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20 terms

African Societies and Empires 2

STUDY
PLAY
gold nuggets
kept in hiding by the king in order to regulate its price
Mansa Musa
famous ruler of Mali
Mali
One of the great west African trading Empires. They were rich in gold and established a vast trading network across the Sahara desert. Greatest ruler was Mansa Musa, who converted to Islam and made a famous pilgrimage.
Ghana
the first West African empire based on the gold and salt trade
Songhai
The three empires in Africa were Ghana, Mali, and___
Hausa
a language group located on the Niger river, organized into city states, never united due to constant fighting with each other. Were famous farmers, and traders of slaves, cotton, crops, cold, salt.
Benin
West African kingdom that flourished in Nigera from the 14th to the 17th century
Portugal
Foreign country with constant interference in African trade and politics
Timbuktu
Mansa Musa created this cultural center after he went on hajj
Mogadishu
An ancient and current east African trading city
camels
Along with Islam and coastal cities, these revolutionized the gold salt trade
Askia Muhammed and Sunni Ali
famous rulers of the Songhai Empire
salt
nutrient essential for human life, because of this, valuable trade item.
1700's
The slave trade increased dramatically here due to the demand for labor in the "new world"
Karl Mauch
archaeologist of The Great Zimbabwe. His work is an example of incompetent and racist scholarship.
cowrie shells
Used as money by many traders
oases
Places where traders stopped for water
conquest
Many African lands became Muslim through this.
hunting gathering societies
Composed of small groups of people who traveled from point to point as the climate and availability of plants and animals dictated. The Efe is an example of this type of group.
Kawara
famous West African mosque