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58 terms

Constitution Practice Test #1

STUDY
PLAY
Articles of Confederation
First written form of government
3/5th's compromise
What solved the issue of slave representation?
Virginia Plan
What plan called for two houses based on population?
New Jersey Plan
What plan called for one house based on equality?
Bi-cameral
A two house legislature
Uni-cameral
A one house legislature
Ben Franklin
Leader of the Constitutional Convention
James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Philadelphia
Where was the Constitutional Convention?
11 years
How long did the Articles of Confederation last?
Too much state power
Why were the Articles of Confederation weak?
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence
Ratify
to officially approve
Popular Sovereignty
Political Power belongs to the people
Federal System
Sharing power between the state and national government
Separation of Powers
Dividing the government into three branches
Checks and Balances
A system that keeps one branch of government from becoming too powerful
Speaker of the House
Who is leader of the House of Representatives?
Vice President
Who is leader of the Senate?
Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk
Who are the IL Senators?
Who are the Algonquin Representatives?
Don Manzullo and Randy Hultgren
6 years
How long is a Senator's term?
Population
How is representation determined in the House of Representatives?
How many members are in the Senate?
100
How many members are in the House of Representatives?
435
Equal
How is representation determined in the Senate?
What are the qualifications to be a Representative?
25 years old, a US citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent
What are the qualifications to be a Senator
30 years old, a US citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent
How long is a representative's term?
2 years
National Supremacy
Article 6
Reserved Powers
Powers given to the state government
Concurrent Powers
Powers shared by both the federal and state government
Delegated Powers
Powers given to the federal government
Making Laws
What is the Legislative Branch's main job?
Congress
What is the big lawmaking body called?
House of Representatives and Senate
What two houses make up the Legislative Branch?
Central or National Government
Another name for the Federal Government?
Anti-federalists
People who did not support the Constitution
Article 4
Relations Among States
Article 3
The Judicial Branch
Article 2
The Executive Branch
Article 1
The Legislative Branch
How many articles are in the Constitution?
7
The Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments
Amendment
Official change
Article 5
Amending the Constitution
Ratification
Article 7
Tax (Revenue) Bills
What type of bill can only start in the House of Representatives?
What number of votes is needed to override a President's veto?
2/3rds
What three things can the President do to a bill?
Sign it, veto it, pocket veto
More than half
What does a majority vote mean?
Majority
When a bill passes through Congress for the first time, what vote is needed?
Delegated Powers
Printing money, declaring war, and creating the post office are examples of what type of powers?
Writ of Habeas Corpus
What can Congress not take away from a person?
Who declares war?
Congress
What is a compromise?
Giving up something to get something else
Which amendments make up the bill of rights?
First 10