any disturbance that transmits energy through matter or space
a substance through which a wave can travel
waves in which particles vibrate with an up-and-down motion (moving across)
waves in which particles of the medium vibrate back and forth along the path that the wave travels
a section of a longitudinal wave where particles are crowded together
a section of a longitudinal wave where particles are less crowded than normal
the highest point of a transverse wave
the lowest point between each crest of a transverse wave
a combination of transverse waves and longitudinal waves
the maximum distance the wave vibrates from its rest position
the number of waves produced in a given amount of time
the distance between any two adjacent crests or compressions in a series of waves
the speed at which the wave travels
occurs when a wave bounces back after striking a barrier
the bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another
the bending of waves around a barrier or through an opening
the result of two or more waves overlapping
a wave that forms a stationary pattern in which portions of the wave are at the rest position due to total destructive interference and other portions have large amplitude due to constructive interference
when an object vibrating at or near the resonant frequency of a second object causes the second object to vibrate
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