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Articles of Confederation

First written form of government

3/5th's compromise

What solved the issue of slave representation?

Virginia Plan

What plan called for two houses based on population?

New Jersey Plan

What plan called for one house based on equality?


A two house legislature


A one house legislature

Ben Franklin

Leader of the Constitutional Convention

James Madison

Father of the Constitution


Where was the Constitutional Convention?

11 years

How long did the Articles of Confederation last?

Too much state power

Why were the Articles of Confederation weak?

July 4, 1776

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

Thomas Jefferson

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence


to officially approve

Popular Sovereignty

Political Power belongs to the people

Federal System

Sharing power between the state and national government

Separation of Powers

Dividing the government into three branches

Checks and Balances

A system that keeps one branch of government from becoming too powerful

Speaker of the House

Who is leader of the House of Representatives?

Vice President

Who is leader of the Senate?

Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk

Who are the IL Senators?

Who are the Algonquin Representatives?

Don Manzullo and Randy Hultgren

6 years

How long is a Senator's term?


How is representation determined in the House of Representatives?

How many members are in the Senate?


How many members are in the House of Representatives?



How is representation determined in the Senate?

What are the qualifications to be a Representative?

25 years old, a US citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you represent

What are the qualifications to be a Senator

30 years old, a US citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you represent

How long is a representative's term?

2 years

National Supremacy

Article 6

Reserved Powers

Powers given to the state government

Concurrent Powers

Powers shared by both the federal and state government

Delegated Powers

Powers given to the federal government

Making Laws

What is the Legislative Branch's main job?


What is the big lawmaking body called?

House of Representatives and Senate

What two houses make up the Legislative Branch?

Central or National Government

Another name for the Federal Government?


People who did not support the Constitution

Article 4

Relations Among States

Article 3

The Judicial Branch

Article 2

The Executive Branch

Article 1

The Legislative Branch

How many articles are in the Constitution?


The Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments


Official change

Article 5

Amending the Constitution


Article 7

Tax (Revenue) Bills

What type of bill can only start in the House of Representatives?

What number of votes is needed to override a President's veto?


What three things can the President do to a bill?

Sign it, veto it, pocket veto

More than half

What does a majority vote mean?


When a bill passes through Congress for the first time, what vote is needed?

Delegated Powers

Printing money, declaring war, and creating the post office are examples of what type of powers?

Writ of Habeas Corpus

What can Congress not take away from a person?

Who declares war?


What is a compromise?

Giving up something to get something else

Which amendments make up the bill of rights?

First 10

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