Language Variation Terms for Midterm
Terms in this set (42)
Means that two variables have an association with each other . Either positive or negative
Phonological or grammatical linguistic feature that can be related in different ways.
Sample of Convenience
Sample that is easiest to obtain.
Differs from another. Ex- X is a variant of Y
Represented by ~. Ex- X~Y
Shared by all members of a speech community. Encode social distance and formality. Ex- contractions, full NP's.
Language style associated with a particular situation or group of people. Ex- Parentese, elder speak
A specialized variety used by those in the same profession or hobby.
Informal specialized vocabulary from a particular field of study, hobby, or sport.
Study of language at a given short period of time.
Language change over time.
People tend to move their speech closer to the person they're talking to.
Verb with "ing" on it.
Two Message Patterns
Aligned variant, supportive and informal.
Words used in a language. Ex- Soda vs. pop vs. Coke etc.
Sound of language, pronunciation.
How phrase is constructed. Ex- "about to" vs. "fixing to".
In a realistic manner or degree. Ex- Being honest or being rude.
Separate speakers who use different forms or usages, reflect phonological, grammatical, and lexical differences.
Incorrect speech, derived from Greek.
Requires frequent contact and social cohesion.
Requires barriers to communication and social distance.
Reflect settlement and/or transportation patterns and economic and/or political history.
Saying Tuesday vs. Toosday.
The study and classification of speech sounds.
The vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge.
The branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning.
The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language. Clause structure, systemic organization of semantic units.
In terms of linguistics, a discourse is an instance of language use whose type can be classified on the basis of such factors as grammatical and lexical choices and their distribution in.
The branch of linguistics dealing with language in use and the contexts in which it is used.
Contrasted units of meaning, semantic units.
Norms of Interpretation
Shared by members of a speech community.
Norms of Production
Not shared by members of a speech community.
Words finding difficulties and reduced syntactic complexity.
Hearing loss with results in dependency on prosody and redundancy.
Verboseness: an expressive style that uses excessive or empty words.
When something is noticed when it is out of place in a situation.
The way language alters the base meaning of a word by adding a linguistic particle that has no meaning on its own. The unmarked form of a word carries the meaning that goes without saying, what you think of when you're not thinking anything special.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Academic English (SAT GMAT TOEIC TOEFL IELTS)
Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Concepts
English 219 Final
LD:Chapter 1: The territory
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
ENGL 4340 Final
ENGl 4710 Final
ENGL 4710 Midterm
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IPA: American English Consonants
Gender Studies Midterm
International Economic Institutions
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): Consonants