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Unit 3: Ancient Egypt
wrote that ancient egypt was the gift of the nile
worlds longest river and early farmers settled near it in africa. runs from ethiopian highlands to the med. sea
thanks to the annual flooding this is deposited on the land surrounding the river. It is very rich in nutrients
native to the Nile Delta and was used for baskets, ropes, thatch roots, and rugs
primary crop grown in silt by egyptians
this provides transportation, food, and fresh water
located around the nile river delta in NORTHERN egypt
located in the SOUTHERN part of egypt around the Nile River Valley
land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
united Upper and Lower Egypt and formed the first egyptian dynasty
line of rulers from 1 family
capital of Upper/Lower Egypt Kingdom
began around 2800 BC and preceded by 200 years of civil war. The internal fighting would cease and a strong centralized gov. will be eastablished
type of government created in which there is a king/pharaoh
has absolute power and is the religious and political leader of the people
around 2200 BC, kings of memphis lose power, war brakes out for control of egypt, and new dynasty begins
complex system of pictographic writing
this type of paint was used on the hieroglyphics to make it colorful
belief in many gods/goddesses
god of sky
goddess of protection
god of chaos
were some of the most important people in egyptian society. Helped egyptians practice their religion
before mummifaication people witnessed this and it occured when a person was buried in the desert environment of North Africa
the preserving of the body
a process of removing the interal organs and try to preserve the body in lifelike manner
where organs were placed after removed from the body
a salt/sodium rich substance in which was used for removing water from the body
original coffins was usually made of...
later coffins were made of real...
a stone container in which was usually made from granite
a hieroglyphic name enclosed in a oval & adnored the coffin and sarchophagus
most monuments, temples, and pyramds were made of...
when did pyramids begin to be built for pharaohs?
step pyramid which overlooked memphis and was built for Djoser
chief architect of djoser who designed sakkara
pyramids were built on this plateau
built the first SMOOTH sided pyramid
largest pyramid in the world that was built at giza
the great pyramid was built for this pharaoh who was the son of sneferu
looks over these pyramids at gize and is a huge statue with the body of a lion and the head of a man (khafre's head)
valley of the kings
pharaohs begin to be buried in underground tombs on the western bank f the nile across from luxor (thebes)
caused egyptian priests to bury the pharaoh underground
how many tombs were discovered in the valley of the kings
temples were first built during this era
temples were decorated with art/hieroglyphics called
ramses the great
most powerful pharaoh in egyptian history who reigned for 66 years and was the greatest builder during the new kingdom, fathered 40-120 kids, and was a warrior king
group of lovers
where was ramses buried?
a rather obsure pharaoh of the 18th dynasty who was the son of akhenaton and claimed the throne at age 10. Died at 18
the discovery of his tomb was the greatest archeological find in modern world history
found king tuts tomb in 1922 in the valley of kings
first known woman to be a pharaoh of both lower and upper egypt. also the first woman ruler of a civilization. her dad, thutmose 1 died and she claimed the throne
how long was hatshepsut reign?
dier el bahri
where was hatshepsut temple that she built located at?