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Terms in this set (30)
Era of good feelings
after the war of 1812 President Monroe established a feeling of National pride among the nation. there was only one political party at the time, the democratic republicans. at this time it seemed Americans' loyalty to the united states prevailed historical identities of state and/ or region
John C Calhoun
in 1816 Calhoun, from South Carolina, was chosen to represent a bill proposing the second bank of the United State. the Bill passed in 1816 and would serve as a national currency and control of state banks
From Kentucky, Clay supported Calhoun in the passing of the bill supporting the second national bank.
From Massachusetts, Webster helped support and establish the idea of a bill proposing second national bank
Chief justice of the United States. he helped unify the nation after the war. Marshall ruled in three important cases that created dominance of the nation over the states and molded the future of the American Government
Martin v. Hunter Lesee
the court decided that it had the right to hear all petitions of the state court decisions in cases having to do with federal statutes and treaties. Denny Martin was being tried for trying to sell land he inherited from his loyalist uncle. Virginia law stated no enemy should inherit enemy land. however 1783 treaty of paris conflicted with Virginia law. this historic decision helped establish the supreme court as the nations' court of final appeal.
McCulloch v. Maryland
in 1819 Maryland attempted to tax the second United states bank. Marshall argues that the constitutions 'necessary and proper' clause allowed the federal government to create the bank and that it was 'supreme in it's own sphere of action' and thus the state government could not interfere.
Gibbons v. Ogden
thus 1824 case involved a company that had a state granted monopoly over the steam boat traffic in New York waters. supreme court says this monopoly is unconstitutional. Marshall states that federal law takes precedence over state law in interstate transportation.
this doctrine marked a long term American policy of preventing bigger powers from interfering in Latin American political affairs. upholds Washington's policy of avoiding engagements in European power struggles.
made in 1825, man- made canal was made to be used to increase trade and stimulate economic growth.
in 1806 the nation took their first steps into making a transportation route of a major east- west highway. it was the only great federally funded transportation project
Robert Fulton's Clermont
a steam boat that traveled 150 miles up the hudson river from New York to Albany in a mere 32 hours
Peter Cooper's Tom Thumb
a locomotive that pulled the nation's first load of train passengers. travelled at a speed of 10 miles per hour on a 13 miles of track between Baltimore and Maryland
began in Britain in 1700's. labor jobs went from hand tools to complex machines. one change leads to another machines and workers replaced home based shops
Francis Lowell's "Lowell's system"
women who work in the factories live in housing places owned by factories. This was to establish a safe environment for the younger girls.
a young New Englander who popularized the interchangeable parts
transforming of gun making from one by one to a factory process. this process made machines turn large quantities of identical pieces that workers assembled into finished weapons.
meant to improve working conditions, labor unions focused on a single trade and pushed for changes that would benefit them. such as shorter hours or a raise in salary.
stopping work in order to achieve their goal
Commonwealth v. Hunt
after President Buren reduced the workday for federal employees the Massachusetts supreme court ruled that union strikes were legal.
a machine meant to pick out the seeds. Gin is short for engine, that rapidly laces through the cotton extracting the seeds.
ordinary farmers, who made up the vast majority of the white population. the would have four or less slaves however most had none at all.
on small farms or plantations, this system was used to so workers were given a specific job that they must complete in order to get the rest of their free time.
this system was for predominantly larger plantations that had groups of the enslaved that worked from sun up to sun down planting ocourding to the season
this code forbod any enslaved men or women to own property or leaving his owner without further consent.
a free African american who worked a wood working shop in Charleston, South Carolina. he was accused of aiding in an armed slave revolt.he was convicted and hung
an enslaved minister that believed that God had chosen him to lead his people out of slavery. he and his followers killed more than 50 white men, women and children until local state troops killed the riot. Turner was sentenced t be hung
Maine became a free state and Missouri became a slave state. this preserved the balance in the senate. slavery was prohibited in the territory of the Louisiana purchase, north of Missouri's southern border.
four candidates run for president in 1824. all who belonged to the republican party were ' favorite sons' men who enjoyed the support f their leaders from their own state and refgion
the national bank, the protective tariff, and the nation wide internal improvements were collectively known as the american system