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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Small Group
  2. Bureaucracy
  3. Alienation
  4. In-Groups
  5. Coalitions
  1. a There are few enough members that each one can interact directly with all the other members
  2. b Groups toward which we feel loyalty
  3. c Georg Simmel; Some group members aligning themselves against others; It is not uncommon for two members of a triad to feel stronger bonds and to prefer one another, leaving the third person hurt and excluded
  4. d Karl Marx; When workers begin to feel more like objects than people; workers are being cut off from the finished product of their labor
  5. e Max Weber; A group that has since become dominant in social life; Shifts the emphasis from traditional relationships based on personal loyalties to the "bottom line"

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Bureaucracies, with their rules and emphasis on results, would increasingly dominate our lives
  2. People who influence the behaviors, opinions, or attitudes of others
  3. Stanley Milgram; One average, everyone in the United States is separated by just six individuals; EX: I,the "starter" need to send a letter to someone who lives in a state where I know no one. I would send it to someone I know who might know someone in that state. The letter would get to the "target" in just six jumps
  4. Irving Janis; Refers to the collective tunnel vision that group members sometimes develop; as they begin to think alike, they become convinced that there is only one "right" viewpoint and a single course of action to follow
  5. Georg Simmel; Smallest possible group that consists of two people; The most intense or intimate of human groups because only two people are involved; The interaction is focused on them; Tend to be unstable because one member can be uninterested and the group will collapse

5 True/False questions

  1. Social NetworkSimply a statistic; Consists of people who share similar characteristics; EX: all college women who wear glasses, all men over 6 feet tall

          

  2. Red Tape: A Rule Is A RuleLaurence Peter; Each employee of a bureaucracy is promoted to his or her level of incompetence

          

  3. TriadGeorg Simmel; Smallest possible group that consists of two people; The most intense or intimate of human groups because only two people are involved; The interaction is focused on them; Tend to be unstable because one member can be uninterested and the group will collapse

          

  4. Who is Dr. Milgram and what did he study and why?Studied conformity; one-third gave in to the group half the time, providing what they knew to be wrong answers, two out of five gave wrong answers, but not as often, and one of four stuck to their guns and always gave the right answer (See page 127)

          

  5. What are the dysfunctions of bureaucracies?Red Tape, Bureaucratic Alienation, Bureaucratic Incompetence