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101 terms

Regulatory Compliance

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Alternative Container
an unfinished wood box or other non-metal receptacle or enclosure, without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which made of fiberboard, pressed-wood, composition materials (with or without an outside covering) or like materials.
Alternative Container
an unfinished wood box or other non-metal receptacle or enclosure, without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which made of fiberboard, pressed-wood, composition materials (with or without an outside covering) or like materials.
Alternative Price Lists
Price lists which may be prepared for use in certain limited situations such as children/infants, for government agencies to provide for indigent persons, for agreements with religious groups, burial or memorial societies for members of their group.
Cash Advance Items
any item of service or merchandise described to a purchaser as a "cash advance," "accommodation," "cash disbursement," or similar term. A cash advance item is also any item obtained from a third party and paid for by the funeral provider on the purchaser's behalf. Cash advance items may include, but are not limited to: cemetery or crematory services; pallbearers; public transportation; clergy honorarium; flowers; musicians or singers; nurses; obituary notices; gratuities; and death certificates.
Casket
a rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, fiberglass, plastic, or like material, and ornamented and lined with fabric. (FTC definition)
Casket Handling Fees
Charge, fee or surcharge applied to consumers who purchase their casket elsewhere (from a source other than the price list/funeral provider).
Casket Price List (CPL)
A printed or typewritten list of the casket and alternative containers normally offered for sale by the funeral provider which do not require special ordering. CPL must include retail price and enough descriptive information to enable consumers to identify the merchandise.
Commission
refers to the Federal Trade Commission.
Cremation
a heating process which incinerates human remains.
Crematory
any person, partnership or corporation that performs cremation and sells funeral goods.
Direct Cremation
a disposition of human remains by cremation, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present.
Effective Date
date the specific Price List was put into use.
Exigent Circumstances
situation requiring immediate action or urgency: when exigent circumstances exist the funeral provider might embalm without permission.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
an agency of the federal government created in 1914 to promote free and fair competition by prevention of trade restraints, price fixing, false advertising, and other unfair methods of competition.
Forwarding of Remains
One of the categories required to be itemized on the GPL (if the funeral provider offers the service). This involves services of the funeral provider in the locale where death occurs and preparation for transfer to another funeral provider as selected by the family (consumer). Funeral Rule required package pricing of this service with a description of the components included.
Free Items
none of the 16 items required by the Rule to be separately itemized on the GPL can be listed as free or no charge. Items not required by the rule can be listed as free.
Funeral Ceremony
a service commemorating the deceased with the body present.
Funeral Goods
the goods which are sold or offered for sale directly to the public for use in connection with funeral services.
Funeral Provider
any person, partnership, or corporation that sells or offers to sell funeral goods and funeral services to the public.
Funeral Services
any services which may be used to: 1) care for and prepare decease human bodies for burial, cremation or other final disposition; and 2) arrange, supervise, or conduct the funeral ceremony or the final disposition of deceased human bodies.
General Price List (GPL)
A printed or typewritten list of goods and services offered for sale by a funeral provider with retail prices. GPL is considered the keystone of the Funeral Rule.
Graveside Service
ceremony commemorating the deceased at place of final disposition.
Immediate Burial
a disposition of human remains by burial, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present, except for a graveside service.
Itemization
the method of price quotation by which each unit of service and/or merchandise is priced separately.
Mandatory Disclosures
Statements required by the FTC rule which cannot be modified or edited and must appear in a clear and conspicuous manner.
Memorial Service
a ceremony commemorating the deceased without the body present.
Non-declinable Service Fee
Basic services is the only fee which the consumer cannot decline (unless state or local law require otherwise). Funeral provider should recover expenses for services, facilities, or unallocated overhead in this charge.
Outer Burial Container
any container which is designed for placement in the grave around the casket including, but not limited to, container commonly known as burial vaults, grave boxes, and grave liners.
Outer Burial Container Price List (OBC PL)
Printed or typewritten list of outer burial containers normally offered for sale by the funeral provider which do not require special ordering. OBC PL must include retail price and enough descriptive information to enable consumers to identify the merchandise.
Package Funerals
use of a single dollar amount to identify the charge for a group or bundle of goods and/or services.
Person
any individual, partnership, corporation, association, government, or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity.
Receiving Remains
one of the categories required to be itemized on the GPL (if the funeral provider offers the service). This involves services of the funeral provider after initial services have been provided by another firm at the locale of death. Funeral Rule requires package pricing of this service with a description of the components included.
