The Roaring 20s
Terms in this set (35)
This was an economic and political system based on a single-party government ruled by a dictatorship.
Sacco and Vanzetti
These were both Italian immigrants and anarchists, and both had evaded the draft during World War I.
This was a president that favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up, and gave business more available credit in order to expand.
John L. Lewis
This was a leader of the United Mine Workers of America.
Warren G. Harding
This was a president who started term in 1921 and he turned out to be a poor president.
This was a tariff that raised taxes on some U.S. imports to 60 percent- the highest level ever.
This was a policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs.
This was a system that established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country.
Teapot Dome scandal
This was a spectacular example of corruption. It involved a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921.
This was a plan that enabled people to buy goods over an extended period without having to put down much money at the time of purchase.
Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support.
people who oppose organized government
Warren G. Harding
Pres.1921 laissez-faire. "return to normalcy" after WWI and Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, surrounded himself with cronies (used office for private gain). Died after 3 years in office, VP: Coolidge took over
friends and political supporters of President Harding who were given government jobs. Many of the appointees were unqualified and corrupt.
the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions. Caused by automobile in the 1920s
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by the 18th amendment
Illegal bar that served liquor during Prohibition
John T. Scopes
An educator in Tennessee who was arrested for teaching evolution. This trial represented the Fundamentalist vs the Modernist. The trial placed a negative image on fundamentalists, and it showed a changing America.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
a young woman in the 1920s who flaunted her unconventional conduct and dress
a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
1921 - founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Was part of both the jazz age and the lost generation. Wrote books encouraging the flapper culture, and books scorning wealthy people being self-centered.
American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
James Weldon Johnson
NAACP leader and Harlem Renaissance writer; he wrote poetry and, with his brother, the song "Lift Every Voice and Sing."
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality.
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
African American actor and singer who promoted African American rights and left-wing causes
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
he was one of New York's most successful bandleaders, resident at Harlem's Cotton Club
African American blues singer who played and important role in the Harlem Reniassance.