civics chapter 4
Terms in this set (46)
bill of rights
the 1st 10 amendments to the US constitution became a model used around the world to protect human freedoms
separation of church and state
there should be a clear division between government and religion
having to testify against one's self
due process of law
a person cannot be punished for a crime until the law has been fairly applied to his or her case
the power to take private property for public use
is money or property that the accused gives the court to hold
Why did the states want a bill added to the Constitution?
many people believed that the constitution did not go far enough in protecting individual rights
how does the bill of rights help to ensure that the US remains a democracy ?
so that everyone has their own rights and freedoms that the gov. does not control
what led to the creation of the 2nd amendment
Who was one of the many people who wanted their rights in a bill/list? Who did not like this idea?
thomas jefferson, alexander hamiliton
why did hamiliton disagree with the freedoms being put in a list
he said we already had one
in what year did the states ratify the bill of rights
rights guaranteed to all US citizens
the right to vote
a tax a person has to pay to register to vote
how did the 13th amendment change the US
banned slavery in the US
What rights were included in the 14th amendment
full citizenship to african americans, no state could take away a citizen's life, liberty, or property without due process of law, every citizen has equal protection
what 2 groups of people gained the right to vote with the 15th and 19th amendments
women and african americans
what caused many Americans to feel that the voting age should be lowered?
the Vietnam War
What amendment gave women the right to vote
what state became the 1st state to give women the right to vote
outlawed slavery in the US
what did the emancipation proclamation do
banned slavery in the Confederate states
voting is one of the basic?
principiles of citizenship
in the colonies, who was allowed to vote?
only white men with property
gave citizens living in the district of columbia the right to vote for the president/vp
banned the use of poll taxes as requirements for voting in national elections
lowered voting age in all elections to 18
when the country needs a huge amount of soldiers, it can establish this to make men of certain ages and qualifications to go to war
limited by law to a certain number per household
citizens must serve on jury if called to do so
how can you participate in gov. even if you are not old enough to vote or run for office
join political parties/hand out flyers about them
What are the responsibilities that each citizen has to the country?
voting, taking part in gov, helping your community, and respecting and protecting others' rights, being informed
what are the duties of citizens
obeying the law, attending school,paying taxes,serving in armed forces, appearing in court
what age can you legally drop out of school
What does education give citizens ?
gives citizens the skills they need to join the work force and help the economy grow
we pay __________ taxes on the money we earn everyday
we pay taxes on ?
everything we buy
tax money pays for?
police/fire protection/public schools/national security and defense
draft laws require?
men of certain ages and qualifications to serve in the US military
The US has not had a draft since
1973, during the Vietnam War
Why do 18 yr old men still have to register for the drafts?
this allows to gov. to keep trace of names and addresses should another draft ever be needed
what must citizens do if they are called a witness?
testify in court
every citizen can vote at what age?
citizens need to be informed about what before they vote?
about the candidates, current events, and key issues
how can you take part in gov?
run for office or go out and educate people on political parties and their views