Social Studies- History
Terms in this set (16)
an assumption based on limited information or knowledge; also means hypothesis, or educated guess
an object taken from an old culture/civilization that helps us understand and learn about their lifestyle
to analyze means to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, and possible results (analysis)
to investigate; a seeking or request for truth, information, or knowledge
to interpret means to explain the meaning of, or to understand and translate (interpretation)
an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason; unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes
a statement of fact expresses only what actually happened, or what could be proven
a judgement that reflects a person's beliefs or feelings; it is not necessarily true
Perspective / Point of View
is the angle from which a story is told; a person has a certain point of view or perspective on a subject matter based upon their own experiences such as where they live, what culture they are from, how old they are, etc.
not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; based on facts; unbiased
having an unfair or unbalanced opinion; since history is a subject where people can express their opinions, it means that we have to be very careful to watch out for historical bias; strongly favors one side with no other side being presented
What are the Stems for the "Historian's Inquiry Questions?"
who, what, when, where, why, how?
What is the Historian's Process?
1. begin with a question
2. collect the facts and evidence from reliable sources
3. consider the point of view / perspective of the source-identify any bias
4. interpret the information and turn it into supportive evidence for your possible theory
5. create a theory (this theory should answer your question in step 1)
6. support or oppose / strengthen (or weaken) your theory using evidence
Important Concepts About Bias
-who wrote the source?
-who is their audience?
-why are they writing the source?
-when did they write the source?
materials produced by people or groups directly involved in the event or given topic; great for quotes; examples are artifacts, photographs, audio or video recordings, paintings from that time, journals, speeches, interviews, memos or manuscripts, etc; firsthand information
a historical work that interprets or analyzes historical events without having any direct connection to that event, but that largely bases itself on primary sources; explanations or interpretations of the past; examples are textbooks, research articles, editorials, encyclopedias, almanacs, etc.
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