Services of Funeral Director and Staff
the basic services, not to be included in prices of other categories, that are furnished by a funeral provider in arranging any funeral, such as conducting the arrangements conference, planning the funeral, obtaining necessary permits, and placing obituary notices.
Statement of Funeral Goods and Services Selected
an itemized written statement provided for retention to each person who arranges a funeral or other disposition. It must include the goods and services selected and prices paid for each, itemization of cash advance items and total cost.
Telephone Price Disclosure
Funeral provider must give consumers who call accurate information from the price lists and answer questions about offerings and prices with readily available information.
Triggering Event
The occurrence of situtation that requires certain action (i.e. the triggering event for giving out the GPL is face to face meeting.
Tying Arrangements
Exist when a seller requires the purchase of unwanted items/services in order to obtain the desired item/service.
Chemical
any element, chemical compound or mixture of elements and/or compounds
Chemical Manufacturer
means an employer with a workplace where chemical(s) are produced for use of distribution
Chemical Name
means the scientific designations of a chemical in accordance with the nomenclature system develolped by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) or the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) rules of nomenclature, or a name which will clearly identify the chemical for the purpose of conducting a hazard evaluation
Combustible Liquid
means any liquid having a flashpoint at or above 100 degrees F (37.8 degrees C), but below 200 degrees F (93.3 degrees C), or higher, the total volume of which make up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture
Common Name
means any designation or identification such as code name, code number, trade name, brand name, or generic name used to identify a chemical other than by its chemical name
Compressed Gas
(1) a gas or mixture of gases having, in a container, an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 70 degrees F (21.1 degrees C); or (2) a gas or mixture of gases having, in a container, an absolute pressure exceeding 104 psi at 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) regardless of the pressure at 70 degrees (21.1 degrees C); or (3) a liquid having a vapor pressure exceeding 40 psi at 100 degrees F (37.8 degrees C) as determined by ASTM D-323-72
Container
means any bag, barrel, bottle, box, can, cylinder, drum, reaction vessel, storage tank, or the like that contains a hazardous chemical.
Distributor
means a business, other than a chemical manufacturer or importer, which supplies hazardous chemicals to other distributors or to employees
Employee
means a worker who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals under normal operating conditions or in foreseeable emergencies. Workers such as office workers who encounter hazardous chemicals only in non-routine, isolated instances are not covered
Employer
means a person engaged in a business where chemicals are either used, distributed, or are produced for use or distribution, including a contractor or subcontractor
Explosive
means a chemical that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, and heat when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, or high temperature
Exposure or Exposed
means that an employee is subjected in the course of employment to a chemical that is a physical or health hazard, and includes potential (e.g. accidental or possible) exposure. "Subjected" in terms of health hazards includes any route of entry (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, or absorption)
Flammable
(1) Aerosol, means an aerosol that, when tested yields a flame projection exceeding 18 inches at full valve opening, or a flashback (a flame extending back to the valve) at any degree of valve opening, (2) Gas, means a gas that, at ambient temperature and pressure forms a flammable mixture with air at a concentration of 13 percent by volume, (3) Liquid, means any liquid having a flashpoint below 100 degrees F (37.8 degrees C), the total of which makes up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture, (4) Solid, means a solid, other than a blasting agent or explosive that is liable to cause fire through friction, absorption of moisture, spontaneous chemical change, retained heat, or which can be ignited readily and when ignited burns so vigorously and persistently as to create a serious hazard
Foreseeable Emergency
means any potential occurrence such as, but not limited to, equipment failure, rupture of containers, or failure of control equipment which could result in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous chemical into the workplace
Hazardous Chemical
means any chemical which is a physical hazard or a health hazard
Hazard Warning
means any words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof appearing on a label or other appropriate form of warning which convey the specific health hazard(s) including target organ effects, of the chemical(s) in the container(s)
Health Hazard
means a chemical for which there is statistically significant evidence based on at least one study conducted that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees:
• Carcinogen
any substance or agent producing or inciting the development of cancerous growth in living tissue
• Corrosive
any substance that causes visible destruction, or irreversible alterations, in living tissue by chemical action
• Irritant
any material which at the site of contact causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action
• Sensitizer
any material that after repeated exposure on people or animals causes a substantial number of exposed people or animals to develop an allergic reaction in normal tissue
• Toxic or Highly Toxic Agent
any poisonous material that causes harmful effects on the body through ingestion, inhalation, or physical contact
o Nephrotoxins
chemicals capable of damaging the kidneys
o Neurotoxins
chemicals producing primary toxic effects on the nervous system
o Reproductive Toxins
