47 terms

Social Studies Test

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Adam Smith
wrote wealth of nations

laissez faire- let people do as they please

believed everyone was selfish

against mercantilism

18th century libral-> 20th century conservative
Karl Marx
everyones equal

classless society

share wealth

enemy:buguasee
John Stuart Mill
believes workers should work together and form unions

role of gov. is to take action when necessary to protect workers
David Recardo
author of principles of political economy

iron law of wages

endless circle

wages raised-> more babies->wages lowered-> less babies
Charles Fourier
poverty would end if everyone worked together and did the job the were best suited for and then shared the profits

failed
Robert Owens
Velieved manufacturers can make a profit and treat workers fairly at the same time

He paid wages, built company stores to sell goods at low prices, set up schools
Thomas Malthus
wrote essay on principal population

believed population must eventually outstrip food supply

believed there was little hope for averting a disaster

Believed if wages were raised more babies created and that means less food and more money spent
Jeremy Bentham
author of the principles of morals and legislation

believed in greatest good for greatest number

believed judicial and leal systems were harming us
Robert Blankwell
pioneered new methods in animal breeding
Robert Fullton
Steamboat
Edmund Cartwright
power loom
Charles Towshend
crop rotation
James Hargraves
spinning jenny
James Kay
flying shuttle
George Stephenson
steam locomotive
Henry Bessemer
cheaper, stronger, better steal process
Elli Whitney
cotton gin and interchangeable parts
Samuel F. B. Morse
telograph
Jethrow Tull
seed drill
James Watt
steam engine
Richard Arkwright
water frame
Henry cort
puddling process
Gregor Mendel
discovered genetics
textiles
clothing manufacturers
charists
has to do with voting
revolution of 1848
liberals wanted constitutional gov. but they couldn't get the support of the workers- failed
romanticism
against the enlightenment and intuition and emotion was as important as reasoning
Auguste Comte
father of sociology
Enclosure movement
the fencing off of public land from small farmers to allow scientific farming
July Revolution
dought in france- 1830's- results in the removal of Louis- phillippe as king and replaced by napoleon after wining the vote for president
congress of vienna
a series of meeting in vienna where policies were set up to achieve long lasting peace and stability in europe
Clement Von Metternich
forign minister of austria

very influential at the congress of vienna

three goals at vienna

1. provent future French agression by surrounding France with strong Coutries
2. restore balance of power
3. restore royal families to their thrown that they were overthrown from by napoleon
Napoleon III
Won president ellection

France welcomed him becuase they needed someone who would bring peace to France

built railroads, encouragred industrialization, etc.

hlped make France prosperious and unemployment declined
Ned Ludd
His followers were called luddities

blamed machines for loss of jobs so he destroyed them
Industrial Revolution
Period of time where many inventions made things faster, better, and cheaper to produce
Why the industrial revolution began in Great Britain
entrepreneurs had money to invest in businesses

markets- colonies

natural resources- iron ore and coal

transportation
Negative effects of the industrial revolution
bad working conditions
harsh conditions for workers
tightly packed cities
loss of family stability
Positive effects of ndustrialization
new inventions
creation of more factories
more jobs
higher standard of living
increased demand and production of raw materials
capitialism
economy system in which factors of production are privately owned and money is invested in buisness ventures to make a profit
socialism
public ownership of a company
Dreyfus Affair
anti scemitism

jewish offiver falsely accused- when new evidence came to prove his innocense hate groups wouldnt accept it ... he was eventually freed and proven innocent
Proletariet
the have nots

the workers
Marie Currie
discovered two missing elements uranium and plotonium

found radio acitivty

two nobel peace prizes one for chemistry and one for physics
suffrage
right to vote
sigmund fraud
father of physocology believes in idego and super ego

unconscious mind drives how people think and act
Reform Bill of 1867
extends voting rights to urban wokers
Reform Bill of 1884
extends voting rights to rural wokers