75 terms

Terminologia Anatomica

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longus, longior, longissimus
latus, latior, latissimus
sıfatlar isimlerden sonra gelir
primus
1.
birinci
secundus
2.
ikinci
tertius
3. üçüncü
quartus
4.
dördüncü
quintus
5.
beşinci
sextus
6.
altıncı
septimus
7.
yedinci
octavus
8.
sekizinci
nonus
9.
dokuzuncu
decimus
10.
onuncu
undecimus
11.
onbirinci
duodecimus
12.
onikinci
abductio
1. Movement of a body part away from the median plane (of the body, in the case of limbs; of the hand or foot, in the case of digits).
2. Monocular rotation (duction) of the eye toward the temple.

Movement of an extremity on a transverse plane away from the axis or midline, where the axis lies on the frontal and sagittal planes.
adductio
1. Movement of a body part toward the median plane (of the body, in the case of limbs; of the hand or foot, in the case of digits).
2. Monocular rotation (duction) of the eye toward the nose.

movement of the arm inwards to the side of the body, of a leg inwards towards the other leg, of a thumb, finger or toe towards the middle of the hand or foot
rotatio externa
...
rotatio interna
...
circumductio
circular movement of a limb or of the eye.

1 one of the four basic movements allowed by the various joints of the skeleton. It is a combination of abduction, adduction, extension, and flexion. An example is the motion of a bone whose head articulates with a cavity, such as the femur with the acetabulum. The motion of the bone circumscribes a cone, the apex of which is in the cavity and the base of which is described by the distal end of the bone.
flexio
...
extentio
1. the movement by which the two ends of any jointed part are drawn away from each other.
2. a movement bringing the members of a limb into or toward a straight condition.(Yukarı doğru kalkmış olan ayağın tekrar düz konuma gelmesi )
pronatio
the act of assuming the prone position, or the state of being prone. Applied to the hand, turning the palm backward (posteriorly) or downward, performed by medial rotation of the forearm. Applied to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements taking place in the tarsal and metatarsal joints and resulting in lowering of the medial margin of the foot, hence of the longitudinal arch.

n medial rotation of the radioulnar joint to face the palm down.
supinatio
the act of assuming the supine position, or the state of being supine. Applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm forward (anteriorly) or upward, performed by lateral rotation of the forearm. Applied to the foot, it generally implies movements resulting in raising of the medial margin of the foot, hence of the longitudinal arch.
oppositio
The ability to move the thumb into contact with the other fingers across the palm of the hand.

the relation between the thumb and the other digits of the hand for the purpose of grasping objects between the thumb and fingers.
repositio
Movement returning palm and fingers from opposed position; opposite of opposition.

Restoration of an organ or tissue to its correct or original position.
Partes corporis humani
insan vücudunun bölümleri
caput
the head; a general term applied to the expanded or chief extremity of an organ or part.
sinciput
the upper and front part of the head. adj., adj sincip´ital.
occiput
the back part of the head.
tempora
The temples.
[L. pl. of tempus]
auris
the ear
[plural] the ear, critical judgment, taste
the ear of a plough, earth-board
facies
The front portion of the head; the visage, including eyes, nose, mouth, forehead, cheeks, and chin; excludes ears.
oculus
eye
The organ of vision that consists of the eyeball and the optic nerve;
bucca
cheek

1. the fleshy portion of either side of the face. Called also bucca and mala.
2. any fleshy protuberance resembling the cheek of the face.
cleft cheek facial cleft caused by developmental failure of union between the maxillary and frontonasal prominences.
nasus
nose

That portion of the respiratory pathway above the hard palate; includes both the external nose and the nasal cavity.
os
bone

. the hard, rigid form of connective tissue constituting most of the skeleton of vertebrates, composed chiefly of calcium salts.
mentum
chin

The prominence formed by the anterior projection of the mandible, or lower jaw.
collum
the neck, or a necklike part.
truncus
1. The body (trunk or torso), excluding the head and extremities.
thorax
The upper part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen; formed by the 12 thoracic vertebrae, the 12 pairs of ribs, the sternum, and the muscles and fasciae attached to these; below, it is separated from the abdomen by the diaphragm; it contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems.
pectus
chest (chest),
1. The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen, enclosed by the ribs and the sternum.
See also: thorax.
abdomen
that part of the body lying between the thorax and the pelvis, and containing the abdominal cavity and viscera.
pelvis
1. The massive cup-shaped ring of bone, with its ligaments, at the inferior end of the trunk, formed of the hip bone (the pubic bone, ilium, and ischium) on either side and in front of the sacrum and coccyx, posteriorly.
2. Any basinlike or cup-shaped cavity, such as the pelvis of the kidney.

1. A basin-shaped structure of the vertebrate skeleton, composed of the innominate bones on the sides, the pubis in front, and the sacrum and coccyx behind, that rests on the lower limbs and supports the spinal column.
membrum superius
limb [lim]
1. one of the paired appendages of the body used in locomotion and grasping; see arm and leg. Called also member, membrum, and extremity.
2. a structure or part resembling an arm or leg.
axilla
The medical term for the armpit.
brachium
1. Synonym(s): arm (1)
2. An anatomic structure resembling an arm.
cubitus
1. elbow.
2. the entire upper limb distal to the humerus, including elbow, forearm, and hand.
3. ulna. adj., adj cu´bital.

1 the elbow.
2 the forearm.
antebrachium
The segment of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist.
manus
hand [hand]
the terminal part of the upper limb of a human or a nonhuman primate.
carpus
wrist
The proximal segment of the hand consisting of the carpal bones and the associated soft parts.
metacarpus
The five bones of the hand between the carpus and the phalanges.
palma
the hollow or flexor surface of the hand. adj., adj pal´mar.

The flat of the hand; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand, exclusive of the thumb and fingers; the opposite of the dorsum of the hand.
Vola
Palm of the hand or sole of the foot.
Dorsum manus
the back of the hand; surface of hand opposite the palm.
digitus medius
mid·dle fin·ger [TA]
third finger.
digitus anularis
ring fin·ger [TA]
fourth finger.
digitus minimus
little finger
membrum inferius
lower limb
Nates
the two fleshy prominences formed by the gluteal muscles on the lower part of the back.

buttocks
coxa
hip bone
femur
the thigh bone, extending from the pelvis to the knee; the longest and strongest bone in the body. Its proximal end articulates with the acetabulum, a cup-like cavity in the pelvic girdle. The greater and lesser trochanters are the two processes (prominences) at the proximal end of the femur. See anatomic Table of Bones in the Appendices.
genu
The place of articulation between the thigh and the leg.
1. the knee.
2. any kneelike structure.
poples
posterior part of knee
crus
a leglike part.
Any anatomic structure resembling a leg; usually (in the plural) a pair of diverging bands or elongated masses.
sura
The calf of the leg.

the muscular back part of the shank

baldır
pes
foot
tarsus
the bones of the ankle and heel, collectively
calx
The posterior rounded extremity of the foot. topuk
metatarsus
The part of a foot or hindfoot between the tarsus and the phalanges.
planta
the underside of the foot (ayaktabanı)
dorsum pedis
the back, or upper surface, of the foot.
digiti pedis
...
hallux, digitus secundus
the first digit of the foot.
digitus tertius, digitus quartus
...
digitus quintus
the little or fifth finger.