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21 terms

Stewart Quest- Congress of Vienna

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Congess of Vienna
a series of meetings in 1814-1815 during which the European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon
Klemens von Metternich
the foreign minister of Austria who was the most influential leader during the congress of Vienna
Balance of power
a political situation in which on one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
legitimacy
the hereditary right of a monarch to rule
Holy Alliance
a league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe
a series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century devised by Prince Klemens con Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
conservative
in the first half of the 19th century, a European- usually a wealthy landowner of noble- who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
liberal
in the 1st half of the 19th century, a European- usually a middle class business leader or merchant- who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments
radical
in the first half of the 19th century, a European who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all people
nationalism
the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation- that is, to the people who whom they share a culture and history- rather than to a king or empire
nation-state
an independent geopolitical unit of people having a common culture and identity
the Balkans
region that included part of Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, TUrkey, and the former Yugoslavia
Louis-Napoleon
Napoleon Bonaparte's nephew who won the presidential election in France but later took the title of Emperor Napoleon III
Alexander II
Czar Nicholas I's son who decided to move Russia towards modernization and social change
Russification
the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian Empire
Camilo di Cavour
Italy's first prime minister who came to governing in 1852 alongside king Victor Emmanuel II
Giuseppe Garibaldi
a bold and visionary soldier who led a small army of Italian nationalists to battle in 1860 and captured Sicily
Junker
strongly conservative members of Prussia's wealthy landowning class
Otto von Bismarck
A conservative Junker who was prime minister of Germany in 1862
realpolitik
"the politics of reality"- the practice of tough power politics without room for idealism
kaiser
a German emperor (from the Roman title Caesar)