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Topic 5 Start of WWI
Terms in this set (40)
In 1882, the _______________ signed a document that promised they would give each other military support in case of a war.
Otto Van Bismarck
Ruler of Germany between 1864 and 1871. In 1879 ______________________ formed the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria Hungary.
In 1882, _____________________ joined the Dual Alliance forming the Triple Alliance.
defensive and conservative
The Alliance agreement stated it was 'essentially _____________________ with the aim of stopping anyone who 'might threaten' the three nations (goal was protection from France).
Kaiser Wilhelm II
In 1890 ______________________ became ruler of Germany forcing his predecessor to resign. He set Germany on a new foreign policy path. He let Germany treaty with Russian lapse.
When the German treaty with Russia lapsed, Russia responded by forming a defensive military alliance with the ______________________.
In 1904, in response to Germany building its empire and enlarging its fleet of ships, ___________ formed an entente, or alliance with France.
The ________________ did not bind Britain to fight with France and Russia but it ensured that Britain would not fight against them.
two front war
The treaty between Russia and France was a big coup for France because a war with either Russia or France would make Germany the enemy of both and force Germany to fight a ____________________.
a war on at least two of a countries borders
two front war - for example in the event of German going to war with either France or Russia who were allies, German would be forced to fight wars on both its eastern and western front.
This area, with its long history of nationalist uprisings and ethnic clashes, was known as the "powder keg" of Europe.
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts. loyalty to one's nation
________________ consists of the countries of Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece.
nations of the Triple Alliance
The _________________________ included Germany, Austria Hungary, Italy
nations of the Triple Entente
The _____________________ included France, Russia, Great Britain
The nations of ___________________________ formed as people fought against and broke away from their Turkish rulers
Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia
had a large Slavic population and hoped to absorb all Slavs on the Balkan Peninsula
_____________ a mostly Slavic nation, supported Serbian nationalism. It also wanted access to Mediterranean Sea.
_____________ which feared rebellion among its small Slavic population, felt threatened by Serbia's growth and did not support Serbian nationalism.
In 1908, Austria annexed, or took over, _____________ and Herzegovina.
After Austrian annexation of areas in the Balkans, Russia offered to back Serbia in fighting Austria; however, when___________________ backed Austria, both Russia and Serbia backed down.
The Black Hand
_____________________ was a secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule.
____________________, assassinated the heir of Austria Hungary and his wife in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Heir of Austria, was assassinated on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia, sparking war between Austria and Serbia.
the policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war
Germany's Blank Check
_______________________ refers to Germany's unconditional support of Austria and its aggressive pursuit of war against Serbia after the assassination of Ferdinand.
In response to the assassination of Ferdinand the __________________ to Serbia was deliberately harsh and unreasonable in order to ignite a war in the Balkans.
ordered the mobilization of troops
On July 28, Austria rejected Serbia's offer (response to the ultimatum) and declared war. That same day, Serbia's ally, Russia ___________________ toward the Russian-Austrian border
Czar Nicholas II
Expecting Germany to join Austria, _________________________ of Russia, also mobilized along the German"as a precaution".
On August 1, the German government __________________ on Russia.
On August 3, expecting them to assist Russia based on its alliance with Russia, the German government declared war on ______________________.
Under ______________, in the event of a two-front war, a large part of the German army would race west, to defeat France, and then return to fight Russia in the east.
Germany demanded that its troops be allowed to pass through ________________ on their way to France.
Belgium, a _______________ country, refused Germany's request so Germany invaded Belgium
__________________, an ally and neighbor of Belgium, then declared war on Germany on August 4.
first consisted of Germany and Austria Hungary who were later joined by Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire
first consisted of Great Britain, France, and Russia who were later joined by Japan and Italy and finally the U.S.
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
mutual defense agreements that pull countries into war
four causes of the war
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