5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Which two terms are considered to not be a group?
- The 5 Characteristics of Bureaucracies
- Who is Dr. Asch and what did he study and why?
- Reference Groups
- a The groups we refer to when we evaluate ourselves; EX: family, neighbors, teachers, classmates, co-workers, and the Scouts or the members of a church, synagogue, or mosque
- b Studied conformity; one-third gave in to the group half the time, providing what they knew to be wrong answers, two out of five gave wrong answers, but not as often, and one of four stuck to their guns and always gave the right answer (See page 127)
- c Aggregate and Category
- d 1. Clear levels, with assignments flowing downward and accountability flowing upward 2. A division of labor: each worker has a specific task to fulfill and are coordinated to accomplish the purpose of the organization 3. Written rules 4. Written communications and records 5. Impersonality and replaceability: The office is important, not the individual who holds the office
- e Max Weber; A group that has since become dominant in social life; Shifts the emphasis from traditional relationships based on personal loyalties to the "bottom line"
5 Multiple choice questions
- Refers to people who are linked to one another; Includes your family, friends, acquaintances people at work and school, and "friends of friends"
- Ways of expressing yourself as a leader
- Laurence Peter; Each employee of a bureaucracy is promoted to his or her level of incompetence
- When bureaucracies defy logic by when they apply rules; EX: A woman's brother reported her dead so he could collect inheritance and the bureaucracies would not believe she was dead, even when they saw her in person
- People who influence the behaviors, opinions, or attitudes of others
5 True/False questions
Secondary Groups → Larger and more anonymous, formal, and impersonal than primary groups; Based on some common interest or activity, and their members are likely to interact on the basis of specific statuses, such as president, manager, worker, or student; EX: Contestants for Miss Universe
What psychologist popularized the concept of "six degrees of separation" and what does this concept mean? → George Ritzer; The standardization of everyday life, a process that is transforming our lives; EX: If you want to go shopping, you go to a mall, where there is one-stop shopping in controlled environments or Travel agencies that offer "package" tours
Clique → Georg Simmel; Consists of three people; Can create strain because interaction between the first two people decreases; EX: Husband and wife have a baby, and all attention is placed on the baby and interest is lost between the parents
Who is Dr. Milgram and what did he study and why? → Studied conformity; one-third gave in to the group half the time, providing what they knew to be wrong answers, two out of five gave wrong answers, but not as often, and one of four stuck to their guns and always gave the right answer (See page 127)
Expressive Leader → Usually is not recognized as a leader; this person is more likely to crack jokes, offer sympathy, lift the group's morale