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The female reproductive system(Barrons Anatomy book review)

(Barrons Anatomy book review) Test 2
STUDY
PLAY
The major organs of the female reproductive system are enclosed within an extesive mesentery called the _________________.
broad ligament
The organs where egg cells are produced in the female reproduction tract are the ___________.
ovaries
Hormones produced by cells of the female reproductive tract are progesterone and _____________.
estrogen
The ligaments that support the ovary are the ovarian ligament and the _______________.
suspensory ligament
Immature egg cells contained within the ovary are known as ________________.
oocytes
The expanded funnel of the fallopian tube is the _____________.
infundibulum
The projections that extend from the fallopian tube into the pelvic cavity are _______________.
fimbriae
Fertilization of the egg cell by the sperm cell usually takes place in the _______________.
fallopian tube
Transport of the egg through the fallopian tube is encouraged by the movement of hairlike cell appendages called _________________.
cilia
The hallow organ where the embryo develops in the female is the _______________.
uterus
The fallopian tubes enter the uterus at the bulging upper surface of the body of the uterus called the ________________.
fundus
The neck of the uterus that projects into the vagina is called the _______________.
cervix
The inner layer of the uterine wall partially slughed off during menstruation is the ______________.
endometrium
The middle layer of the uterine wall composed of thick muscle layers is the _____________.
myometrium
The muscular tube extending between the uterus and the external genitalia is the _______________.
vagina
The fold of the epithelium partially blocking the entrance to the vagina prior to sexual activity is the ___________.
hymen
The muscular tube where sperm cells are deposited during sexual intercourse is the ______________.
vagina
The vulva is an alternate term for the _______________.
external genitalia
The small mass of erectile tussue that enlarges during female sexual arousal is the ___________.
clitoris
During sexual intercourse, lubricants are produced by the glands known as the greater vestibular gland and the ________________.
paraurethral glands
Two elongated folds of skin that encircle and partially conceal the labia minora and the structures of the vestibule are the _______________.
labia majora
After birth, the newborn gains nourishment from the milk secreted from the ______________.
mammary glands
The production of milk is called ___________.
lactation
The pattern of physiological and structural changes in the female reproductive tract occuring in response to changes of the ovarian hormones is known as the ______________.
menstral cycle
The ejection of milk is mediated by the hormone _____________.
oxytocin
The length of time for a complete menstral cycle to occur is about _______________.
28 days
The stage of the menstral cycle during which the follicles develop in the ovaries and the endometrium is regenerated is the ___________.
proliferative stage
A surge of estrogen and progesterone accompany the release of the egg cell from the follicle, a process known as ____________.
ovualtion
The process by which the egg cells are formed in the ovary is known as ___________.
oogenesis
The primitive egg cells that will pass through oogenesis to form mature egg cells are called ____________.
oogonia
Layers of cells surrounding the primary oocytes form a structure called the _____________.
follicle
Within the ovary, the follicle grows and matures under the influence of the hormone ___________.
follicle stimulation hormone
The mature egg cell is also known as a(n) __________.
ovum
The number of chromosomes present in the mature egg cell is _____________.
23
After the egg cell is released from the follicle, the follicle cells form a structure called the ____________.
corpus luteum
When an egg cell unites with a sperm cell, the resulting fertilized egg cell is called the _____________.
zygote
The fertilized egg cell forms two cells, then four cells, then eight cells, by the process of ______________.
cleavage
The hallow ball of cells resulting from multiple divisions of the fertilized egg cell is the _________________.
blastocyst
The process in which the blastocyst contacts the wall of the endometrium and buries itself therein is called the ___________________.
implantation
Within the uterus, the organ that produces hormones and provides a medium forthe transfer of nutrients, gases, and waste products between embryonic and maternal bloodstreams is the _______________.
placenta
A reliable indication that fertilization has taken place is the presence in the bloodstream of the hormone ____________.
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
The hormone produced by the corpus luteum, which prevents the contractions of the uterus, is known as ________________.
progesterone
During the first two months after implantation, the developing individual is referred to as a(n) _____________.
embryo
The germ layer that develops into the skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles, blood, bone, and other organs is the ______________.
mesoderm
The germ layer that develops into the gastrointestinal system, many of the glands, and structures of the urinary and respiratory tract is the ____________________.
endoderm
The sac that entirely encloses the embryo during development is the _____________.
amnion
The long rope like structure extending from the placenta to the embryo during the development is known as the _____________.
umbilical cord
During the final seven months of pregnancy, the developing individual is known as a(n) ____________.
fetus
The heartbeat begins, ossification takes place in the bones, and the body systems are developing during preganancy in month number ___________.
three
During the early stages of birth, contractions of the uterus are stimulated by a hormone released from the pituitary gland, known as _____________.
oxytocin