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Congess of Vienna
a series of meetings in 1814-1815 during which the European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon
Klemens von Metternich
the foreign minister of Austria who was the most influential leader during the congress of Vienna
Balance of power
a political situation in which on one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
a league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe
a series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century devised by Prince Klemens con Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
in the first half of the 19th century, a European- usually a wealthy landowner of noble- who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
in the 1st half of the 19th century, a European- usually a middle class business leader or merchant- who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments
in the first half of the 19th century, a European who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all people
the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation- that is, to the people who whom they share a culture and history- rather than to a king or empire
region that included part of Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, TUrkey, and the former Yugoslavia
Napoleon Bonaparte's nephew who won the presidential election in France but later took the title of Emperor Napoleon III
Czar Nicholas I's son who decided to move Russia towards modernization and social change
Camilo di Cavour
Italy's first prime minister who came to governing in 1852 alongside king Victor Emmanuel II
a bold and visionary soldier who led a small army of Italian nationalists to battle in 1860 and captured Sicily
"the politics of reality"- the practice of tough power politics without room for idealism
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