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15 terms

Psychological Disorders

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Last week Becky read that labels can bias perceptions, so she does not support placing diagnostic labels on psychological problems. If you were trying to convince her that these types of labels do have benefits, you might tell her that mental health professionals use labels to
Mental health professionals use diagnostic labels to do all of these things
A large pharmaceutical company is conducting a clinical trial for major depressive disorder. They are concerned with the efficacy and safety of this new antidepressant. Their perspective is in line with the _______________ model.
medical
You have just finished evaluating a person suffering from paranoid schizophrenia who has considerable legal and financial difficulties. You assign a code of 35. This Global Assessment code belongs on which Axis?
V
Andrea experiences extreme anxiety when she approaches any lake. Her therapist suggests that her fear is the result of a traumatic childhood boating accident. The therapist's suggestion reflects a ___________ perspective
learning
If you have an intense fear of speaking in public, eating out, or going to parties, you may be suffering from
social phobia.
Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress the intrusive worry that she may have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Seventy-five-year-old Walter lost his wife to a heart attack two years ago and most of his friends have passed on. His children live in other states and he has no pets. In terms of risk factors for suicide, Walter
is MORE likely to attempt suicide, because the suicide rate surges among older men
A dysthymic disorder is most likely characterized by
a persistently sad mood and low energy level.
John has been having difficulties getting out of bed, is not interested in going out with friends or even answering the phone. He has let a number of bills go unpaid he is sleeping 12-14 hours a day, and he cannot concentrate at work. He has called in sick to work at least once each week. John is most likely suffering from a
major depressive disorder
Mimi works in a hospital psychiatric unit. She cares for a patient with schizophrenia who often stands motionless in a corner for several hours. This ___________ usually ends abruptly and the patient becomes quite agitated.
catatonia
The most common hallucinations experienced in schizophrenia are
auditory
Thirty-year-old Nellie has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Her selective attention is deficient, she is unable to ignore irrelevant stimuli, and she often gives her undivided attention to minute stimuli (e.g., a spotlight shining in a window). This type of attention problem is thought to contribute to
disorganized thoughts
Ever since childhood, Jaime has been eccentric. She exhibits emotionless disengagement to such a great degree that she would likely be diagnosed with
schizoid personality disorder
In a study examining the genetic influences on antisocial personality disorder, Adrian Raine compared the PET scans of murderers' brains to the brains of non-murderers of the same age and sex. Raine reported reduced activity in the murderers' _____________ (a brain area that helps with impulse control)
frontal lobes
People with a ______________ have a tendency to exaggerate their own importance. They do not accept criticism very well, and are known to react with rage or shame
narcissistic personality disorder