an early age, slowing growth and causing a short but proportional stature; a congenital condition that can be treated during childhood with growth-hormone therapy
pituitary gigantism
caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone that begins before puberty, leading to an abnormal increase growth of bones to produce very large stature
tetany
caused by a deficiency of parathyroid hormone; the low calcium levels in the blood that lead to excitation or nerves and muscle spasms
thyrotoxicosis
conition that results from excessive thyroid hormone
syndrome
disorder with an arrey of symptoms and involves multiple organs
goiter
abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by a tumor, lack of iodine in the diet or infection