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23 terms

dgp parts of speech

honors english 10, violette, 2nd semester dgp final,
STUDY
PLAY
reflexive pronoun
(reflect back to "self") myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
relative pronoun
(start dependent clauses) that, which, whom, who, whose
interrogative pronoun
(ask a question) which? whose? what? whom? who?
demonstrative prnouns
(demonstrate which one) this, that, these, those
indefinite pronoun
(don't refer to a definite person or thing) each, either, neither, few, some, all, most, another, much, more, anybody, somebody, none
helping verbs
(helps an action verb or linking verb-if 3 verbs, first 2 are helping) is, be, am, are, was, had, do, does, did
linking verbs
(links two words together) is, be, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, [english is fun, english=fun]
present
happening now
past
happened previously
future
will happen
present perfect
have or has plust past participle (have jumped, has talked, have been eating, has been falling)
past perfect
had plust the past participle (had jumped, had talked, had been eating)
future perfect
will have or shall have plus past participle (will have jumped, shall have talked, will have been eating)
gerund
verb acting like a noun, (ends in -ing)
participle
verb acting like an adjective (ends in -ing or -ed)
infinitive
to + verb, can act like a noun (i like to eat), an adjective (It's the best place to eat), or adverb (i need a pen to write a letter)
adverb
how, when, where? modifies adjectives (really cute), verbs(extremely fast), and other adverbs (very easily)
adjective
modifies nouns and pronouns, which one? how many? what kind?
articles
a, the, an
preposition
shows relationship between noun/pronoun and other word (at, before, below, by, during, etc.)
coordinating conjunction
connects words, phrases, and clauses-FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
subordinating conjunctions
starts dependent clauses (and therefore must be followed by subject and verb) after, since, before, while, because, although, so that, if, when
correlative conjunctions
connects words, phrases, and clauses (not only/but also, neither/nor, either/or, both/and)