poisonous chemicals having harmful effects on the reproductive system
Hematotoxins
chemicals acting on the blood
Identity
means any chemical or common name which is indicated on the Material Data Safety Sheets (MSDS) for the chemcial. The identity used shall permit cross-references to be made among the required list of hazardous chemicals and the MSDS
Immediate Use
means that the hazardous chemical will be under the control of an used only by the person who transfers it from a labeled container and only within the work shift in which it is transferred
Label
means any written, printed, or graphic material displayed on or affixed to containers of hazardous chemicals
Material Data Safety Sheet (MSDS)
means written or printed material concerning a hazardous chemical
Mixture
means any combination of two or more chemicals if the combination is not, in whole or in part, the result of a chemical reaction
Organic Peroxides
an organic compound containing the bivalent O-O structure and which may be considered a peroxide derivative with one or both of the hydrogen atoms replaced by an organic molecule. They are a dangerous fire and explosive risk
Oxidizer
means a substance that initiates or promotes combustion in other materials, thereby causing fire either of itself or through the release of oxygen or other gases
Physical Hazard
means a chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidence that it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable or water reactive
Pyrophoric
means a chemical that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) or below
Responsible Party
means someone who can provide additional information on the hazardous chemical and appropriate emergency procedures, if necessary
Unstable
means a chemical which in the pure state, or as produced or transported, will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under conditions of shocks, pressure, or temperature
Water Reactive
means a chemical that reacts with water to release a gas that is either flammable or presents a health hazard
Work Area
means a room or defined space in a workplace where hazardous chemicals are produced or used, and where employees are present
Workplace
means an establishment, job site, or project, at one geographical location containing one or more work areas
Hepatotoxins
chemicals capable of producing liver damage
Bloodborne Pathogens
microscopic organisms in human blood and body fluids that can cause disease in humans. They include Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) and Hepatitis-B (HBV) viruses plus others.
Occupational Exposure
means contact with contaminated blood or other infectious materials on the job. It can involve exposure of the eyes, mouth, or other mucous membrane, or exposure through skin that has been scaped, cut, punctured, or injured in any way.
Body Fluids
are those that the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) identify as directly linked to passing on diseases like HIV and HBV. These fluids include: blood, blood products, semen, vaginal secretions, fluids of the brain and spine, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, and any body fluid that is visibily contaminated with blood. In situations where it is difficult or impossible to tell which body fluids are present, assume that all fluids are infectious.
Universal Precautions
are safety procedures to be followed in the handling of human remains, blood, and body fluids. These procedures are based on the required assumption that all human remains may be infected with HIV or HBV virus or other bloodborne pathogens.
Contamination
means the presence, or probable presence, of blood or other materials that may be infectious, on an item or surface.
Decontamination
is the process of removing, inactivating, or destroying bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they can no longer pass on infections. Physical or chemical means may be used in this process, which makes surfaces and items safe for handling, use, or disposal.
Personal Protective Equipment
is specialized clothing or equipment that an employee wears to protect against a hazard. General work clothing, like pants, shirts, or blouses, are not considered personal protective equipment because they are not intended to protect against bloodborne pathogens and other hazards.
Exposure Incident
means a specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employee's duties.
Contaminated
the presence or the reasonably anticpated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface.
Contaminated Sharps
are any contaminated object than can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to needles, scalpels, broken, broken capillary tubes and exposed ends of dental wires.
Engineering Controls
any controls (e.g. sharps disposal containers self-sheathing needles) that isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogens hazard from the workplace.
Handwashing Facilities
are facilities providing an adequate supply of running water, soap, and single use towels or hot air drying machines.
HBV
means Hepatitis B Virus.
HIV
means Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
Parenteral
means piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions.
Blood
means human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.
Direct Exposure Incident
is a contamination via any of the following routes of exposure:
• Percutaneous Exposure
contaminated needlestick or puncture - cuts with sharp objects contaminated with blood or body fluid
• Mucous Membrane Exposure
blood or body fluid contact with the surface of the eye or mucous membranes of the nose or mouth
• Cutaneous Exposure
blood or body fluid contact with chapped, abraded, or otherwise non-intact skin
Time Weighted Average (TWA)
A concentration of .75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (.75 ppm) averaged over an 8 hour period.
Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
A concentration of 2 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (2 ppm) during a 15 minute period.
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines IDLH as 20 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (1996);NIOSH has determined that at this level of exposure serious injury and or death may result