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Possible Questions for exam 3
Terms in this set (29)
In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to produce
a conditional responce
What occurs when a conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with an unconditional stimulus?
What did Watson and Rayner seek to demonstrate about behaviorism through the Little Albert experiment?
Even sophisticated behaviors such as emotion are subject to classical conditioning
Which part of the brain is involved in the classical conditioning of fear?
Which of the following is NOT an accurate statement concerning operant conditioning?
Complex behaviors cannot be accounted for by operant conditioning
Which of the following mechanis have no role in Skinner's approach to behavior?
cognitive, neural, evolutionary, All of the above
Latent learning provides evidence for a cognitive element in operant conditioning because
it occurs without any obvious reinforcement
Which is true of observational learning
If a child sees an adult engaging in a certain behavior, the child is more likely to imitate the behavior
Which of the following mechanisms does NOT help form the basis of observational learning?
Neural research indicates that observational learning is closely tied to brain areas that are involved in
What kind of learning takes place largely independent of awareness of both the process and the products of information acquisition?
Which of the following statements about implicit learning is accurate?
People with amnesia tend to be severely impaired at implicit learning tasks
Responding to implicit instructions results in decreased brain activation in which part of the brain?
the occipital region
Which study strategy has been shown to be the most effective?
taking practice tests
Which of the following is true about judgments of learning (JDL)?
JDLs have a casual influence on learning
Part of the value of self-testing as a study aid comes from
helping to sustain attention during initial learning
The sequence of prenatal development is
zygote, embryo, fetus
in the womb
This is true
Exposure of the mother to environmental poisons such as lead in the drinking water can interfere with the development of the fetus
Piaget believed that infants construct ______, which are theories about the way the world works.
Once children understand that human behavior is guided by mental representations, they are said to have acquired
a theory of mind
When infants in a new situation examine their mother's face for cues about what to do, they are demonstrating an ability known as
The capacity for attachment may be innate, but the quality of attachment is influenced by
the child's temperament, the ability of the primary caregivers to read their child's emotional state, the interaction between the child and the primary care giver (all of the above)
Evidence indicates that American adolescents are
living in a protracted gap between childhood and adulthood
Scientific evidence suggests that ______ play(s) a key role in determining a person's sexual orientation
Adolescents place the greatest emphasis on relationships with
The peak years for health, stamina
the early 20s
Data suggest that, for most people, the last decades of life are
Which is true of marital satisfaction over the life span
it shows peaks
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