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the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects tht are passed from one generation to the next
the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as their art, buildings, weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry
(also called symbolic culture) a group's ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values, and other assumptions about the world) and doing (its common patterns of behavior, including language and other forms of interaction)
the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken for granted assumption about life
the use of one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other individuals or societies, generally leading to a negative evaluation of their values, norms, and behaviors
a system of symbols that can be combined in an infinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but also abstract thought.
the standards by which people define what is desirable or undesirable, good or bad, beautiful or ugly
The group whose values, norms, traditions, and outlooks are imposed on the society as a whole
norms that are strictly enforced because they are thought essential to core values or the well-being of the group
the values and related behaviors of a group that distinguish its members from the larger culture; a world within a world
a group whose values, beliefs and related behaviors place its members in opposition to the broader culture
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